2018 Eighth Circuit US Court of Appeals Case Law

Qwinstar Corp. v. Anthony  
Date: February 16, 2018
Docket Numbers: 16-4517, 17-1809

Justia Opinion Summary: Qwinstar and Pro Logistics entered into an agreement wherein Qwinstar would purchase Pro Logistics and employ its owner for a term of five years. Qwinstar fired the owner a few months after the sale and filed suit allegi...

Winfrey v. Forrest City, Arkansas  
Date: February 16, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1604

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed the district court's dismissal of plaintiff's complaint that alleged claims related to his termination from the police department. The court held that plaintiff's retaliation claim, on its fac...

Qwinstar Corporation v. Curtis Anthony
Date: February 16, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1809
United States v. Gregory Wieskamp
Date: February 15, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1463
United States v. Antonio Thomas
Date: February 14, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4524
United States v. Michael Sheehan
Date: February 14, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2197
United States v. Joseph Henderson
Date: February 14, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2390
United States v. William Thomas
Date: February 13, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1129
Estelean Dodge v. Hartford Life & Accident
Date: February 13, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1417
Hector Morales-Tigu v. Jefferson B. Sessions, III
Date: February 13, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1697
United States v. Camron Pete, Jr.
Date: February 12, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4152
Timothy Watkins v. Brad Perkins
Date: February 12, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1598
Jeffrey Miller v. Nancy Berryhill
Date: February 12, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2043
United States v. Jose Victor
Date: February 12, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2322
United States v. Daniel Loza-Ramirez
Date: February 12, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2465
United States v. Dominic Turner
Date: February 12, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2581
James Rus v. Nancy A. Berryhill
Date: February 12, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2587
United States v. Sotelo-Valdovinos  
Date: February 9, 2018
Docket Numbers: 16-4101, 17-1159

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit dismissed defendants' appeals after they pleaded guilty to conspiracy to distribute methamphetamine. The court held that the change of plea hearings and plea agreements confirmed that defendants knowin...

United States v. George Brown
Date: February 9, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4130
United States v. Tony Pledge
Date: February 9, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4149
United States v. Chad Saeugling
Date: February 9, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4188
United States v. Charles Roark
Date: February 9, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4291
United States v. Aamir Hafiz-Thompson
Date: February 9, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4330
United States v. Jesus Sotelo-Valdovinos
Date: February 9, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1159
United States v. Clinton Sotomayor
Date: February 9, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1626
United States v. Nathaniel Matlock
Date: February 9, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1959
United States v. Charles Johnson
Date: February 9, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1974
United States v. Kevin Lee
Date: February 9, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2355
United States v. Johnny Callen
Date: February 9, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2372
United States v. Justin Munson
Date: February 9, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2419
United States v. Aldreias Campbell
Date: February 9, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2491
United States v. Alan Turner
Date: February 8, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4516
Estate of Leon Walker, Jr. v. Wallace  
Date: February 8, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1058

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit reversed the district court's order denying defendant's motion for summary judgment based on qualified immunity. The court held that defendant, a building inspector, did not need probable cause to ente...

The-Nimrod Sterling v. Tracy Taylor
Date: February 8, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2150
United States v. George Rock
Date: February 8, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2310
United States v. George Pate
Date: February 6, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4282
United States v. Rogers  
Date: February 6, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1247

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed the district court's application of a nine-level sentencing enhancement for recklessly endangering the safety of an aircraft under USSG 2A5.2(a)(2). In this case, defendant pleaded guilty to o...

Apex Oil Company, Inc. v. Jones Stephens Corp.  
Date: February 5, 2018
Docket Number: 16-3684

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed the district court's grant of summary judgment dismissing several products liability claims brought against Jones Stephens Corporation by Apex Oil. Applying Arkansas law to this dispute, the c...

Burks v. Kelley  
Date: February 5, 2018
Docket Number: 16-3718

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit vacated the district court's order determining that petitioner's one-year statute of limitations for his habeas petition should be equitably tolled. As a preliminary matter, the court held that the dis...

