Idaho Case Law
The Idaho state court system is divided into three levels. The highest court in Idaho is the Idaho Supreme Court, which consists of five judges. The Supreme Court reviews appeals of decisions by the Idaho Court of Appeals. It also reviews appeals of decisions by trial courts in limited situations, and it reviews appeals of decisions by certain state administrative agencies. Decisions by the Idaho Supreme Court are final unless the U.S. Supreme Court agrees to review an appeal of a decision.
The middle level of the Idaho state court system is the Idaho Court of Appeals. It consists of four judges, who review cases in three-judge panels. The Court of Appeals may review appeals of decisions by lower courts in all types of cases except for capital murder convictions. Decisions by the Court of Appeals are final unless the Supreme Court agrees to review an appeal of a decision.
The lowest level of the Idaho state court system consists of the Idaho District Courts and the Idaho Magistrate Division. The District Courts are trial courts with general jurisdiction over civil and criminal cases. These courts also review appeals of decisions by the Magistrate Division. The jurisdiction of the Magistrate Division is limited to certain types of cases. These include misdemeanors, infractions, divorce proceedings, probate matters, juvenile proceedings, and civil matters with no more than $10,000 at issue.