Iowa Supreme Court Decisions 2022

State v. Liggins  
Date: June 30, 2022
Docket Number: 19-0945

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed Defendant's conviction of first-degree murder arising from events in 1990 after his fourth trial, held almost thirty years after the crime, holding that Defendant was not entitled to relief on…

Garrison v. New Fashion Pork LLP  
Date: June 30, 2022
Docket Number: 21-0652

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the district court entering summary judgment in favor of Defendants and dismissing Plaintiff's action with prejudice, holding that Defendant was not entitled to relief on any of…

McNaughton v. Chartier  
Date: June 24, 2022
Docket Number: 19-1681

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the court of appeals reversing the judgment of the district court ruling that Willard McNaughton's right and interest in the disputed property in this case had been…

Larew v. Hope Law Firm, P.L.C.  
Date: June 24, 2022
Docket Number: 20-1035

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed in part and reversed in part the judgment entered by the district court in this action involving former co-counsel on a contingent-fee case, holding that the district court erred in finding…

Site A Landowners v. South Central Regional Airport Agency  
Date: June 24, 2022
Docket Number: 20-1323

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the order of the district court granting summary judgment in favor of the cities of Pella and Oskaloosa regarding the validity of an agreement between the cities and Mahaska County to establish…

Amaya v. State Public Defender  
Date: June 24, 2022
Docket Number: 20-1346

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the ruling of the district court finding Iowa Code 815.1(4)(c) to be unconstitutional, holding that the State is not constitutionally required to provide ancillary services to an indigent…

Beverage v. Alcoa, Inc.  
Date: June 17, 2022
Docket Number: 19-1852

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the decision of the district court granting summary judgment in favor of Defendants on Plaintiffs' premises liability claims against Alcoa Inc. and on their products liability claims against…

Hoffman v. Clark  
Date: June 17, 2022
Docket Number: 19-2086

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed in part and vacated in part the ruling of the court of appeals affirming the jury's verdict on libel-per-se damages and punitive damages, holding that remittitur was appropriate in this…

State v. Miller  
Date: June 17, 2022
Docket Number: 20-0359

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed Defendant's convictions for drug- and firearm-related offenses, holding that the district court did not abuse its discretion by granting defense counsel's motion to withdraw and did not err in…

Carreras v. Iowa Department of Transportation, Motor Vehicle Division  
Date: June 17, 2022
Docket Number: 20-0963

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed in part and vacated in part the decision of the court of appeals affirming the decision of the Iowa Department of Transportation (DOT) to rescind Petitioner's license under Iowa Code 322.3(12),…

Borst Brothers Construction, Inc. v. Finance of America Commercial, LLC  
Date: June 17, 2022
Docket Number: 20-0972

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the court of appeals and the district court on the questions of lien validity and priority in this mechanics' lien case, holding that there was no error. Law requires that…

Planned Parenthood of the Heartland, Inc. v. Reynolds ex rel. State  
Date: June 17, 2022
Docket Number: 21-0856

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court held that the Iowa Constitution is not the source of a fundamental right to an abortion necessitating a strict scrutiny standard of review for regulations affecting that right. In Planned Parenthood of…

Dorsey v. State of Iowa  
Date: June 10, 2022
Docket Number: 19-1917

Justia Opinion Summary: In 1994, Dorsey shot and killed a woman when he was 18 years and five days old. He was found guilty of murder in the first degree and was sentenced to a mandatory term of life in prison without the possibility of parole.…

Sandoval v. State of Iowa  
Date: June 10, 2022
Docket Number: 20-0396

Justia Opinion Summary: In 2005, Sandoval was convicted of two counts of first-degree murder and two counts of attempted murder. He was sentenced to serve concurrent terms of life imprisonment without the possibility of parole for the murder…

American Home Assurance v. Liberty Mutual Fire Insurance Co.  
Date: June 10, 2022
Docket Number: 20-0769

Justia Opinion Summary: Pursuant to an arbitration award, American Home paid workers’ compensation benefits to an employee injured in 2008. American did not file a notice before the arbitration that, pursuant to Iowa Code 85.21, it was paying…

