Florida Supreme Court Decisions 2019

Newberry v. State  
Date: December 12, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-1133

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed Defendant's sentence of death for the first-degree murder of Terrese Pernell Stevens, holding that Defendant was not entitled to relief on his allegations of error. Specifically, the Court hel...

Matthews v. State  
Date: December 12, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-9

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the postconviction court denying Defendant's guilt phase claims in his initial postconviction motion filed under Fla. R. Crim. P. 3.851, holding that the postconviction court di...

In re: Amendments to Florida Rule of Judicial Administration 2.240
Date: December 12, 2019
Docket Number: SC19-1932
State v. Ivey  
Date: December 5, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-372

Justia Opinion Summary: In answering a question certified by the First District Court of Appeal the Supreme Court considered whether defense counsel's objection to a peremptory strike was properly renewed before the jury was sworn. The questio...

Jordan v. State  
Date: December 5, 2019
Docket Numbers: SC18-899, SC18-2012

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the order of the trial court denying Defendant relief from his conviction and denied Defendant's habeas conviction, holding that Defendant was not entitled to relief. Defendant was found guilt...

Baysen v. State  
Date: December 5, 2019
Docket Number: SC19-693

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court sanctioned Defendant by directing the clerk of court to reject any future pleadings or other requests for relief submitted by Defendant related to three criminal cases, unless such filings were signed b...

In re: Standard Jury Instructions in Civil Cases - Report No. 19-02
Date: December 5, 2019
Docket Number: SC19-936
McGraw v. State  
Date: November 27, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-792

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court declined to answer a question certified by the Fourth District Court of Appeal regarding whether, under the Fourth Amendment, a warrantless blood draw of an unconscious person incapable of giving consen...

In re: Certification of Need for Additional Judges
Date: November 27, 2019
Docket Number: SC19-1907
Calhoun v. State  
Date: November 21, 2019
Docket Numbers: SC18-340, SC18-1174

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the order of the circuit court denying John Mack Sketo Calhoun's motion to vacate his conviction of first-degree murder filed under Fla. R. Crim. P. 3.851 and denied Calhoun's petition for a wr...

Rodgers v. State  
Date: November 21, 2019
Docket Number: SC19-241

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the circuit court summarily denying as untimely Appellant's successive postconviction motion filed pursuant to Fla. R. Crim. P. 3.851, holding that Appellant's motion was time b...

Inquiry Concerning Judge Robin C. Lemonidis  
Date: November 14, 2019
Docket Number: SC19-1302

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court approved the recommended sanctions of the Florida Judicial Qualifications Commission (JQC) concerning misconduct by Judge Robin C. Lemonidis of the Eighteenth Judicial Circuit, accepted a stipulation en...

In Re: Amendments to the Florida Rules of Traffic Court - Rule 6.040
Date: November 14, 2019
Docket Number: SC19-1665
Dailey v. State  
Date: November 12, 2019
Docket Numbers: SC19-1780, SC19-1797

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the order of the circuit court dismissing in part and denying in part James Dailey's third successive motion for postconviction relief and also denied Dailey's motion for stay of execution and...

The Florida Bar v. Jonathan Stephen Schwartz
Date: November 7, 2019
Docket Number: SC17-1391
Brant v. State  
Date: November 7, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-1061

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the order of the circuit court summarily denying Appellant's successive motion for postconviction relief, holding that the circuit court properly denied relief. Appellant pleaded guilty to fir...

Bell v. State  
Date: November 7, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-1713

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the circuit court's summary denial of Appellant's second successive motion for postconviction relief, holding that the petition was both untimely and procedurally barred. Appellant was convict...

In Re: Amendments to Florida Rule of Judicial Administration 2.420
Date: November 7, 2019
Docket Number: SC19-1049
Mallet v. State  
Date: October 10, 2019
Docket Number: SC19-1038

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court denied Petitioner's petition to invoke this Court's discretionary jurisdiction, holding that the Florida Constitution does not authorize the Supreme Court to review cases that "may present federal issue...

