Arizona Supreme Court Decisions

Article 6 of the Arizona Constitution governs the Arizona Supreme Court, which was founded in 1912. Section 5 of Article 6 provides the Court with discretionary authority to review decisions by lower state courts, including Court of Appeals decisions and some Superior Court decisions. The Arizona Supreme Court must review an appeal in a case in which a defendant received the death penalty, but it may decline to review an appeal in any other case. Parties seeking review by the Supreme Court must file a Petition for Review with the Court.

The Arizona Supreme Court consists of seven justices, including a Chief Justice, a Vice Chief Justice, and five Associate Justices. The Governor of Arizona appoints each new justice with the assistance of a nominating commission. To be eligible, a candidate must be under 70, a resident of Arizona for at least 10 years, and licensed to practice in Arizona for at least 10 years. Once a new justice has been appointed, they will serve for at least two years before going through a retention election. Afterward, they will serve for six-year renewable terms. The Chief Justice and the Vice Chief Justice serve in those capacities for five-year renewable terms. A justice cannot hold another public office and cannot participate in any campaigns other than their own.

Removing a justice may involve impeachment by the Arizona House of Representatives in a majority vote and then a conviction by the Arizona Senate in a two-thirds vote. Also, the Arizona Supreme Court may remove a justice if the Arizona Commission on Judicial Conduct recommends this action.

In addition to hearing appeals, the Arizona Supreme Court oversees the actions of the Arizona Bar Association and the Arizona Commission on Judicial Conduct. The Chief Justice of the Court also presides over Senate impeachment trials of public officials who are accused of crimes.

Browse Opinions From the Arizona Supreme Court

Recent Decisions From the Arizona Supreme Court
Zambrano v. M & RC II LLC  
Date: September 28, 2022
Docket Number: CV-21-0205-PR

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court held that public policy prohibits an agreement between a builder-vendor and a homebuyer to disclaim and waive the warranty of workmanship and habitability implied in every contract entered into between…

State v. Fierro  
Date: September 27, 2022
Docket Number: CR-20-0435-PR

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed Defendant's convictions on two counts of aggravated assault with a deadly weapon or dangerous instrument, two counts of aggravated assault causing temporary but substantial disfigurement, and…

Burns v. Arizona Public Service Co.  
Date: September 27, 2022
Docket Number: CV-21-0080-PR

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court held that the Arizona Corporation Commission, acting by a majority of its commissioners, may not prevent an individual commissioner from exercising investigatory powers pursuant to Ariz. Const. art. XV,…

Walker v. Auto-Owners Insurance Co.  
Date: September 27, 2022
Docket Number: CV-21-0236-CQ

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court held that while the broad evidence rule is not applicable in Arizona such that that an insurer and/or fact-finder may consider labor depreciation as a pertinent factor in determining the term "actual…

Leibsohn v. Hobbs  
Date: September 20, 2022
Docket Number: CV-22-0204-AP/EL

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the trial court rejecting objections based on the issue of whether signatures collected by some initiative petition circulators must be disqualified because those circulators…

Saba v. Khoury  
Date: September 14, 2022
Docket Number: CV-21-0023-PR

Justia Opinion Summary: In this marriage dissolution case, the Supreme Court held that the appropriate method of establishing the marital community's interest in separate property should begin with trial judges using the "Drahos/Barnett…

Bridges v. Nationstar Mortgage LLC  
Date: August 31, 2022
Docket Number: CV-21-0024-PR

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court held that when a debtor defaults on a debt secured by a deed of trust and the trustee chooses to sell the property, the trustee's act of recording and serving a notice of trustee's sale does not…

Fann v. Honorable Kemp  
Date: August 31, 2022
Docket Number: CV-22-0018-PR

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the order of the trial court that the Senate disclose all communications concerning an audit to American Oversight, holding that communications concerning legislative activities need not relate…

GRAEME HANCOCK v HON. O'NEIL/STATE BAR OF ARIZONA
Date: August 29, 2022
Docket Number: CV-21-0145-SA
PROTECT OUR ARIZONA v HOBBS/HEALTHCARE RISING (Decision Order)
Date: August 24, 2022
Docket Number: CV-22-0203-AP/EL
LEIBSOHN et al v HOBBS/VOTERS RIGHT TO KNOW (Decision Order)
Date: August 24, 2022
Docket Number: CV-22-0204-AP/EL
MUSSI et al v KATIE HOBBS/ADRC ACTION (Decision Order)
Date: August 24, 2022
Docket Number: CV-22-0207-AP/EL
Swift Transportation v. Honorable Carman  
Date: August 23, 2022
Docket Number: CV-20-0119-PR

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court held that because Defendant's conduct did not establish a prima facie case for punitive damages in this negligence case, the trial court erred in granting Plaintiffs' motion to obtain Defendant's…

Arizona Free Enterprise Club v. Hobbs  
Date: August 19, 2022
Docket Number: CV-21-0304-AP/EL

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court held that the exemption from the referendum power for law "for the support and maintenance of the departments of the state government and state institutions," see Ariz. Const. art. 4, pt. 1, 1(3),…

Willis v. Honorable Bernini  
Date: August 18, 2022
Docket Number: CR-21-0258-PR

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the trial court denying Defendant's motion seeking remand to the grand jury for a redetermination of probable cause pursuant to Ariz. R. Crim. P. 12.9, holding that the trial…

The opinions published on Justia State Caselaw are sourced from individual state court sites. These court opinions may not be the official published versions, and you should check your local court rules before citing to them. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site, or the information linked to on the state site.