Wilcox v. United States  
Date: February 5, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4181

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed the district court's grant of the United States' motion to substitute parties and motion to dismiss, as well as Lake Regional's motion for summary judgment. Plaintiff filed suit against defend...

Thomas v. Berryhill  
Date: February 5, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4559

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit vacated the district court's decision affirming the denial of social security disability benefits to plaintiff. The court held that substantial evidence on the record as a whole supported the ALJ's dec...

United States v. Roberts  
Date: February 5, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1366

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed defendant's convictions for wire fraud and sentence of 48 months in prison. The court held that there was sufficient evidence to convict defendant of the substantive wire fraud counts and the...

United States v. Metcalf  
Date: February 2, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4006

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed defendant's conviction of committing a hate crime in violation of the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr., Hate Crimes Prevention Act of 2009, 18 U.S.C. 249(a)(1). The court held that the dist...

United States v. Thompson  
Date: February 2, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4091

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed defendant's conviction of possession with intent to distribute a controlled substance. The court held that defendant's motion to suppress was properly denied where defendant had no objectively...

United States v. Hammerschmidt  
Date: February 2, 2018
Docket Numbers: 16-4420, 16-4422

Justia Opinion Summary: Mark and Ornella Hammerschmidt were convicted of charges related to their involvement in two schemes to obtain fraudulent tax refunds from the Treasury through the IRS. Mark was sentenced to 135 months in prison and Orne...

United States v. Mark Arlin Hammerschmidt
Date: February 2, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4422
Morgan v. Robinson  
Date: February 2, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1002

Justia Opinion Summary: A public employee cannot be terminated for making protected statements during a campaign for public office where that speech has no demonstrated impact on the efficiency of office operations. The Eighth Circuit affirmed...

United States v. Dangelo Erving
Date: February 2, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1073
United States v. Noah Zenor
Date: February 2, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1226
United States v. Justin Troendle
Date: February 2, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1318
United States v. Louis Norris
Date: February 2, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1538
United States v. Kelly Wilson
Date: February 2, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1790
Daniels v. Kelley  
Date: February 1, 2018
Docket Number: 16-3822

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed the district court's denial of petitioner's application for a writ of habeas corpus. Assuming that petitioner enjoyed a constitutional right to choose counsel whom his parents could afford to...

First Dakota National Bank v. Eco Energy, LLC  
Date: February 1, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4391

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed the district court's judgment in favor of Eco-Energy in a breach of contract action filed by the Bank. The court held that the district court did not err by granting partial summary judgment f...

United States v. Donald Anthony
Date: February 1, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4416
United States v. Edgar Edward Gonzalez
Date: February 1, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4465
United States v. Atkins  
Date: February 1, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1074

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed defendant's conviction and sentence for one count of conspiracy to commit wire fraud and three counts of money laundering. The court held that the evidence was sufficient to convict defendant...

United States v. Hurley Wallace
Date: February 1, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2126
Frank Allen Williams v. Darin Young
Date: January 29, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4098
Decker Plastics Inc. v. West Bend Mutual Insurance Co.  
Date: January 29, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1319

Justia Opinion Summary: In the underlying lawsuit, A1's filed an action against Decker after the plastic bags Decker sold to A1's deteriorated in the sunlight because they were not manufactured with an ultraviolet inhibitor. In this appeal, the...

United States v. Antonio Alonzo
Date: January 29, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2261
Barnwell v. Watson  
Date: January 26, 2018
Docket Number: 16-3067

Justia Opinion Summary: Plaintiffs filed suit against the superintendent of the school district under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act, 29 U.S.C. 794, after their son committed suicide, alleging that the school had discriminated against th...

Dahlin v. Lyondell Chemical Co.  
Date: January 26, 2018
Docket Numbers: 16-3419, 16-4472

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit vacated a jury verdict in favor of plaintiff in an action alleging that plaintiff's decedent contracted acute myeloid leukemia from benzene exposure while working as a truck driver. The court held that...