Dailey v. State  
Date: October 3, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-557

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the order of the circuit court denying in part and dismissing in part Defendant's second successive motion for postconviction relief filed under Fla. R. Crim. P. 3.851, holding that Defendant w...

Julianne M. Holt, etc. v. Michael Edward Keetley, et al.
Date: September 5, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-1171
Rogers v. State  
Date: September 5, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-150

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed Defendant's conviction and death sentence for first-degree murder, holding that Defendant was not entitled to relief on any of his allegations of error. Specifically, the Court held (1) the ju...

The Florida Bar v. Dennis L. Horton
Date: August 29, 2019
Docket Number: SC17-782
Harris v. Inch  
Date: August 29, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-1984

Justia Opinion Summary: Based on Gregory Harris's persistent history of filing pro se petitions that were meritless or otherwise inappropriate for the Supreme Court's review, the Supreme Court held that Harris had abused the judicial process an...

Donald Otis Williams v. State of Florida
Date: August 29, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-2081
Williams v. Inch  
Date: August 29, 2019
Docket Number: SC19-287

Justia Opinion Summary: Based on Donald Williams' persistent history of filing pro se petitions that were meritless or otherwise inappropriate for the Supreme Court's review, the Supreme Court held that Williams had abused the judicial process...

Bowles v. State  
Date: August 13, 2019
Docket Numbers: SC19-1184, SC19-1264

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the order of the postconviction court summarily denying Gary Ray Bowles' successive motion for postconviction relief filed under Fla. R. Crim. P. 3.851 and denied Bowles' petition for a writ of...

In Re: Amendments to Florida Rule of Judicial Administration 2.230
Date: July 11, 2019
Docket Number: SC19-533
In Re: Amendments to Rule Regulating The Florida Bar 4-7.14
Date: June 27, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-2019
In Re: Amendments to Florida Rule of Judicial Administration 2.420
Date: June 27, 2019
Docket Number: SC19-1049
Jackson v. State  
Date: June 13, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-1531

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court held that through persistent filing of nonmeritorious requests for relief, Mark Jackson had abused the judicial process and, accordingly, directed the Clerk of Court to reject any future pleadings, docu...

Florida Industrial Power Users Group v. Brown  
Date: June 13, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-226

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the order of the Florida Public Service Commission approving a request made by Florida Power and Light (FPL) for the recovery of costs through base rates for eight solar energy centers (the SoB...

Shine v. State  
Date: June 13, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-688

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court quashed the decision of the Third District on the issue of whether a defendant is entitled to a de novo sentencing proceeding after an appellate court determines that the trial court's initial downward...

D.M., etc. v. M.D., etc.
Date: June 6, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-1372
Wetzel v. State  
Date: June 6, 2019
Docket Number: SC19-7

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court ordered that the Clerk of Court reject any future pleadings, petitions, motions, documents, or other filings submitted by Larry R. Wetzel that were related to his criminal case, holding that that Wetzel...

In Re: Amendments to the Florida Evidence Code
Date: May 23, 2019
Docket Number: SC19-107
Long v. State  
Date: May 17, 2019
Docket Number: SC19-726

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the postconviction court's order denying Appellant's third successive motion for postconviction relief filed under Fla. R. Crim. P. 3.851, holding that the postconviction court did not err in d...

In Re: Amendments to Florida Rule of Civil Procedure 1.220
Date: May 16, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-1176
Barber v. State  
Date: April 25, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-1739

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court sanctioned Larry Barber by directing the Clerk of Court to reject any future pleadings or other requests for relief submitted by Barber that were related to a certain criminal case unless such filings w...

Citizens of State of Florida v. Brown  
Date: April 25, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-213

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the Florida Public Service Commission (PSC) allowing the Florida Power and Light Company (FPL) to recover certain environmental compliance costs from ratepayers pursuant to Fla....

Israel v. DeSantis  
Date: April 23, 2019
Docket Number: SC19-552

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the order of the circuit court dismissing Scott Israel's petition for writ of quo warranto challenging Governor Ron DeSantis's authority to suspend him from office in an executive order, holdin...

