Supreme Court of Missouri Decisions

Founded in 1820, the Missouri Supreme Court has the discretion to review appeals of cases that involve questions of general interest or importance. It also may review an appeal if a lower court reaches a decision that conflicts with a pre-existing appellate decision, or if the Supreme Court finds that the law should be re-examined. The Court holds exclusive jurisdiction over appeals in certain types of cases, such as those involving the death penalty, challenges to the outcome of an election, or challenges to the validity of state or federal laws or provisions of the state constitution.

Of the seven members of the Missouri Supreme Court, only the Chief Justice is known as a justice, while the other six members are known as judges. Article V, Section 21 of the Missouri Constitution provides the qualifications for becoming a judge on the Court. A candidate must be at least 30 years old, a qualified voter in Missouri for at least nine years, a U.S. citizen for at least 15 years, and licensed to practice law in Missouri. A judge must retire when they reach the age of 70.

Judges are selected in a process known as the Missouri Plan. This involves a list of three candidates submitted by the Missouri Appellate Judicial Commission to the Governor of Missouri. The seven-member Commission consists of the Chief Justice of the Missouri Supreme Court, three attorneys chosen by the Missouri State Bar, and three citizens of Missouri who are appointed by the Governor. If the Governor does not choose one of the candidates provided by the Commission, the Commission will choose one of them. A newly appointed judge must go through a retention election in the first general election that occurs at least one year after their appointment. If they win this election, they will serve a 12-year term. The judges on the Missouri Supreme Court elect the Chief Justice, who serves a two-year term.

Browse Opinions From the Supreme Court of Missouri

Recent Decisions From the Supreme Court of Missouri
Brockington v. New Horizons Enterprises, LLC  
Date: November 22, 2022
Docket Number: SC99512

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the circuit court entering summary judgment for Employer and dismissing Employee's class action claiming that Employer violated the Missouri Prevailing Wage Act by failing to…

Petersen v. State  
Date: November 22, 2022
Docket Number: SC99522

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the circuit court convicting Defendant of driving while intoxicated as a persistent offender and sentencing him to four years' imprisonment, suspended in favor of supervised…

In re: Lorenzo Antoine Hester, Respondent.
Date: November 22, 2022
Docket Number: SC99550
LaBlanche v. Director of Revenue  
Date: November 1, 2022
Docket Number: SC99238

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the administrative hearing commission (AHC) denying the complaint brought by Plaintiff, as personal representative of the estate of James Townsend, that the director of the…

Saddle & Sirloin Club of Kansas City v. Director of Revenue  
Date: November 1, 2022
Docket Number: SC99453

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the Administrative Hearing Commission that Saddle and Sirloin Club of Kansas City was not entitled to a refund of sales tax on monthly membership dues paid by Club members…

American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees, AFL-CIO, Council 61 v. State  
Date: October 4, 2022
Docket Number: SC99179

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the circuit court in favor of several unions (Unions) and issuing a permanent injunction enjoining the State from altering existing collective bargaining agreements with the…

Beyond Housing, Inc. v. Director of Revenue  
Date: September 13, 2022
Docket Number: SC99051

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the administrative hearing commission (AHC) finding beyond Housing, Inc. and Pagedale Town Center II, LLC (PTC II) qualify for sales and use tax exemptions as charitable…

Central Trust Bank v. Branch  
Date: September 13, 2022
Docket Number: SC99297

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the circuit court in favor of Barbara and Alexis Branch on the Central Trust Bank's petition for a deficiency judgment in relation to a promissory note and security agreement…

Carfax, Inc. v. Director of Revenue  
Date: September 13, 2022
Docket Number: SC99367

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court vacated the decision of the Administrative Hearing Commission (AHC) that the purchases by Carfax, Inc. of certain equipment used to create vehicle history reports (VHRs) were exempt from sales and use…

State ex rel. Swoboda v. Missouri Commission on Human Rights  
Date: August 9, 2022
Docket Number: SC99000

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the circuit court issuing a permanent writ of mandamus in favor of Jim Swoboda, holding that the circuit court's decision was erroneous because Swoboda failed to establish that…

Johnson v. Icet  
Date: August 9, 2022
Docket Number: SC99441

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court vacated the judgment of the circuit court that the solar energy system owned by Springfield Solar 1, LLC was tax-exempt as a "solar energy system not held for resale" pursuant to Mo. Rev. Stat.…

Schlafly v. Cori  
Date: July 26, 2022
Docket Number: SC99358

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the circuit court dismissing Son's action alleging that Daughter engaged in an abuse of process by filing a suit to invalidate portions of the Phyllis Schlafly Revocable Trust,…

March v. Treasurer of Missouri  
Date: July 26, 2022
Docket Number: SC99381

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the Labor and Industrial Relations Commission denying Claimant's claim for permanent total disability (PTD) benefits from the Second Injury Fund, holding that the Commission…

Bridgecrest Acceptance Corp. v. Donaldson  
Date: July 12, 2022
Docket Numbers: SC99269, SC99270

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the rulings of the circuit court denying Bridgecrest Acceptance Corporation's motions to dismiss or stay the counterclaims against it and to compel the matters to arbitration pursuant to an…

Poke v. Independence School District  
Date: July 12, 2022
Docket Number: SC99384

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the circuit court dismissing Plaintiff's complaint against Independence School District alleging that he had been fired in retaliation for filing a workers' compensation claim,…

The opinions published on Justia State Caselaw are sourced from individual state court sites. These court opinions may not be the official published versions, and you should check your local court rules before citing to them. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site, or the information linked to on the state site.