Electric Power Systems International, Inc. v. Zurich American Insurance Co.  
Date: January 26, 2018
Docket Number: 16-3927

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed the district court's grant of summary judgment to Zurich, holding that the district court did not err in concluding that the commercial general liability policy issued by Zurich to EPS did not...

Cheri Dahlin v. Lyondell Chemical Company
Date: January 26, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4472
United States v. Libby  
Date: January 26, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1023

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed defendant's sentence under the Armed Career Criminal Act (ACCA), 18 U.S.C. 924(e), holding that defendant's previous conviction for Minnesota first degree robbery was a violent felony and a pr...

United States v. Jerry Ingram
Date: January 26, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1249
Ashford v. Does  
Date: January 25, 2018
Docket Number: 16-3366

Justia Opinion Summary: Plaintiff filed suit alleging that a court administrator discriminated against him on the basis of his race when plaintiff applied to represent indigent murder defendants. The court held that plaintiff's second amended c...

United States v. Steward  
Date: January 25, 2018
Docket Number: 16-3886

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed defendant's sentence, holding that defendant's previous conviction for Oklahoma voluntary manslaughter qualified as a crime of violence under both versions of the Guidelines (2015 and 2016). I...

United States v. Derrick West-Jones
Date: January 25, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4317
Keith Blackwell v. Charlie Dooley
Date: January 25, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4470
Bedford v. Doe  
Date: January 25, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4558

Justia Opinion Summary: After plaintiff was injured by a load of boxes he was hauling, he filed suit against IP and John Doe, an employee of IP, alleging that Doe negligently failed to secure the load and that IP negligently supervised the load...

United States v. Markell Hamilton
Date: January 25, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1378
Maria Domingo-Lucas v. Jefferson B. Sessions, III
Date: January 25, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1652
United States v. Murphy  
Date: January 25, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1911

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed defendant's sentence of 160 months in prison after he pleaded guilty to one count of bank robbery. The court found no error, plain or otherwise, in the district court's imposition of defendant...

Jeffrey Reuter v. John Borbonus
Date: January 25, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2108
United States v. Lopez  
Date: January 24, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4116

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed the district court's denial of defendant's motion for judgment of acquittal or a new trial after she was convicted of possession of methamphetamine with the intent to distribute and conspiracy...

United States v. Jamal Vassie
Date: January 24, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4481
United States v. Anwar  
Date: January 24, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1411

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed defendant's conviction and sentence for conspiracy to distribute controlled substances and controlled substance analogues, as well as conspiracy to commit money laundering. The court held that...

United States v. Jevon Strayhorn
Date: January 24, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1732
United States v. Jevon Strayhorn
Date: January 24, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1734
David Librace v. Nancy A. Berryhill
Date: January 24, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2249
Baranski v. United States  
Date: January 23, 2018
Docket Number: 16-3699

Justia Opinion Summary: A coram nobis petitioner whose motion for 28 U.S.C. 2255 relief was denied while he was in custody must obtain authorization from a three-judge panel of the court of appeals in accordance with section 2244(b)(3)(B). The...

United States v. Clarence Garretson
Date: January 23, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2316
United States v. Ramey  
Date: January 22, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4328

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed the district court's imposition of a sentencing enhancement under USSG 2K2.1(a)(4)(A) after defendant pleaded guilty to unlawful possession of a firearm as a previously convicted felony. The c...

Gauriben Patel v. Jefferson Sessions, III
Date: January 22, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1532
Larry Rice v. Interfood, Inc.
Date: January 22, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1886
United States v. Lundstrom  
Date: January 19, 2018
Docket Numbers: 16-1860, 16-2313

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed defendant's conviction and sentence for charges related to his involvement in a scheme to defraud TierOne Bank's shareholders and to mislead its regulators by concealing millions of dollars in...

