Florida Supreme Court Decisions

In addition to hearing appeals from the Florida District Courts of Appeal, the Florida Supreme Court has jurisdiction over several other types of cases. Under Article V, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution, it has mandatory jurisdiction over appeals in cases involving the death penalty or public utilities, as well as discretionary jurisdiction over appeals in cases involving the state constitution. The Court also has the authority to issue certain writs, such as writs of habeas corpus, mandamus, and prohibition.

The Florida Supreme Court consists of seven justices, who serve six-year terms. To serve on the Court, a candidate must be no older than 74 years old, a resident of Florida, registered to vote in Florida, and a member of the Florida State Bar for at least the last 10 years. Florida uses the assisted appointment method to select new justices. First, the Florida Supreme Court Judicial Nominating Commission selects three to six candidates. The Governor of Florida appoints the nine members of the Commission, and each of them serves a four-year term. The Governor chooses four of the members from lists of nominees created by the leadership of the Florida Bar Association.

The Governor then selects the new justice from the list provided by the Commission. However, the justice will face a retention vote in the first general election that occurs at least one year after their appointment. There are only two ways in which a justice may be removed before the end of their term. They may be removed if they are impeached by the Florida House of Representatives in a two-thirds vote and convicted by the Florida State Senate, also in a two-thirds vote. Alternatively, a justice may be removed by the Florida Supreme Court upon the recommendation of the Florida Judicial Qualifications Commission. A justice may face more moderate discipline or retirement upon the recommendation of the Commission as well.

Browse Opinions From the Florida Supreme Court

Recent Decisions From the Florida Supreme Court
Truehill v. State  
Date: September 29, 2022
Docket Number: SC20-1589

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the order of the circuit court denying Quentin Marcus Truehill's postconviction motion filed pursuant to Fla. R. Crim. P. 3.851 and denied Truehill's petition for a writ of habeas corpus,…

In Re: Amendments to Florida Rule of Criminal Procedure 3.790
Date: September 22, 2022
Docket Number: SC22-1033
Mosley v. State  
Date: September 15, 2022
Docket Number: SC20-195

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court held that John F. Mosley, who was resentenced to death for the murder of his ten-month-old son after a second penalty phase trial, was entitled to a new Spencer hearing and sentencing hearing but was…

In Re: Amendment to Florida Family Law Rule of Procedure 12.200
Date: September 15, 2022
Docket Number: SC22-574
Davis v. State  
Date: September 8, 2022
Docket Number: SC20-1282

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court quashed the decision of the court of appeal determining that Appellant's motion for disqualification was legally sufficient but that the trial judge's failure to grant the motion did not require…

In Re: Amendments to the Florida Evidence Code
Date: September 8, 2022
Docket Number: SC22-1040
Gordon v. State  
Date: September 1, 2022
Docket Number: SC20-284

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed Defendant's convictions and sentences of death for the first-degree murders of Patricia Moran and Deborah Royal, holding that Defendant was not entitled to relief on his allegations of…

State v. Mullens  
Date: August 31, 2022
Docket Number: SC19-1587

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the postconviction court partially granting Defendant's motion to vacate his first-degree murder convictions and sentences of death pursuant to Fla. R. Crim. P. 3.851, holding…

State v. Garcia  
Date: August 25, 2022
Docket Number: SC19-1870

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court quashed the decision of the Fourth District Court of Appeal affirming Defendant's conviction for arson but finding that his due process rights were violated during sentencing and remanding for…

Mintz Truppman, P.A. v. Cozen O'Connor, PLC  
Date: August 25, 2022
Docket Number: SC20-1225

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court quashed the decision of the court of appeal issuing a writ of prohibition to prevent the circuit court from exercising jurisdiction over certain claims, holding that the court of appeal erred in issuing…

Conage v. United States  
Date: August 25, 2022
Docket Number: SC20-1441

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court held that a completed purchase of illegal drugs necessarily entails the defendant purchaser's possession of those drugs, as federal law defines possession, and a purchase is not necessarily complete as…

1944 Beach Boulevard, LLC v. Live Oak Banking Co.  
Date: August 25, 2022
Docket Number: SC21-1717

Justia Opinion Summary: In this case involving the interpretation of Fla. Stat. 679.5061(3) the Supreme Court held that a financing statement that fails correctly to name the debtors, as required by Florida law, is seriously misleading and…

Covington v. State  
Date: August 25, 2022
Docket Numbers: SC21-295, SC21-295

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the postconviction court denying Defendant's motion to vacate his convictions and sentences, including three convictions for first-degree murder and three sentences of death,…

In Re: Amendments to Florida Rules of Civil Procedure 1.530 and 1.535
Date: August 25, 2022
Docket Number: SC22-115
The opinions published on Justia State Caselaw are sourced from individual state court sites. These court opinions may not be the official published versions, and you should check your local court rules before citing to them. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site, or the information linked to on the state site.