Lennette v. State of Iowa  
Date: June 10, 2022
Docket Number: 20-1148

Justia Opinion Summary: A father going through a contentious divorce was accused by his young daughter of sexual abuse. A Department of Human Services social worker observed the forensic interview, believed it was credible, obtained additional…

State of Iowa v. Vangen  
Date: June 10, 2022
Docket Number: 20-1647

Justia Opinion Summary: Vangen was convicted of criminal mischief in the fourth degree after the prosecution presented alternative theories to the jury—she either used a baseball bat to smash the windows of a car or she drove others to the…

DeSousa v. Iowa Realty Co., Inc.  
Date: June 10, 2022
Docket Number: 21-0679

Justia Opinion Summary: The plaintiff slipped and fell when she was on the icy driveway of a vacant home she was considering buying. The owners were not present, nor was anyone from the listing agency. The plaintiff sued the owners and the…

Sioux City Truck Sales, Inc. v. Iowa Department of Transportation  
Date: June 3, 2022
Docket Number: 20-0837

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court vacated the decision of the court of appeals reversing the judgment of the district court affirming the decisions of the administrative law judge (ALJ) and the Iowa Department of Transportation (DOT)…

Tripp v. Scott Emergency Communication Center  
Date: June 3, 2022
Docket Number: 21-0841

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the district court affirming the decision of the workers' compensation commissioner denying Petitioner's petition for benefits for trauma-induced mental injuries she suffered on…

In re K.D.  
Date: June 3, 2022
Docket Number: 21-1472

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the order of the juvenile court declining to remove the Iowa Department of Human Services (DHS) as the guardian of certain children, holding that DHS acted unreasonably in failing to send…

State v. Davis  
Date: May 27, 2022
Docket Number: 19-0453

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the court of appeals and the district court judgment convicting Defendant of murder in the first degree, holding that a verdict-urging instruction did not improperly coerce the…

Meade v. Christie  
Date: May 27, 2022
Docket Number: 21-0098

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the ruling of the Iowa Business Specialty Court denying Appellants' motion to dismiss this action involving a shareholder's challenge to a corporate merger involving the purchase of a publicly…

State v. Middlekauff  
Date: May 27, 2022
Docket Number: 21-0664

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed Defendant's conviction of possession of a controlled substance under Iowa Code 124.401(5), holding that there was no error in the proceedings below. When Defendant was pulled over by an Iowa…

In re Marriage of Hutchinson  
Date: May 20, 2022
Docket Number: 20-0076

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed in part and vacated in part the judgment of the court of appeals in this dissolution of marriage proceeding, holding that, contrary to the judgment of the lower court, Husband's concealment of…

State v. Crawford  
Date: May 20, 2022
Docket Number: 20-0280

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed Defendant's conviction and sentence for ongoing criminal conduct and Defendant's conviction for robbery in the first degree, holding that Defendant's conduct did not satisfy the requirements…

State v. Hunt  
Date: May 20, 2022
Docket Number: 20-1595

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the court of appeals reversing the order of the district court granting Defendant's motion to suppress evidence of drugs seized following a pat-down, holding that law…

Estate of Farrell v. State  
Date: May 13, 2022
Docket Number: 20-1037

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court vacated the decision of the court of appeals concluding that the public-duty doctrine barred Plaintiffs' tort claims against the State of Iowa and two municipalities, holding that the district court…

Iowa Supreme Court Attorney Disciplinary Board v. Andrew Aeilts
Date: May 13, 2022
Docket Number: 21-1799
Rausch v. City of Marion  
Date: May 6, 2022
Docket Number: 19-1582

Justia Opinion Summary: In this dispute over the just compensation award for commercial property the Supreme Court held that the district court did not abuse its discretion by limiting the testimony of the property owner regarding his opinion…

State v. Retterath  
Date: May 6, 2022
Docket Number: 19-2075

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the court of appeals reversing the judgment of the district court granting Defendant a new trial at which a key witness associated with missing records would be barred from…