United States v. Gilbert Lundstrom
Date: January 19, 2018
Docket Number: 16-2313
Charles Burgett v. Kansas City Board of Police
Date: January 19, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4105
United States v. Rowland Zerba, Jr.
Date: January 19, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2960
United States v. Kevin Chapman
Date: January 16, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1224
Shaunpen Zhou v. IBM Corporation
Date: January 12, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1802
United States v. William Cooper, Jr.
Date: January 12, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2965
Niang v. Carroll  
Date: January 11, 2018
Docket Number: 16-3968

Justia Opinion Summary: Missouri Revised Statute Sections 328.020 and 329.030, which require African-style hair braiders to have a license to work for pay, is rationally related to a legitimate state interest in protecting consumers and ensurin...

United States v. Fulk  
Date: January 11, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4088

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed the district court's imposition of a ten year term of supervised release and a special travel condition where defendant pleaded guilty to failing to register as a sex offender. This was defend...

Garcia-Moctezuma v. Sessions  
Date: January 11, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4433

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit denied a petition for review of the BIA's order dismissing petitioner's appeal from the IJ's decision finding petitioner removable and denial of his applications for withholding of removal and for prot...

Taofeek Quadri v. Eric Fanning
Date: January 11, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2224
United States v. LNG Express, Inc.  
Date: January 10, 2018
Docket Number: 16-3646

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed the district court's order striking LNG's verified claim in a civil forfeiture proceeding. The court held that LNG's verified claim was materially indistinguishable from the claim a panel of t...

Calvin Carrick v. Jennifer Freeman
Date: January 10, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1134
United States v. Agron Simpson
Date: January 10, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1872
United States v. Agron Simpson
Date: January 10, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1877
Diane Perkins v. Megan Brennan
Date: January 10, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2047
United States v. William Cooper
Date: January 10, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2282
Antonio Ausler v. Wes Bradford
Date: January 10, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2487
Rooney v. Rock-Tenn Converting Co.  
Date: January 9, 2018
Docket Number: 16-3631

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed the district court's grant of summary judgment for Rock-Tenn in a civil rights action alleging religion and sex discrimination. The Eighth Circuit held that Title VII did not impose a legal ob...

Lewis v. Scottrade, Inc.  
Date: January 9, 2018
Docket Number: 16-3808

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed the district court's dismissal of plaintiff's putative class action alleging that Scottrade violated the Missouri Merchandising Practices Act, breach of a common law fiduciary duty, and unjust...

United States v. Christopher Peck
Date: January 9, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2147
United States v. Julian McClain
Date: January 9, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2867
Dering Pierson Group, LLC v. Kantos  
Date: January 9, 2018
Docket Number: 17-6014

Justia Opinion Summary: The Bankruptcy Appellate Panel affirmed the bankruptcy court's conclusion that DPG's claim against debtor was not nondischargeable under 11 U.S.C. 523(a)(6). The panel held that the bankruptcy court did not clearly err b...

United States v. Baskin  
Date: January 8, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2132

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed defendant's consecutive sentences for witness tampering and drug trafficking. The court held that the district court explained its decision based on the 18 U.S.C. 3553(a) factors; there was no...

Charles Johnston, Jr. v. Lisa Wilkins
Date: January 8, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2956
Boyd v. ConAgra Foods, Inc.  
Date: January 5, 2018
Docket Numbers: 16-1763, 16-3443

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed the district court's grant of summary judgment in favor of ConAgra in an action seeking to recover severance benefits under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA), 29 U.S.C. 1001...

Herll v. Auto-Owners Insurance Co.  
Date: January 5, 2018
Docket Number: 16-1889

Justia Opinion Summary: The Insurer appealed the district court's grant of summary judgment for the insured in a dispute regarding damage from a hailstorm to windows in the insured's home. An appraisal panel issued an appraisal award but the pa...

Boswell v. Panera Bread Co.  
Date: January 5, 2018
Docket Number: 16-3230

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed the district court's grant of summary judgment to at-will employees in an action alleging breach of contract against Panera. Plaintiffs filed suit on behalf of themselves and a class of simila...

