2020 D.C. Circuit US Court of Appeals Case Law

The NASDAQ Stock Market, LLC v. SEC  
Date: June 5, 2020
Docket Number: 18-1292

Justia Opinion Summary: Section 19(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is not available as a means to challenge the reasonableness of generally-applicable fee rules. At issue in this appeal is whether fees that national securities exchang...

Karem v. Trump  
Date: June 5, 2020
Docket Number: 19-5255

Justia Opinion Summary: Following an incident at President Trump's 2019 Social Media Summit involving Appellee Brian Karem, a journalist with a hard pass, and Sebastian Gorka, a Summit attendee, the Press Secretary suspended Karem's pass for th...

Stoe v. Barr  
Date: May 29, 2020
Docket Number: 18-5315

Justia Opinion Summary: Plaintiff filed suit against the Attorney General of the United States in his official capacity as head of the Department of Justice (DOJ), alleging that the DOJ had denied her a promotion to a Division Director position...

Johnson v. Wilson  
Date: May 29, 2020
Docket Number: 18-5350

Justia Opinion Summary: Appellant contends that he received ineffective assistance of counsel during the direct appeal of his murder conviction in D.C. Superior Court. Appellant alleged that his appellate counsel labored under two conflicts of...

Sanchez v. Office of the State Superintendent of Education  
Date: May 29, 2020
Docket Number: 19-7072

Justia Opinion Summary: Plaintiffs filed suit challenging the validity of District of Columbia regulations that impose minimum education requirements for certain childcare providers. The district court held that the case was non-justiciable on...

Code v. McCarthy  
Date: May 26, 2020
Docket Number: 18-5122

Justia Opinion Summary: After appellant asked the Board to expunge or amend Army investigators' determinations recorded in his military files, the Board denied his application and the district court sustained its decision. The DC Circuit reve...

Shands Jacksonville Medical Center, Inc. v. Azar  
Date: May 26, 2020
Docket Number: 19-5087

Justia Opinion Summary: The district court remanded the Fiscal Year 2014 Rule to the Secretary of Health and Human Services without vacating the Rule. The district court's decision was made in response to the challenge by a group of hospitals t...

Maryland v. Environmental Protection Agency  
Date: May 19, 2020
Docket Number: 18-1285

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit granted Maryland's petition for review of the EPA's denial of its Clean Air Act section 126(b) petition requesting that the EPA impose additional limitations on certain upwind sources that were purportedly...

Kiewit Power Constructors Co. v. Secretary of Labor  
Date: May 15, 2020
Docket Number: 18-1282

Justia Opinion Summary: Kiewit contested its OSHA citation, arguing that the quick-drenching provision in 41 C.F.R. 50-204.6(c), which requires quick-drenching eyewash facilities for workers exposed to corrosive materials, was invalidly applied...

Ali v. Trump  
Date: May 15, 2020
Docket Number: 18-5297

Justia Opinion Summary: Appellant, an Algerian national detained at Guantanamo Bay since 2002, asks the court to hold that the Fifth Amendment's Due Process Clause categorically applies in full to detainees at Guantanamo Bay, and that his ongoi...

Waggel v. George Washington University  
Date: May 8, 2020
Docket Number: 18-7181

Justia Opinion Summary: Plaintiff filed suit against George Washington University, alleging that it violated the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) by failing to provide a reasonable accommodation and discriminating against her because of he...

Flyers Rights Education Fund v. Department of Transportation  
Date: May 5, 2020
Docket Number: 19-1071

Justia Opinion Summary: FlyersRights claimed that airlines were not giving passengers sufficient notice of their right to compensation for delays in flights and urged the Department to issue regulations requiring the airlines to print written s...

Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Research Services, Inc. v. FDA  
Date: May 1, 2020
Docket Number: 18-1335

Justia Opinion Summary: PMRS petitioned for review of the FDA's denial of PMRS's application to market a prescription opioid drug. The DC Circuit rejected PMRS's challenges under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA), and held that the FDA's d...