State v. Wilbourn  
Date: May 6, 2022
Docket Number: 20-0257

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the district court convicting and sentencing Defendant but remanded for entry of a nun pro tune order to correct the fine suspended in the written sentencing order to the amount…

Union Pacific Railroad Co. v. Drainage District 67 Board of Trustees  
Date: May 6, 2022
Docket Number: 20-0814

Justia Opinion Summary: In this case disputing whether a drainage district properly reclassified benefits in connection with a drainage repair project the Supreme Court affirmed, holding that the lower courts did not err. The drainage district…

Rand v. Security National Corp.  
Date: May 6, 2022
Docket Number: 21-0227

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court held that the beneficiary of an estate cannot file a separate suit outside probate against the personal representative of the estate for claims arising out of and related to the personal…

Little v. Davis  
Date: May 6, 2022
Docket Number: 21-0953

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the district court granting summary judgment in favor of a beneficiary and ruling that an amendment to an irrevocable trust was invalid, holding that the surviving settlor of an…

Putman v. Walther  
Date: April 29, 2022
Docket Number: 20-0195

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the district court's grant of summary judgment in favor of Plaintiff in this real estate dispute, holding that Plaintiff offered sufficient evidence to survive Defendants' motion for summary…

ACC Holdings, LLC v. Rooney  
Date: April 29, 2022
Docket Number: 21-0479

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the district court granting a tax deed holder possession of disputed property and remanded the case for dismissal, holding that Iowa R. Civ. P. 1.943 barred the tax deed…

State v. Williams  
Date: April 22, 2022
Docket Number: 19-1857

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the court of appeals affirming the judgment of the district court denying Defendant's motion to suppress and convicting him of being a felon in possession of a firearm, holding…

Downing v. Grossman  
Date: April 22, 2022
Docket Number: 20-1124

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the district court's grant of summary judgment for Defendants in this medical malpractice action, holding that Defendants were not estopped from asserting the statute of repose defense, which…

Struck v. Mercy Health Services-Iowa Corp.  
Date: April 22, 2022
Docket Number: 20-1228

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the district court dismissing Plaintiff's professional negligence action against several healthcare providers, holding that the district court properly dismissed the complaint…

State v. Hauge  
Date: April 22, 2022
Docket Number: 20-1568

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the district court denying Defendant's motion to suppress and convicting him of possession of methamphetamine, second offense, holding that law enforcement acted reasonably…

Wakonda Club v. Selective Insurance Co. of America  
Date: April 22, 2022
Docket Number: 21-0374

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the order of the district court granting summary judgment in favor of an Insurer in this insurance dispute, holding that the mere loss of use of business property did not constitute "direct…

Jesse’s Embers, LLC v. Western Agricultural Insurance Co.  
Date: April 22, 2022
Docket Number: 21-0623

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the order of the district court granting summary judgment in favor of Insurer in this insurance dispute, holding that summary judgment was properly granted. Insured, which operated a bar and…

State v. Davison  
Date: April 15, 2022
Docket Number: 20-0950

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the district court's of restitution against Defendant, holding that the restitution was constitutionally impermissible. Under Iowa Code 910.3B, an award of at least $150,000 is required when…

Schmett v. State Objections Panel  
Date: April 15, 2022
Docket Number: 22-0618

Justia Opinion Summary: In this case involving Democrat Abby Finkenauer's candidacy for U.S. Senate the Supreme Court sustained the State Objections Panel's decision to reject objections as to the signatures of three electors who had provided…

In re Z.K.  
Date: April 8, 2022
Docket Number: 21-0324

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the ruling of the juvenile court that the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) did not apply to the termination of parental rights proceedings below, holding that the juvenile court did not err in…

Vroegh v. Iowa Department of Corrections  
Date: April 1, 2022
Docket Number: 20-0484

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed in part and reversed in part the judgment of the district court denying Employer's motion for a new trial and motion for judgment notwithstanding the verdict following a jury trial on…

