Supreme Court of Missouri Decisions

Founded in 1820, the Missouri Supreme Court has the discretion to review appeals of cases that involve questions of general interest or importance. It also may review an appeal if a lower court reaches a decision that conflicts with a pre-existing appellate decision, or if the Supreme Court finds that the law should be re-examined. The Court holds exclusive jurisdiction over appeals in certain types of cases, such as those involving the death penalty, challenges to the outcome of an election, or challenges to the validity of state or federal laws or provisions of the state constitution.

Of the seven members of the Missouri Supreme Court, only the Chief Justice is known as a justice, while the other six members are known as judges. Article V, Section 21 of the Missouri Constitution provides the qualifications for becoming a judge on the Court. A candidate must be at least 30 years old, a qualified voter in Missouri for at least nine years, a U.S. citizen for at least 15 years, and licensed to practice law in Missouri. A judge must retire when they reach the age of 70.

Judges are selected in a process known as the Missouri Plan. This involves a list of three candidates submitted by the Missouri Appellate Judicial Commission to the Governor of Missouri. The seven-member Commission consists of the Chief Justice of the Missouri Supreme Court, three attorneys chosen by the Missouri State Bar, and three citizens of Missouri who are appointed by the Governor. If the Governor does not choose one of the candidates provided by the Commission, the Commission will choose one of them. A newly appointed judge must go through a retention election in the first general election that occurs at least one year after their appointment. If they win this election, they will serve a 12-year term. The judges on the Missouri Supreme Court elect the Chief Justice, who serves a two-year term.

Browse Opinions From the Supreme Court of Missouri

Recent Decisions From the Supreme Court of Missouri
Calzone v. Interim Commissioner of the Department of Elementary and Secondary Education Roger Dorson  
Date: October 1, 2019
Docket Numbers: SC97132, SC97211

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the circuit court affirming the constitutional validity of Senate Bill. No. 638 (SB 638) and Senate Bill 665 (SB 665), holding that the bills do not violate Mo. Const. art. III,...

State ex rel. Zellers v. Honorable Stacey  
Date: October 1, 2019
Docket Number: SC97787

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court made permanent a preliminary writ of prohibition prohibiting the Jefferson County circuit court from taking any further action except to transfer the underlying action to Cole County, where venue was pr...

Greene v. State  
Date: September 3, 2019
Docket Number: SC96973

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the motion court overruling Defendant's Rule 29.15 motion for post conviction relief without an evidentiary hearing, holding that Defendant failed to plead facts showing his cou...

Trustees of Clayton Terrace Subdivision, v. 6 Clayton Terrace, LLC  
Date: August 13, 2019
Docket Number: SC97349

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed in part the circuit court's judgment upholding Jeanette Huey's sale of her home located in the Clayton Terrace subdivision and holding the "one residence per lot" subdivision indenture provisio...

Henry v. Piatchek  
Date: August 13, 2019
Docket Number: SC97385

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the circuit court overruling Appellant's Rule 75.06(b) motion to set aside the dismissal of a wrongful death suit filed by his deceased son's grandmother and the overruling of h...

D.C.M. v. Pemiscot County Juvenile Office  
Date: August 13, 2019
Docket Number: SC97595

Justia Opinion Summary: In this appeal from the circuit court's finding that D.C.M. committed an act that, if committed by an adult, would have constituted the felony of making a terrorist threat in the second degree, the Supreme Court remanded...

Eoff v. McDonald  
Date: August 13, 2019
Docket Number: SC97640

Justia Opinion Summary: In this medical negligence action, the Supreme Court affirmed the judgment against Plaintiffs following a jury verdict in favor of Defendants, holding that the circuit court did not commit reversible error when it refuse...

Meadowfresh Solutions USA, LLC v. Maple Grove Farms, LLC  
Date: August 13, 2019
Docket Number: SC97689

Justia Opinion Summary: After the court of appeals dismissed Appellant's appeal from the circuit court's order overruling its motion, the Supreme Court retransferred this case to the court of appeals to review the underlying merits of the circu...

State v. Barnett  
Date: July 16, 2019
Docket Number: SC96138

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court vacated the judgment of the circuit court convicting Defendant of first-degree assault and armed criminal action, holding that the circuit court erred in failing to submit a self-defense instruction....

State v. Wood  
Date: July 16, 2019
Docket Number: SC96924

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the circuit court finding Defendant guilty of the first-degree murder of a ten-year-old girl and sentencing him to death, holding that none of Defendant's assignments of error w...

State ex rel. Cedar Crest Apartments, LLC v. Honorable Jack Grate  
Date: July 16, 2019
Docket Number: SC96977

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court made permanent a preliminary writ of prohibition it issued directing the circuit court to dismiss Plaintiff's claims against Relators for lack of personal jurisdiction, holding that Plaintiff failed to...

Johnson v. State  
Date: July 16, 2019
Docket Number: SC97330

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the motion court accepting Defendant's guilty plea to first-degree murder, first-degree robbery, and armed criminal action and sentencing him to life imprisonment without the po...

Business Aviation, LLC v. Director of Revenue  
Date: July 16, 2019
Docket Number: SC97475

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the decision of the Administrative Hearing Commission (AHC) assessing use tax, additions to tax, and interest against Appellants, Business Aviation LLC and its members, as a result of Business...

Missouri Coalition for Environment v. State  
Date: July 16, 2019
Docket Number: SC97591

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the circuit court dismissing the petition filed by the Missouri Coalition for the Environment and one of its members (collectively, the Coalition) seeking a declaratory judgment...

The opinions published on Justia State Caselaw are sourced from individual state court sites. These court opinions may not be the official published versions, and you should check your local court rules before citing to them. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site, or the information linked to on the state site.