In re: Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility  
Date: May 1, 2020
Docket Number: 19-1044

Justia Opinion Summary: This case arose out of the FAA and NPS's efforts to regulate commercial sightseeing flights over national parks. The Air Tour Management Act of 2000 directs the FAA and NPS to "make every effort" to establish rules gover...

Young v. SEC  
Date: April 28, 2020
Docket Number: 16-1149

Justia Opinion Summary: Petitioner, found liable for multiple securities fraud violations, petitioned for review in the District of Columbia Court of Appeals, which is the wrong court. By the time petitioner realized his mistake and filed the p...

United States v. Abney  
Date: April 24, 2020
Docket Number: 19-3090

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit vacated defendant's sentence imposed after he pleaded guilty to unlawful possession with intent to distribute 50 grams or more of cocaine base, or crack, in violation of 21 U.S.C. 841(a)(1), (b)(1)(A)(iii)...

Louisiana Environmental Action Network v. EPA  
Date: April 21, 2020
Docket Number: 17-1257

Justia Opinion Summary: When the EPA promulgated the emission standard for pulp mill combustion sources in 2001, EPA addressed some but not all the hazardous air pollutants they are known to emit. In 2017, EPA conducted its first section 112(d)...

Hall & Assoc. v. EPA  
Date: April 21, 2020
Docket Number: 18-5241

Justia Opinion Summary: Hall filed suit under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), seeking records from the EPA related to the agency's purported adoption of a "nonacquiescence decision." The judgment at issue is that of the United States Cou...

Stewart v. McPherson  
Date: April 21, 2020
Docket Number: 18-5370

Justia Opinion Summary: Plaintiff filed suit challenging the Navy Secretary's refusal to grant him a waiver of statutory requirements that govern his eligibility for incentive pay. After determining that plaintiff has abandoned his substantive...

Physicians for Social Responsibility v. Wheeler  
Date: April 21, 2020
Docket Number: 19-5104

Justia Opinion Summary: Three scientists who had previously received EPA grants and served on advisory committees, as well as several non-profit organizations, filed suit arguing that the EPA's directive, which now prohibits all grant recipient...

United States v. Delaney  
Date: April 17, 2020
Docket Number: 18-3093

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit vacated the district court's denial of defendant's motion to suppress evidence. The court held that officers violated the Fourth Amendment when they seized defendant because they lacked reasonable suspicio...

Sierra Club v. Wheeler  
Date: April 17, 2020
Docket Number: 18-5328

Justia Opinion Summary: After the EPA issued guidelines for two categories of solid waste incinerator over two years ago, the Administrator has not imposed a federal plan on noncompliant States. Sierra Club filed suit under the Clean Air Act's...

United States v. Butler  
Date: April 14, 2020
Docket Number: 17-3080

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit reversed the district court's judgment and remanded with instructions to grant defendant's motion to vacate his sentence under 28 U.S.C. 2255. Defendant was convicted of murder almost 50 years ago. The gov...

Shatsky v. Palestine Liberation Organization  
Date: April 14, 2020
Docket Number: 17-7168

Justia Opinion Summary: The families of American victims of a 2002 bombing in the West Bank filed suit against the Palestinian Defendants, alleging that defendant are liable for the attack on the theory that they enabled the bombing through the...

Pueschel v. Chao  
Date: April 14, 2020
Docket Number: 18-5330

Justia Opinion Summary: Plaintiff, a former employee of the FAA, filed suit against the Secretary of Transportation for unlawful retaliation and discrimination, and the Secretary of Transportation and the Department of Labor for violation of he...

United Parcel Service, Inc. v. Postal Regulatory Commission  
Date: April 14, 2020
Docket Number: 19-1026

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit granted UPS's petition for review, challenging the Commission's Order Adopting Final Rules Relating to the Institutional Cost Contribution Requirement for Competitive Products, No. 4963. The order modified...

Gulf South Pipeline Co. v. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission  
Date: April 10, 2020
Docket Number: 19-1074

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit held that FERC's rejection of Gulf South's application for incremental-plus rates was arbitrary and capricious. The court held that FERC failed to justify the disparity between how materially identical shi...