State v. McCalley  
Date: April 1, 2022
Docket Number: 20-1686

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the district court imposing a six-day jail sentence and ordering Defendant to pay restitution costs for operating a motor vehicle while her license was barred as a habitual…

State v. Veal  
Date: April 1, 2022
Docket Number: 21-0144

Justia Opinion Summary: In this criminal action, the Supreme Court affirmed the ruling of the district court on remand that Defendant failed to prove a violation of his Sixth Amendment right to an impartial jury, holding that Defendant's…

State v. Williams  
Date: April 1, 2022
Docket Number: 21-0158

Justia Opinion Summary: In this criminal action, the Supreme Court affirmed the ruling of the district court on remand that Defendant failed to prove a violation of his Sixth Amendment right to an impartial jury, holding that Defendant's…

Chavez v. MS Technology LLC  
Date: April 1, 2022
Docket Number: 21-0777

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the district court affirming the conclusion of the workers' compensation commissioner that Claimant's rotator cuff injury was a scheduled shoulder injury rather than an…

State v. Cahill  
Date: March 25, 2022
Docket Number: 19-1981

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed Defendant's conviction, rendered after a second jury trial, of second-degree murder, holding that Defendant was not entitled to relief on her allegations of error. Over twenty-five years after…

State v. Bracy  
Date: March 18, 2022
Docket Number: 19-1052

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the court of appeals affirming the judgment of the district court convicting Defendant of various drug-related crimes and sentencing him to a total of forty-two years in prison,…

State v. Crawford  
Date: March 18, 2022
Docket Number: 19-1506

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the court of appeals affirming the judgment of the district court convicting Defendant of failure to affix a drug tax stamp, interference with official acts causing bodily…

In re Marriage of Pazhoor  
Date: March 18, 2022
Docket Number: 20-0090

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court further modified a hybrid traditional and rehabilitative alimony award that the court of appeals modified in this case, holding that this Court hereby adopts transitional alimony as another tool to do…

State v. Davis  
Date: March 18, 2022
Docket Number: 20-0156

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed Defendant's convictions but vacated his sentence and remanded the case for resentencing by a different judge, holding that the prosecutor breached the parties' plea agreement by failing to…

State v. Mathis  
Date: March 18, 2022
Docket Number: 20-0464

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court vacated Defendant's convictions for three counts of sexual abuse in the second degree, holding that an erroneous jury instruction prejudiced Defendant's rights. At issue was the district court's…

Carlson v. Second Succession, LLC  
Date: March 18, 2022
Docket Number: 20-0879

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the court of appeals affirming the judgment of the district court concluding that Plaintiff's filed petition did not relate back to her previously rejected filing, holding that…

In re T.F.  
Date: March 11, 2022
Docket Number: 21-0243

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the juvenile court terminating the parental rights with respect to two Indian children under the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA), 25 U.S.C. 1903(4), and Iowa Code chapter 232B…

State v. Newman  
Date: March 4, 2022
Docket Number: 19-1228

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the court of appeals affirming the judgment of the district court convicting Defendant, following a guilty plea, of lascivious acts with a child, holding that Defendant was not…

Mengwasser v. Comito  
Date: March 4, 2022
Docket Number: 19-1983

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court remanded this case for a new trial, holding that the district court misapplied changes to the Iowa Rules of Civil Procedure when it excluded certain evidence in this case, and the ruling may have…

Goche v. WMG, L.C.  
Date: March 4, 2022
Docket Number: 20-0817

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the decision of the district court ordering an Iowa limited liability company (LLC) to pay its former manager the attorney fees he incurred litigating against the LLC pursuant to Iowa Code…

State v. Thoren  
Date: February 25, 2022
Docket Number: 20-0192

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed Defendant's conviction for sexually abusing a client during a Reiki treatment session, holding that the district court erred in allowing evidence about the investigation by the Iowa Board of…

State v. Basquin  
Date: February 25, 2022
Docket Number: 20-1571

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed Defendant's plea-based conviction for a drug offense, a class "C" felony, holding that Defendant's challenges to the validity of his plea were unavailing. At issue was this Court's supervisory…