Marie Ann Glass v. Nationstar Mortgage, LLC, etc., et al.
Date: April 18, 2019
Docket Number: SC17-1387
Halifax Hospital Medical Center v. State  
Date: April 18, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-683

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed a circuit court judgment denying validation of revenue bonds, holding that Halifax Hospital Medical Center, a special tax district, was not authorized to carry out the project for which it soug...

Orange County v. Singh  
Date: April 18, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-79

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court granted Respondents' joint motion to recall mandate, withdrew its opinion dated January 4, 2019, and substituted this opinion in its place, holding that the Fifth District Court of Appeal properly affir...

Inquiry Concerning Judge Ernest A. Kollra  
Date: April 18, 2019
Docket Number: SC19-253

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the findings and recommendation of the Florida Judicial Qualifications Commission (JQC) concerning misconduct by Judge Ernest Kollra of the Seventeenth Judicial Circuit and a stipulation entere...

Jackson v. DeSantis  
Date: April 16, 2019
Docket Number: SC19-329

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court denied Petitioner's petition for a writ of quo warranto, which Petitioner filed after the Governor suspended her as Superintendent of Schools for Okaloosa County, holding that the Governor did not excee...

In Re: Standard Jury Instructions in Criminal Cases - Report 2018-14
Date: April 11, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-2030
Inquiry Concerning a Judge Dennis Daniel Bailey  
Date: April 11, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-2060

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the stipulation entered into between Judge Dennis Daniel Bailey and the Judicial Qualifications Commission that stipulated that Judge Bailey violated the Code of Judicial Conduct and should be...

Wetzel v. Travelers Companies, Inc.  
Date: April 4, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-2109

Justia Opinion Summary: After denying Plaintiff's petition for a writ of mandamus the Supreme Court sanctioned Plaintiff, holding that Plaintiff abused the judicial process and burdened the Court's limited judicial resources. Plaintiff was th...

Allen v. State  
Date: January 7, 2019
Docket Number: SC17-1623

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the order of the circuit court denying Appellant’s motion for postconviction relief filed under Fla. R. Crim. P. 3.851, holding, among other things, that Appellant’s attorney was not ineffectiv...

Thompson v. State  
Date: January 7, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-1435

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the order of the postconviction court denying Appellant’s motion filed pursuant to Fla. R. Crim. P. 3.851, holding that Hurst v. State, 202 So. 3d 40 (Fla. 2016), did not apply retroactively to...

Williams v. State  
Date: January 4, 2019
Docket Number: SC16-2170

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court approved in part and quashed in part the decision of the Second District Court of Appeal in this case and remanded the case for further proceedings, holding that the trial court erred in denying Appella...

Glass v. Nationstar Mortgage, LLC  
Date: January 4, 2019
Docket Number: SC17-1387

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court quashed the decision of the Fourth District Court of Appeal on the question of whether a voluntary dismissal provides a basis for being considered the prevailing party for the purpose of appellate attor...

Wheaton v. Wheaton  
Date: January 4, 2019
Docket Number: SC17-716

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court quashed the decision of the Third District Court of Appeal regarding whether proposals for settlement made pursuant to Fla. Stat. 768.79 and Fla. R. Civ. P. 1.442 must comply with the email service prov...

In Re: Standard Jury Instructions in Criminal Cases - Report 2018-09
Date: January 4, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-1692
Citizens for Strong Schools, Inc. v. State Board of Education  
Date: January 4, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-67

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court approved the result reached by the First District Court of Appeal affirming the trial court’s rejection of Petitioners’ challenge to the State’s K-12 public education system based on the State’s alleged...

Orange County, Florida v. Singh  
Date: January 4, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-79

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court quashed the decision of the Fifth District Court of Appeal expressly construing a provision of the Florida Constitution and upheld the validity of an ordinance proposing an amendment to the Orange Count...

Reese v. State  
Date: January 4, 2019
Docket Number: SC18-815

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the circuit court’s order denying in part and dismissing in part Appellant’s successive motion for postconviction relief filed under Fla. R. Crim. P. 3.851, holding that Appellant was not entit...

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