In re: Mustafa Al Hawsawi  
Date: April 10, 2020
Docket Number: 19-1100

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit denied petitions for writs of mandamus seeking vacatur of all orders issued by the former presiding military judge because of the appearance of partiality. Petitioners are being tried before a military tri...

Sierra Club v. EPA  
Date: April 7, 2020
Docket Number: 18-1167

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit dismissed Sierra Club's petition for review of the EPA's "Guidance on Significant Impact Levels for Ozone and Fine Particles in the Prevention of Significant Deterioration Permitting Program" (SILs Guidanc...

Natural Resources Defense Council v. Wheeler  
Date: April 7, 2020
Docket Number: 18-1172

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit granted the petitions for review of the EPA's 2018 Rule, which suspended the prior listing of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) as unsafe substitutes in its entirety. Consequently, even current users of ozone-depl...

Board of County Commissioners of Washington County v. United States Department of Transportation  
Date: April 7, 2020
Docket Number: 19-1210

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit denied a petition for review of the Department's determination that Hagerstown Airport was not eligible for federally subsidized air service because it did not meet the statutory "enplanement" requirement....

In re: Federal Bureau of Prisons Execution Protocol Cases  
Date: April 7, 2020
Docket Number: 19-5322

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit vacated the district court's preliminary injunction enjoining four plaintiffs from being executed. Plaintiffs claimed that the 2019 execution protocol and addendum violate the Federal Death Penalty Act of...

Western Surety Co. v. U.S. Engineering Construction, LLC  
Date: April 7, 2020
Docket Number: 19-7033

Justia Opinion Summary: Western Surety filed suit against US Engineering, seeking declaratory and injunctive relief regarding its potential liability under a construction performance bond. Western Surety claimed that its obligations under the b...

Baltimore Gas and Electric Co. v. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission  
Date: March 27, 2020
Docket Number: 18-1298

Justia Opinion Summary: BGE petitioned for review of FERC's orders arising out of its efforts to apply its "matching" principles to divergences between the timing of deductions for tax purposes and timing for purposes of allocating costs to rat...

United States v. Browne  
Date: March 27, 2020
Docket Number: 18-3073

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit affirmed the various challenged rulings, but remanded the ineffective assistance of counsel claims to the district court. In this case, appellant was convicted for kidnapping and unlawful possession with i...

United States v. Miller  
Date: March 27, 2020
Docket Number: 18-3090

Justia Opinion Summary: On remand, appellant asserted various ineffective assistance of counsel claims during the suppression stage, based on counsel's failure to move for STA dismissal, based on counsel's failure to call a witness, and based o...

Snohomish County v. Surface Transportation Board  
Date: March 27, 2020
Docket Number: 19-1030

Justia Opinion Summary: The county sought to revoke two exemptions the Board granted with respect to a freight rail easement over the county's property, alleging that both notices misrepresented the easement's ownership. The Board denied the pe...

United States ex rel. Barko v. Halliburton Co.  
Date: March 27, 2020
Docket Number: 19-7064

Justia Opinion Summary: Appellant filed a qui tam action under the False Claims Act, alleging that KBR and various subcontractors defrauded the US Government by inflating costs and accepting kickbacks while administering military contracts in w...

Camara v. Mastro's Restaurants LLC  
Date: March 17, 2020
Docket Number: 18-7167

Justia Opinion Summary: Plaintiff filed suit against his former employer, claiming that Mastro's deprived him and other servers of a minimum wage in violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act and the District of Columbia's Minimum Wage Revision...

Union Pacific Railroad Co. v. Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration  
Date: March 17, 2020
Docket Number: 19-1075

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit denied Union Pacific's petition for review of the Administration's regulation governing disclosures made by railroads that are transporting hazardous materials. Union Pacific alleged that the regulation wa...