State v. Rincon  
Date: February 18, 2022
Docket Number: 20-1300

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed Defendant's conviction that arose from the search of her backpack after police officers encountered a stolen car parked with the engine running, holding that the district court did not err in…

State v. Stevens  
Date: February 18, 2022
Docket Number: 20-1393

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the district court denying Defendant's motion to suppress evidence of methamphetamine found in his coat pocket during a traffic stop, holding that the search was…

State v. Watson  
Date: February 18, 2022
Docket Number: 20-1423

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the ruling of the district court denying Defendant's motion to dismiss the trial information filed against her, holding that the State violated the speedy indictment rule. On July 5, 2020,…

Riley Drive Entertainment I, Inc. v. Reynolds  
Date: February 18, 2022
Docket Number: 20-1510

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the district court granting the governor's request to dismiss this lawsuit challenging the Governor's August 2020 public health disaster proclamation that temporarily required…

In re L.B.  
Date: February 18, 2022
Docket Number: 21-0569

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the order of the juvenile court terminating Father's parental rights to his child, holding that the juvenile court erred when it terminated Father's parental rights because the child was not…

State v. Hurlburt  
Date: February 11, 2022
Docket Number: 20-0630

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the district court convicting Defendant of operating while intoxicated after a trial at which Defendant did not appear, holding that a court may conduct a criminal trial on a…

State v. Lilly  
Date: February 4, 2022
Docket Number: 20-0617

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed Defendant's conviction for aiding and abetting a robbery, holding that the district court did not err in holding that Defendant failed to prove that his constitutional right to an impartial…

State v. Jackson-Douglass  
Date: February 4, 2022
Docket Number: 20-1530

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed Defendant's conviction and sentence for sexual abuse in the third degree, holding that Defendant was not entitled to relief on his allegations of error. Defendant entered a guilty plea to sex…

State v. Kraai  
Date: January 28, 2022
Docket Number: 19-1878

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed Defendant's conviction for sexual abuse in the second degree arising out of the sexual abuse of his daughter, N.F., holding that the trial court erred in instructing the jury but that the error…

State v. Bear  
Date: January 28, 2022
Docket Number: 20-0401

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the district court finding Defendant guilty of domestic abuse assault and criminal mischief in the fourth degree, holding that the district court had jurisdiction to enter the…

State v. Cungtion  
Date: January 28, 2022
Docket Number: 20-0409

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed Defendant's conviction entered upon his Alford plea to the charges of intimidation with a dangerous weapon with intent to injure, willful injury resulting in bodily injury, assault with a…

State v. Davis  
Date: January 28, 2022
Docket Number: 20-1244

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed Defendant's sentence to an indeterminate term of incarceration not to exceed five years imposed in connection with his plea of guilty to operating while intoxicated, holding that there was no…

State v. Hall  
Date: January 21, 2022
Docket Number: 19-1616

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the trial court convicting Defendant of two counts of suborning perjury and two counts of obstructing prosecution, holding that a defendant cannot violate Iowa Code 719.3 and…

McGrew v. Otoadese  
Date: January 21, 2022
Docket Number: 19-2137

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the district court entered after the jury returned a no-negligence verdict in favor of a surgeon in this medical malpractice case, holding that the district court erred in…

State v. Plain  
Date: January 21, 2022
Docket Number: 20-1000

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed Defendant's conviction of harassment in the first degree, holding that the district court did not err on remand in denying Defendant's motion challenging the representativeness of the jury pool…

State v. Wilson  
Date: January 14, 2022
Docket Number: 20-0371

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed Defendant's conviction for possession of cocaine and affirmed her conviction of interference with official acts, holding that the warrantless entry into Defendant's apartment to arrest her was…

In re Guardianship of L.Y.  
Date: January 14, 2022
Docket Number: 20-1034

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court vacated the decision of the court of appeals and affirmed the juvenile court's order terminating a guardianship of a minor child that was established with parental consent, holding that there was no…

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