James Boyd v. ConAgra Foods, Inc.
Date: January 5, 2018
Docket Number: 16-3443
United States v. Sharp  
Date: January 5, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4008

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed the district court's denial of defendant's motion to withdraw his guilty plea for drug-related offenses. The court held that the district court did not abuse its discretion in denying the moti...

Owner-Operator Independent Drivers Assoc. v. U.S. Department of Transportation  
Date: January 5, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4159

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit dismissed petitioners' challenge to the FMCSA's final rule entitled "Medical Examiner’s Certification Integration." Petitioners are the Owner-Operator Independent Drivers Association (OOIDA) and an OOI...

United States v. Welch  
Date: January 5, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4163

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed the district court's imposition of a sentencing enhancement under USSG 2K2.1(a)(4) because defendant had a previous conviction for Missouri second-degree assault that the district court deter...

Franklin v. Hawley  
Date: January 5, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4378

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit reversed the district court's grant of a petition for habeas relief, holding that Martinez v. Ryan, 566 U.S. 1 (2012), does not excuse a procedural default that occurs in the appeal of a collateral sta...

United States v. DeFoggi  
Date: January 5, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1343

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed defendant's sentence on remand after he was convicted of multiple child-pornography related offenses, holding that defendant's sentence was substantively reasonable and the district court did...

United States v. James Lovett Ivy
Date: January 5, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1497
Edward Thurman v. Queen
Date: January 5, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1948
In re: Borowiak IGA Foodliner, Inc.  
Date: January 4, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2875

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit granted Borowiak's petition for mandamus in an underlying action involving claims related to a supply agreement between the parties. Borowiak sought to vacate an order of the district court that grante...

United States v. Phillip Shockey
Date: January 3, 2018
Docket Number: 16-3036
United States v. Whitewater  
Date: January 3, 2018
Docket Numbers: 17-1258, 17-1259

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed defendant's conviction for firearms-related charges. The court held that the district court properly allowed the evidence of the photo line up to go to the jury because the identification proc...

United States v. Anthony Whitewater
Date: January 3, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1259
Brad Francis v. United States
Date: January 3, 2018
Docket Number: 17-2070
Jose Abel Garcia-Carranza v. Jefferson B. Sessions, III
Date: January 2, 2018
Docket Number: 16-3553
Simpson v. County of Cape Girardeau  
Date: January 2, 2018
Docket Number: 16-3682

Justia Opinion Summary: Plaintiff filed suit against the county under 42 U.S.C. 1983, alleging that the county jail's postcard-only incoming-mail policy for non-privileged mail violated her First and Fourteenth Amendment rights by impermissibly...

Corrado v. Life Investors Insurance Co.  
Date: January 2, 2018
Docket Number: 16-3949

Justia Opinion Summary: FCR filed suit against numerous defendants associated with the Life Investors Owners Participation Trust, alleging breaches of fiduciary duties and conversion. The Eighth Circuit affirmed the district court's grant of su...

United States v. Peeples  
Date: January 2, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4039

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed defendant's 105-month sentence after he pleaded guilty to being a felon in possession of ammunition. The court held that the district court did not err by finding that defendant's prior convic...

United States v. Crumble  
Date: January 2, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4308

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit affirmed the district court's denial of defendant's motion to suppress evidence and remanded for resentencing. The court held that the district court did not clearly err in finding abandonment of the c...

David Engstrom v. Doc Holladay
Date: January 2, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4392
United States v. Donald Johnson
Date: January 2, 2018
Docket Number: 16-4449
Seldin v. Seldin  
Date: January 2, 2018
Docket Numbers: 17-1045, 17-1047

Justia Opinion Summary: The Eighth Circuit reversed the district court's dismissal of the complaint based on lack of subject matter jurisdiction. The parties had previously entered into a Separation Agreement to divide jointly owned assets, and...

Scott Seldin v. Theodore Seldin
Date: January 2, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1047
Dorothy Petris v. Nancy A. Berryhill
Date: January 2, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1163
United States v. Deauntee Mosby
Date: January 2, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1362