Chesapeake Climate Action Network v. EPA  
Date: March 13, 2020
Docket Numbers: 15-1015, 16-1169, 16-1349

Justia Opinion Summary: In these consolidated actions, petitioners challenged the EPA's 2014 final rule, which exempted coal- and oil-burning power plant utility boilers' startup periods from numerical limits on hazardous air pollutants. EPA in...

Eagle Pharmaceuticals, Inc. v. Azar  
Date: March 13, 2020
Docket Number: 18-5207

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit affirmed the district court's grant of summary judgment in favor of Eagle, in an action brought by Eagle, alleging that the Orphan Drug Act's (ODA), 21 U.S.C. 360aa–360ee, plain language required the FDA t...

Campaign Legal Center v. Federal Election Commission  
Date: March 13, 2020
Docket Number: 18-5239

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit affirmed the Commission's dismissal of three administrative complaints alleging violations of the Federal Election Campaign Act's disclosure requirements. After determining that plaintiffs had Article III...

Irregulators v. FCC  
Date: March 13, 2020
Docket Number: 19-1085

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit affirmed the dismissal of the petition for review challenging the Commission's order approving the continued use of admittedly outdated accounting rules for an ever-dwindling number of telephone companies...

In re: Ammar Al-Baluchi  
Date: March 13, 2020
Docket Number: 19-1146

Justia Opinion Summary: Petitioner, a Guantanamo detainee, sought a writ of mandamus asking the court to prevent the government from proceeding with destruction of a particular detention center ("Site A"). The DC Circuit denied relief, finding...

United States House of Reps. v. Steven Mnuchin (En Banc Order)
Date: March 13, 2020
Docket Number: 19-5176
Committee on the Judiciary v. Donald McGahn, II (En Banc Order)
Date: March 13, 2020
Docket Number: 19-5331
Maryland v. Federal Aviation Administration  
Date: March 10, 2020
Docket Number: 18-1173

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit dismissed the State's petition challenging the FAA's amended flight paths to Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport as untimely. Although the State acknowledged that its petition was filed well after th...

Evans v. Bureau of Prisons  
Date: March 10, 2020
Docket Number: 18-5068

Justia Opinion Summary: Plaintiff filed suit under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) seeking to compel the release of records related to an incident in which plaintiff was stabbed from behind with a screwdriver in prison. The DC Circuit a...

Molock v. Whole Foods Market Group, Inc.  
Date: March 10, 2020
Docket Number: 18-7162

Justia Opinion Summary: Current and former Whole Foods employees initiated this diversity action seeking to recover purportedly lost wages, alleging that Whole Foods manipulated its incentive-based bonus program, resulting in employees losing w...

Committee on the Judiciary v. United States Department of Justice  
Date: March 10, 2020
Docket Number: 19-5288

Justia Opinion Summary: The Committee seeks to obtain the redacted grand jury materials referenced in the Special Counsel's Report in connection with its impeachment investigation of President Trump. The Committee requested three categories of...

United States v. Mason  
Date: March 6, 2020
Docket Number: 18-3056

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit affirmed defendant's conviction and sentence for conspiracy to deal heroin and other drugs. The court held that defendant has failed to demonstrate prejudice from the government's belated disclosure of a h...

BHC Northwest Psychiatric Hospital, LLC v. Secretary of Labor  
Date: March 3, 2020
Docket Number: 19-1089

Justia Opinion Summary: The Hospital petitioned for review of an administrative decision affirming the Secretary's citation for violating the General Duty Clause of the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) by inadequately protecting its em...

He Depu v. Yahoo! Inc.  
Date: February 28, 2020
Docket Number: 18-7161

Justia Opinion Summary: Plaintiffs, Chinese citizens who were imprisoned for expressing dissent on the internet, filed suit alleging that, as part of an earlier settlement, Yahoo established a charitable trust to provide humanitarian and legal...

K&D LLC v. Trump Old Post Office LLC  
Date: February 28, 2020
Docket Number: 18-7185

Justia Opinion Summary: Cork Wine Bar, a restaurant that competes with President Trump's eponymous hotel, filed suit alleging violations of the District's common law of unfair competition. Cork alleged that President Trump's hotel attracted mor...

