Seven justices serve on the Michigan Supreme Court, which focuses on reviewing decisions in the Michigan Court of Appeals. The Court oversees all of the lower courts in the state judicial system, and it has created the Michigan Rules of Court to govern their operation. It also has jurisdiction over cases involving alleged judicial misconduct. In some unusual situations, such as bypass appeals, the Court may hold original jurisdiction.
To serve on the Michigan Supreme Court, a candidate must be younger than 70, which is the mandatory retirement age in Michigan. They also must have been licensed to practice law in Michigan for at least five years. Each justice serves an eight-year term. They are elected in non-partisan elections, which means that their party affiliation does not appear on the ballot. The justices elect one of their members to serve as the Chief Justice every two years. If a seat becomes vacant before the end of a justice’s term, the Governor of Michigan will appoint a temporary justice to fill that seat. Their tenure will last until the next general election, when they must win an election to stay on the Court.
A justice may be removed from the Michigan Supreme Court through an impeachment process. This requires a majority vote by the Michigan House of Representatives and a two-thirds vote of conviction by the Michigan Senate. In other cases, the Governor may remove a justice from the Court based on a concurrent resolution by two-thirds of the members of both the House of Representatives and the Senate. In contrast to many states, a justice on the Michigan Supreme Court may not be removed based on a recommendation by the Judicial Tenure Commission. Only judges in lower courts may be removed in this manner.
Skanska USA Building, Inc. v. M.A.P. Mechanical Contractors, Inc. (Opinion - Leave Granted)
Date: June 29, 2020
Justia Opinion Summary: Plaintiff Skanska USA Building Inc. served as the construction manager on a renovation project for Mid-Michigan Medical Center–Midland (the Medical Center); plaintiff subcontracted the heating and cooling portion of the...
Plaintiff v. Defendant
Date: June 22, 2020
Justia Opinion Summary: Arthur Jemison was convicted by jury of first-degree sexual assault, comitted in 1996. The victim underwent a forensic examination in 1996, and evidence was collected for a rape kit at that time. But the rape kit was not...
TOMRA of North America, Inc. v. Dept. of Treasury (Opinion - Leave Granted)
Date: June 16, 2020
Justia Opinion Summary: Plaintiff TOMRA of North America, Inc., brought two separate actions in the Court of Claims against the Michigan Department of Treasury, seeking a refund for use tax and sales tax that plaintiff had paid on the basis tha...
Honigman Miller Schwartz & Cohn, LLP v. City of Detroit (Opinion on Application)
Date: May 18, 2020
Justia Opinion Summary: Honigman Miller Schwartz and Cohn LLP filed a petition in the Tax Tribunal, challenging the income tax assessments issued by the city of Detroit for the tax years 2010 through 2014. The firm argued that under MCL 141.623...
Michigan v. Wang (Opinion on Application - Partial Affirm / Reverse)
Date: May 13, 2020
Justia Opinion Summary: After a bench trial, Xun Wang was convicted of two counts of Medicaid fraud, and one count of unauthorized practice of a health profession. Defendant earned a medical degree in her native China, and earned a Ph.D. in bas...
Foster v. Foster (Opinion - Leave Granted)
Date: April 29, 2020
Justia Opinion Summary: Deborah Foster sought to enforce a consent judgment of divorce (the consent judgment) between herself and ex-husband Ray Foster. The consent judgment provided that Ray would pay Deborah 50% of his military disposable ret...
Michigan v. Warren (Opinion on Application)
Date: April 29, 2020
Justia Opinion Summary: Kelly Warren pleaded guilty to two separate charges of operating a vehicle while intoxicated, third offense (OWI-3rd) in exchange for the dismissal of other criminal charges against him and of the sentence enhancement to...
DeRuiter v. Township of Byron (Opinion on Application)
Date: April 27, 2020
Justia Opinion Summary: Christie DeRuiter, a registered qualifying medical marijuana patient and a registered primary caregiver to qualifying patients, brought an action in the Kent Circuit Court against Byron Township, alleging that the townsh...
In re Reliability Plans of Electric Utilities for 2017-2021 (Opinion on Application)
Date: April 2, 2020
Justia Opinion Summary: The Association of Businesses Advocating Tariff Equity (ABATE) (Docket Nos. 158305 and 158306) and Energy Michigan, Inc. (Docket Nos. 158307 and 158308) each appealed an order of the Michigan Public Service Commission (M...
Michigan v. Reichard (Opinion on Application)
Date: March 30, 2020
Justia Opinion Summary: Tiffany Reichard was bound over to Circuit Court on a charge of open murder under a felony-murder theory for having aided and abetted her boyfriend in an armed robbery during which he stabbed a man to death. Defendant mo...
Michigan v. Sammons (Opinion on Application)
Date: March 16, 2020
Justia Opinion Summary: Travis Sammons was convicted by jury of conspiracy to commit murder in connection with the shooting death of Humberto Casas. DyJuan Jones and Rosei Watkins witnessed the shooting, which occurred on a street around 1 p.m....
Michigan v. Rajput (Opinion on Application)
Date: January 24, 2020
Justia Opinion Summary: Nadeem Rajput was convicted of second-degree murder. Defendant was driving his vehicle with another man, known only as Haus, as a passenger. The victim was driving a red Malibu with her boyfriend, Dewayne Clay, as a pass...
Maniaci v. Diroff (Opinion on Application)
Date: November 21, 2019
Justia Opinion Summary: Pursuant to a June 18, 2015 consent judgment, the defendants conveyed an easement across Parcel B for ingress and egress access to and from the Tittabawassee River to plaintiff Jeffrey Maniaci, and others. The consent ju...