Supreme Court of Virginia Decisions

The appellate jurisdiction of the Virginia Supreme Court is largely discretionary. A party may appeal from a lower court to the Supreme Court as a matter of right only if a case involves the death penalty, the disbarment of an attorney, or the State Corporation Commission. In addition to its appellate jurisdiction, the Supreme Court holds original jurisdiction over writs of mandamus, prohibition, habeas corpus, and actual innocence. Its original jurisdiction also extends to matters related to the discipline, removal, or retirement of judges, which are filed by the Virginia Judicial Inquiry and Review Commission.

Seven justices serve on the Virginia Supreme Court, which is located in Richmond. A candidate may submit a pre-appointment application to the Governor of Virginia, or an organization may nominate a candidate. Virginia uses the legislative selection method to appoint its justices. In most cases, therefore, a justice will announce that they plan to retire after the next meeting of the General Assembly. If a vacancy arises without notice while the legislature is not in session, the Governor has the authority to appoint a temporary replacement. The General Assembly then will need to determine whether to grant a full term to that justice when it next meets.

Each justice serves a term of 12 years. When their term expires, the General Assembly will determine whether to retain them. Virginia imposes a mandatory retirement age of 70 on its justices. However, the Supreme Court may allow up to five retired justices to serve one-year terms as senior justices. They may assist with reviewing writs and may review other cases if an active justice is not available, such as when they are recused.

Browse Opinions From the Supreme Court of Virginia

Recent Decisions From the Supreme Court of Virginia
AV Automotive, LLC v. Gebreyessus  
Date: September 15, 2022
Docket Number: 210320

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed in part and reversed and remanded in part the judgment of the circuit court awarding sanctions against Plaintiffs, holding that the circuit court erred in awarding the total amount of the…

Fines v. Rappahannock Area Community Services Bd.  
Date: September 8, 2022
Docket Number: 210501

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the decision of the circuit court dismissing Appellant's claims against the Rappahannock Area Community Services Board (RACSB) based on its determination that RACSB was a municipal corporation…

Appalachian Power Co. v. State Corp. Commission  
Date: August 18, 2022
Docket Numbers: 210391, 210634

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed in part and reversed in part rulings made by the State Corporation Commission during its triennial review of Appalachian Power Company's rates, terms, and conditions pursuant to Va. Code…

Office of the Attorney General v. State Corporation Commission
Date: August 18, 2022
Docket Number: 210634
Ames Center, L.C. v. Soho Arlington, LLC  
Date: August 18, 2022
Docket Number: 210640

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court vacated the order of the circuit court holding that no justiciable dispute existed between the parties following the court's holding that the plaintiff qualified as a third-party beneficiary of a 1973…

Hill v. Commonwealth  
Date: August 11, 2022
Docket Number: 210569

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the court of appeals affirming the judgment of the circuit court finding Appellant in violation of probation and sentencing him to serve the balance of his previously suspended…

Haley v. Virginia State Bar
Date: August 11, 2022
Docket Number: 220113
Commonwealth v. Kilpatrick  
Date: August 4, 2022
Docket Number: 210530

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the court of appeals reversing Defendant's conviction of three counts of computer solicitation of a minor, first offense, and two counts of computer solicitation of a minor,…

Coxcom, LLC v. Fairfax County  
Date: July 14, 2022
Docket Number: 210568

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the circuit court denying a refund of Business and Professional Occupational License (BPOL) taxes Coxcom, LLC paid to Fairfax County on the grounds that the Internet Tax Freedom…

Patterson v. City of Danville  
Date: July 7, 2022
Docket Number: 210509

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the circuit court granting Defendant's plea in bar to Plaintiff's negligence claim on the ground that he was protected by derivative sovereign immunity and granting Defendant's…

City of Charlottesville v. Regulus Books, LLC  
Date: June 9, 2022
Docket Number: 210414

Justia Opinion Summary: Regulus, an LLC solely owned by Klug, is the holding company for all the rights, transactions, and income related to Klug’s literary works, which include several internationally-received legal fiction novels. In 2018,…

Marsh v. Roanoke City (ORDER)
Date: June 9, 2022
Docket Number: 210560
Seymour v. Roanoke County Board of Supervisors  
Date: June 9, 2022
Docket Number: 210721

Justia Opinion Summary: Southwest Virginia Wildlife Center of Roanoke (SVWC) provides medical and rehabilitative care to 2,000 animals each year. SVWC is located at the end of a shared private easement that is approximately 476 feet long; the…

Board of Supervisors v. Route 29, LLC  
Date: June 2, 2022
Docket Number: 201523

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the circuit court finding in favor of the owner of rezoned property who claimed that the triggering of a conditional proffer operated as an unconstitutional condition, holding…

Edwards v. Omni International Services, Inc.  
Date: May 26, 2022
Docket Number: 201329

Justia Opinion Summary: In this personal injury case, the Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the circuit court sustaining Defendant's plea in bar and dismissing this case with prejudice, holding that the date of Plaintiff's second filing…

The opinions published on Justia State Caselaw are sourced from individual state court sites. These court opinions may not be the official published versions, and you should check your local court rules before citing to them. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site, or the information linked to on the state site.