Committee on the Judiciary of the United States House of Representatives v. McGahn  
Date: February 28, 2020
Docket Number: 19-5331

Justia Opinion Summary: Separation-of-powers principles and historical practice compelled the DC Circuit to dismiss for lack of jurisdiction the Committee's suit to enforce the congressional subpoena against the Executive Branch. After the Comm...

United States v. Smith  
Date: February 25, 2020
Docket Number: 18-3010

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit affirmed defendants' convictions for conspiracy to commit bank robbery by intimidation. The court held that the evidence was sufficient to support the jury's finding that defendants agreed to rob by intimi...

NTCH, Inc. v. FCC  
Date: February 21, 2020
Docket Numbers: 18-1241, 18-1242, 18-1243

Justia Opinion Summary: NTCH challenged the Commission's three spectrum-management decisions: first, the Commission "modified" Dish Network's license in the AWS-4 Band to authorize the company to develop a stand-alone terrestrial network that c...

NTCH, Inc. v. FCC
Date: February 21, 2020
Docket Number: 18-1243
Pigford v. Perdue  
Date: February 21, 2020
Docket Numbers: 19-5023, 19-5027

Justia Opinion Summary: Appellant filed suit claiming damages under the Consent Decree created in the 1999 settlement between the Department of Agriculture and a class of African American farmers. After the arbitrator denied the claims, appella...

Jackson v. Modly  
Date: February 14, 2020
Docket Number: 18-5180

Justia Opinion Summary: Jackson served in the Marine Corps, 1977-1991. Almost 30 years after his honorable discharge, Jackson filed a pro se complaint alleging that toward the end of his military career, his supervising officers discriminated a...

Gresham v. Azar  
Date: February 14, 2020
Docket Number: 19-5094

Justia Opinion Summary: Kentucky and Arkansas residents sued the Secretary of Health and Human Services based on the approval under 42 U.S.C. 1315(a) of an “experimental, pilot, or demonstration projects which, in the judgment of the Secretary,...

Government of Guam v. United States  
Date: February 14, 2020
Docket Number: 19-5131

Justia Opinion Summary: Since the 1940s, the U.S. Navy operated a landfill on the island of Guam, containing discarded munitions, chemicals, and everyday garbage. The Ordot Dump lacked any environmental safeguards. The EPA added Ordot to its Na...

United States v. Cooper  
Date: February 11, 2020
Docket Number: 17-3057

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit affirmed Defendants Cooper and Bryant's appeal of their convictions and sentences for theft of public money and conspiracy to defraud the United States. The court held that the district court correctly con...

Baystate Franklin Medical Center v. Azar  
Date: February 11, 2020
Docket Number: 18-5264

Justia Opinion Summary: Baystate filed suit against the Secretary, challenging his promulgation of a final rule calculating the wage index for hospital reimbursements in 2017. Baystate alleged that the Secretary failed to comply with the statut...

Lovitky v. Trump  
Date: February 11, 2020
Docket Number: 19-5199

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit affirmed the district court's dismissal of plaintiff's suit, alleging that President Trump violated the Ethics in Government Act of 1978 by obscuring liabilities on financial disclosure reports, because pl...

Narragansett Indian Tribal Historic Preservation Office v. FERC  
Date: February 7, 2020
Docket Number: 19-1009

Justia Opinion Summary: The Narragansett Tribe petitioned for review of the Commission's order denying its motion to intervene in a natural gas pipeline certificate proceeding after the certificate to build a pipeline had issued. While the Trib...

Blumenthal v. Trump  
Date: February 7, 2020
Docket Number: 19-5237

Justia Opinion Summary: 215 Members of the Congress sued President Donald J. Trump based on allegations that he has repeatedly violated the United States Constitution’s Foreign Emoluments Clause. The district court denied the President's motion...

United States v. Lorenzana-Cordon  
Date: January 31, 2020
Docket Number: 18-3019

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit affirmed defendants' convictions for conspiring to traffic wholesale quantities of cocaine into the United States. The court found no grounds for reversal, holding that the evidence presented at trial did...

