D.C. Circuit US Court of Appeals Case Law

The US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit encompasses the smallest geographic area of any of the federal circuits with appellate jurisdiction over the District of Columbia. Despite its size, the court has been a major influence on US law and frequently hears litigation involving US federal agencies.

More information regarding the history of the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit can be found at The Historical Society of the District of Columbia Circuit.

Browse Opinions From the US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit


Recent Decisions From the US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
United States v. Machado-Erazo  
Date: August 17, 2018
Docket Number: 15-3040

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit affirmed Defendants Ayala, Machado-Erazo, and Martinez-Amaya's convictions and sentences for conspiracy to violate the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO) statute. The court held that the...

In re: Sealed Case  
Date: August 17, 2018
Docket Number: 16-3005

Justia Opinion Summary: A generic appeal waiver does not affect a defendant's ability to appeal his sentence on yet-to-arise ineffective-assistance-of-counsel grounds. The DC Circuit held that the appeal waiver did not preclude defendant from a...

People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals v. HHS  
Date: August 17, 2018
Docket Number: 16-5269

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit affirmed the district court's decision to uphold HHS's redaction of certain types of information in response to PETA's request for information about the importation of nonhuman primates under the Freedom o...

Air Alliance Houston v. EPA  
Date: August 17, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1155

Justia Opinion Summary: At issue in this appeal was whether the EPA had authority under Sections 307(d)(7)(B) and 112(r)(7) of the Clean Air Act (CAA) to delay the effective date of the Chemical Disaster Rule of January 13, 2017, for twenty mon...

Hispanic Affairs Project v. Acosta  
Date: August 17, 2018
Docket Number: 17-5202

Justia Opinion Summary: The Project and four individual herders challenged the agencies' 364-day certification period for H-2A visas, which allowed nonimmigrants to enter the country to perform certain agricultural work. The DC Circuit held tha...

American Freedom Defense Initiative v. Washington Metropolitan Transit Authority  
Date: August 17, 2018
Docket Number: 17-7059

Justia Opinion Summary: AFDI filed suit against WMATA and its then-general manager, alleging that WMATA's refusal to display its advertisements violated its rights to free speech and equal protection under the First and Fourteenth Amendments. T...

American Institute of Certified Accountants v. IRS  
Date: August 14, 2018
Docket Number: 16-5256

Justia Opinion Summary: AICPA challenged the IRS's Annual Filing Season Program as violating the Administrative Procedure Act (APA). On remand, the district court granted the IRS's motion for judgment on the pleadings based on AICPA's lack of s...

Green Gas Delaware Statutory Trust v. Commissioner  
Date: August 14, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1025

Justia Opinion Summary: Appellants challenged the tax court's decision affirming the Commissioner's determinations to disallow 26 U.S.C. 45K credits to appellants, to disallow the bulk of appellants' claimed business-expense deductions, and tha...

ABC Aerolineas, S.A. de C.V. v. DOT  
Date: August 14, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1056

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit denied Interjet's petitions for review of the Department's orders implementing a decision to not allow the airlines to give any takeoff and landing slots at Mexico City's Benito Juárez International Airpor...

Ranowsky v. National Railroad Passenger Corp.  
Date: August 14, 2018
Docket Number: 17-7062

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit affirmed the district court's grant of summary judgment for defendants in an action brought by plaintiff, a former Deputy Counsel, alleging that her termination was the product of discrimination based on h...

Khalid Qassim v. Donald Trump (En Banc Order)
Date: August 14, 2018
Docket Number: 18-5148
United States v. Williamson  
Date: August 10, 2018
Docket Number: 15-3018

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit affirmed defendant's conviction for threatening to murder a federal law enforcement officer. The court held that the indictment fairly informed defendant of the charge against him so as to satisfy the Cons...

Capital Medical Center v. NLRB  
Date: August 10, 2018
Docket Number: 16-1320

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit denied the hospital's petition for review of the Board's determination that the hospital failed to make a showing that prohibiting the employees' picketing conduct was necessary to avoid disrupting patient...

Steele v. Mattis  
Date: August 10, 2018
Docket Number: 16-5236

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit reversed the district court's grant of summary judgment to the Department of Defense in an action brought by plaintiff, a former instructor, under the Age Discrimination in Employment Act against the Natio...

Billings Clinic v. Azar  
Date: August 10, 2018
Docket Number: 17-5006

Justia Opinion Summary: Hospitals challenged the methodology that the Department used to calculate the "outlier payment" component of their Medicare reimbursements for 2008, 2009, 2010, and 2011. At issue was whether the Department's decision t...