Idaho Supreme Court - Civil Decisions

Under the Idaho Constitution of 1890, the Idaho Supreme Court holds appellate jurisdiction over final decisions in district courts. Many of these cases reach the Supreme Court upon an appeal from the Idaho Court of Appeals, but the Supreme Court also may choose to review a case in the Court of Appeals at its discretion. The Supreme Court also may review appeals of orders by the Public Utilities Commission, the Idaho Industrial Commission, and the Industrial Accident Commission. It holds original jurisdiction to issue certain types of writs, such as writs of mandamus and habeas corpus, in addition to original jurisdiction over cases against the state government. The Court rotates among locations in Boise, Coeur d’Alene, Moscow, Lewiston, Pocatello, Rexburg, Idaho Falls, Caldwell, and Twin Falls

To serve on the Idaho Supreme Court, a candidate must be a U.S. citizen, an Idaho resident for at least two years, and at least 30 years old. They also must have practiced law in Idaho for at least 10 years. Five justices serve on the Court. Idaho selects justices by using a non-partisan election. In other words, candidates are listed on the ballot without their party affiliation. However, if a justice needs to be replaced before the end of their term, the assisted appointment method applies. This means that the Idaho Judicial Council sends a list of candidates to the Governor of Idaho, who will choose the interim justice. Each justice generally serves a renewable six-year term, although the Chief Justice serves a four-year term. The Chief Justice receives their appointment from the Governor after being chosen by a majority of the current justices.

A justice may be removed from the Idaho Supreme Court if the Court determines that removal is appropriate upon the recommendation of the Idaho Judicial Council. A justice also may be removed if they are impeached by the Idaho State Legislature in a majority vote and by the Idaho State Senate in a two-thirds vote.

Browse Opinions From the Idaho Supreme Court - Civil

Recent Decisions From the Idaho Supreme Court - Civil
Idaho Department of Health and Welfare v. Beason  
Date: April 11, 2024
Docket Number: 50302

Justia Opinion Summary: The case involves the Idaho Department of Health and Welfare's (the Department) action to set aside a transfer of real property from two Medicaid recipients, Robert Gilbert and Juanita Gilbert, to their five…

BABE VOTE v. McGrane  
Date: April 11, 2024
Docket Number: 51227

Justia Opinion Summary: In this case, the plaintiffs, BABE VOTE and the League of Women Voters of Idaho, challenged two amendments to Idaho's election laws, House Bills 124 and 340, which modified the forms of identification voters can use to…

Lands v. Sunset Manor, LP  
Date: April 10, 2024
Docket Number: 49916

Justia Opinion Summary: The case revolves around a premises liability claim filed by Diane Lands against Sunset Manor, LP, and Bingham County Senior Citizens Center, Inc. Lands tripped on an uneven sidewalk outside her apartment building,…

Thompson v. Burley Inn, Inc.  
Date: April 2, 2024
Docket Number: 49940

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court of the State of Idaho upheld a decision by the Idaho Industrial Commission that required an employer and its insurance company to pay the full amount of a medical invoice for an employee's workers'…

Medical Recovery Services v. Moser  
Date: March 25, 2024
Docket Number: 49755

Justia Opinion Summary: This case involves a medical debt collection claim between Medical Recovery Services, LLC (MRS), a debt collection service representing Franklin County Medical Center (FCMC), and Cierra Moser, a former FCMC employee. MRS…

Blasch v. HP, Inc.  
Date: March 21, 2024
Docket Number: 50703

Justia Opinion Summary: In this case, the Supreme Court of the State of Idaho was tasked with answering a certified question of law from the U.S. District Court for the District of Idaho. The question centered on the appropriate point of…

Renaissance Project Development, LLC v. Twin Falls  
Date: March 5, 2024
Docket Number: 50197

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court of the State of Idaho affirmed a lower court's decision upholding the denial of a preliminary plat application by Renaissance Project Development, LLC for phases two through five of the Shoshone Heights…

Millard v. Talburt  
Date: February 27, 2024
Docket Number: 49773

Justia Opinion Summary: This case involved a property dispute between neighbors Robert and Debra Talburt and Miles and Leanne Millard in Idaho. The Millards sought to establish their rights to a disputed tract of land and two easements, as well…

Pickering v. Sanchez  
Date: February 22, 2024
Docket Number: 49801

Justia Opinion Summary: This case involves a dispute between Melissa Sanchez, a tenant, and Chris and Jennifer Pickering, her landlords, over the terms of a lease agreement for a mobile home owned by the Pickerings. Sanchez believed the…

Snap! Mobile v. Vertical Raise  
Date: February 2, 2024
Docket Numbers: 49418, 49483

Justia Opinion Summary: Two online fundraising companies, Snap! Mobile, Inc. ("Snap") and Vertical Raise, LLC ("Vertical Raise"), were involved in a dispute. Snap accused Vertical Raise and its CEO, Paul Landers, of poaching its sales…

Whittaker v. Idaho Department of Water Resources  
Date: February 2, 2024
Docket Number: 50000

Justia Opinion Summary: This case arises from a water rights dispute in Idaho. The McConnells sought to transfer their water rights to a new point of diversion on Lee Creek. Their upstream neighbor, Whittaker, protested the application, arguing…

Nipper V. Wootton  
Date: February 1, 2024
Docket Number: 49915

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court of the State of Idaho affirmed the judgment of the District Court of the Third Judicial District of the State of Idaho, Washington County, in a medical malpractice action brought by Vivian Nipper…

Idaho State Athletic Commission v. Office of the Administrative Rules Coordinator  
Date: January 29, 2024
Docket Number: 51211

Justia Opinion Summary: In this case, the Idaho State Athletic Commission and the Idaho Division of Occupational and Professional Licenses sought a declaratory ruling that provisions of the Idaho Administrative Procedure Act (APA) requiring…

IDHW v. John Doe & Jane Doe
Date: January 18, 2024
Docket Number: 50795
Miller v. Rocking Ranch No. 3  
Date: January 12, 2024
Docket Number: 49371

Justia Opinion Summary: In an appeal from a property dispute in Ketchum, Idaho, the Supreme Court of the State of Idaho affirmed the lower court's judgment, in part, and vacated and remanded the case, in part, for further proceedings. The…

The opinions published on Justia State Caselaw are sourced from individual state court sites. These court opinions may not be the official published versions, and you should check your local court rules before citing to them. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site, or the information linked to on the state site.

Some case metadata and case summaries were written with the help of AI, which can produce inaccuracies. You should read the full case before relying on it for legal research purposes.

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.