Wyoming Supreme Court Decisions

The Wyoming Supreme Court supervises the operations of lower courts in the state, and it holds general jurisdiction to review appeals in both civil and criminal cases. It may issue any writs that may be necessary to fulfill its appellate function, such as writs of habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, and certiorari. Its original jurisdiction extends only to habeas corpus cases and certain cases involving mandamus and quo warranto writs as applied to state officers. Five justices serve on the Supreme Court, and they serve terms of eight years.

To qualify to serve on the Wyoming Supreme Court, a candidate must meet the requirements in Article 5 of the Wyoming Constitution. This means that they must be a U.S. citizen and must have been a Wyoming resident for at least three years. A candidate may not be younger than 30, and Wyoming imposes a mandatory retirement age of 70. A candidate must have at least nine years of legal experience.

While Wyoming initially elected justices to the Supreme Court, the state changed the selection process to an assisted appointment method in 1972. This means that the Wyoming Judicial Nominating Commission controls the process. The Commission usually consists of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, three active members of the Wyoming State Bar, and three non-attorneys who are appointed by the Governor of Wyoming. Once a justice has been selected, they will need to win a retention election every eight years to stay on the Court. The justices of the Court select the Chief Justice, who holds that position for four years.

Browse Opinions From the Wyoming Supreme Court

Recent Decisions From the Wyoming Supreme Court
Fallon v. State  
Date: September 9, 2022
Citation: 2022 WY 110
Docket Number: S-21-0251

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed Defendant's conviction of voluntary manslaughter, holding that the evidence was sufficient to sustain the conviction and that the district court did not err when it instructed the jury on…

Rodriguez v. State  
Date: September 9, 2022
Citation: 2022 WY 109
Docket Number: S-22-0013

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the district court convicting Defendant, after a jury trial, of second-degree murder and domestic battery, holding that the prosecutors' statements during opening and closing…

Dellos Farms, Inc. v. Security State Bank  
Date: September 8, 2022
Citation: 2022 WY 107
Docket Number: S-21-0264

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the order of the district court granting summary judgment in favor of Security State Bank (SSB) on its claims against Dellos Farms, Inc. and other related individuals and entities (Dellos…

Baker v. State  
Date: September 8, 2022
Citation: 2022 WY 106
Docket Number: S-22-0022

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed Defendant's conviction of aggravated assault and battery with a habitual criminal sentencing enhancement, holding that the district court did not abuse its discretion in admitting the State's…

Shawn Pierre Francis v. The State of Wyoming
Date: September 8, 2022
Citation: 2022 WY 108
Docket Number: S-22-0124
TEP Rocky Mountain LLC v. Record TJ Ranch Limited Partnership  
Date: August 25, 2022
Citation: 2022 WY 105
Docket Number: S-21-0288

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment the district court denying TEP Rocky Mountain LLC's (TEP RM) motion to dismiss this action, granting summary judgment to Record TJ Ranch Limited Partnership (TJ Ranch) on several…

Wyo. Department of Revenue v. WPX Energy Rocky Mountain, LLC  
Date: August 24, 2022
Citation: 2022 WY 104
Docket Numbers: S-21-0269, S-21-0275

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed in part and reversed in part the decision of the Wyoming Board of Equalization (Board) concluding that WPX Energy Rocky Mountain, LLC was entitled to deduct some of its "reservation fees,"…

City of Rawlins v. Schofield  
Date: August 24, 2022
Citation: 2022 WY 103
Docket Number: S-21-0278

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the decision of the district court determining that the procedures leading to the dismissal of Petitioner from the City of Rawlins Fire Department violated Petitioner's right to due process and…

Charles Dean McDowell v. The State of Wyoming
Date: August 24, 2022
Citation: 2022 WY 102
Docket Number: S-22-0097
PNS Stores, Inc. v. Capital City Properties, LLC  
Date: August 19, 2022
Citation: 2022 WY 101
Docket Number: S-21-0294

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the district court finding that PNS Stores, Inc. d/b/a Big Lots breached a lease with Capital City Properties, LLC and breached the implied covenant of good faith and fair…

McBride v. State, ex rel. Department of Workforce Services  
Date: August 19, 2022
Citation: 2022 WY 100
Docket Number: S-21-0296

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the district court reversing the decision of the Office of Administrative Hearings (OAH) awarding Plaintiff permanent partial disability benefits (PPD) after she injured her…

Buckingham v. State  
Date: August 19, 2022
Citation: 2022 WY 99
Docket Numbers: S-22-0008, S-20-0278

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the district court denying Appellant's motion filed under Wyo. R. App. P. 21 for a new trial based on ineffective assistance of counsel, holding that the district court did not…

Sena v. State  
Date: August 17, 2022
Citation: 2022 WY 98
Docket Numbers: S-21-0279, S-21-0083, S-21-0082

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the district court denying Appellant's post-sentence motions to withdraw his no contest pleas in two separate dockets, holding that the district court did not abuse its…

Spence v. Sloan  
Date: August 16, 2022
Citation: 2022 WY 96
Docket Number: S-21-0243

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the district court finding that the Spence Group lacked standing to bring the underlying derivative action, holding that the district court did not abuse its discretion in…

Kennedy v. Padilla  
Date: August 16, 2022
Citation: 2022 WY 97
Docket Number: S-21-0292

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the district court terminating Carol and John Kennedys' guardianships of two children, including MCM, holding that the district court did not err in terminating the Kennedys'…

The opinions published on Justia State Caselaw are sourced from individual state court sites. These court opinions may not be the official published versions, and you should check your local court rules before citing to them. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site, or the information linked to on the state site.