Duquesne University of the Holy Spirit v. NLRB  
Date: January 28, 2020
Docket Number: 18-1063

Justia Opinion Summary: Duquesne petitioned for review of the Board's decision and order requiring the school to bargain with a union representing the school's adjunct facility. Duquesne argued that its religious mission places it beyond the Bo...

Manua's, Inc. v. Scalia  
Date: January 28, 2020
Docket Number: 18-1307

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit denied a petition for review of the Commission's order finding that the company violated regulations promulgated by the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA). In this case, the company had hired a cons...

Loumiet v. United States  
Date: January 28, 2020
Docket Number: 18-5020

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Amendment does not create an implied damages action against officials in the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) for retaliatory administrative enforcement actions under the Financial Institutions R...

Oviedo v. Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority  
Date: January 28, 2020
Docket Number: 18-7037

Justia Opinion Summary: Plaintiff, a white male of Chilean origin, filed suit under Title VII and the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), alleging that WMATA failed to promote him on the basis of age and national origin and later retal...

Alliance of Artists and Recording Companies, Inc. v. Denso International America, Inc.  
Date: January 28, 2020
Docket Number: 18-7141

Justia Opinion Summary: In the GM/Ford action, AARC filed suit under the Audio Home Recording Act (AHRA) for alleged violations of the Act. A second, substantially similar lawsuit was filed by AARC against FCA and Mitsubishi. The district court...

Woodhull Freedom Foundation v. United States  
Date: January 24, 2020
Docket Number: 18-5298

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit reversed the district court's order dismissing, based on lack of subject matter jurisdiction, a pre-enforcement challenge to the Allow States and Victims to Fight Online Sex Trafficking Act (FOSTA), brough...

United States v. Garcia Sota  
Date: January 21, 2020
Docket Number: 17-3091

Justia Opinion Summary: After apprehension and extradition to the United States, defendants were convicted each on four counts: two counts under 18 U.S.C. 1114, which criminalizes the killing of an officer or employee of the United States; one...

Grand Canyon Trust v. Bernhardt  
Date: January 17, 2020
Docket Number: 18-5232

Justia Opinion Summary: The Trust appealed the district court's decision finding that the Trust failed to show that its Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) suit caused the agencies to change their positions. In this case, the Trust requested reco...

Holland v. Arch Coal, Inc.  
Date: January 17, 2020
Docket Number: 18-7159

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit held that the Coal Industry Retiree Health Benefit Act of 1992 (Coal Act) required Arch Coal, as a person related to a 1988 last signatory operator (LSO), to provide security, and the security previously p...

Smith v. Malaysia Airlines Berhad  
Date: January 10, 2020
Docket Number: 18-7193

Justia Opinion Summary: This appeal arose out of the unexplained disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370 somewhere over the Southern Indian Ocean in the early hours of March 8, 2014. Representatives of many of the passengers filed suit...

American Anti-Vivisection Society v. United States Department of Agriculture  
Date: January 10, 2020
Docket Number: 19-5015

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit reversed the district court's grant of the USDA's motion to dismiss, based on failure to state a claim, an action brought under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) by two animal-rights groups, alleging...

Western Oilfields Supply Co. v. Secretary of Labor  
Date: January 7, 2020
Docket Number: 18-1296

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit denied Rain for Rent's petition for review of a $116 fine under the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977. Rain for Rent was given a citation after an employee forgot to set the parking brake on a com...

United States v. Marshall  
Date: January 7, 2020
Docket Number: 18-3012

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit affirmed defendant's conviction for six counts of sex trafficking and related crimes against minors, rejecting his claims of ineffective assistance of counsel. The court held that the existing record left...

United States v. Carr  
Date: January 7, 2020
Docket Number: 18-3053

Justia Opinion Summary: The DC Circuit affirmed the district court's holding that defendant's prior bank robbery convictions were crimes of violence and affirmed the denial of defendant's motion for post-conviction relief. The court need not re...