Michigan Supreme Court Decisions

Seven justices serve on the Michigan Supreme Court, which focuses on reviewing decisions in the Michigan Court of Appeals. The Court oversees all of the lower courts in the state judicial system, and it has created the Michigan Rules of Court to govern their operation. It also has jurisdiction over cases involving alleged judicial misconduct. In some unusual situations, such as bypass appeals, the Court may hold original jurisdiction.

To serve on the Michigan Supreme Court, a candidate must be younger than 70, which is the mandatory retirement age in Michigan. They also must have been licensed to practice law in Michigan for at least five years. Each justice serves an eight-year term. They are elected in non-partisan elections, which means that their party affiliation does not appear on the ballot. The justices elect one of their members to serve as the Chief Justice every two years. If a seat becomes vacant before the end of a justice’s term, the Governor of Michigan will appoint a temporary justice to fill that seat. Their tenure will last until the next general election, when they must win an election to stay on the Court.

A justice may be removed from the Michigan Supreme Court through an impeachment process. This requires a majority vote by the Michigan House of Representatives and a two-thirds vote of conviction by the Michigan Senate. In other cases, the Governor may remove a justice from the Court based on a concurrent resolution by two-thirds of the members of both the House of Representatives and the Senate. In contrast to many states, a justice on the Michigan Supreme Court may not be removed based on a recommendation by the Judicial Tenure Commission. Only judges in lower courts may be removed in this manner.

Browse Opinions From the Michigan Supreme Court

Recent Decisions From the Michigan Supreme Court
Tyler v. Finding (Opinion on Application - Partial Affirm / Reverse)  
Date: August 4, 2021
Docket Number: 162016

Justia Opinion Summary: Plaintiff B. A. Tyler filed suit against David Findling; the Findling Law Firm, PLC; and Mekel Miller, alleging that David Findling published defamatory statements to attorney Anna Wright by telling her that plaintiff an...

Michigan v. Magant (Opinion on Application - Partial Affirm / Reverse)  
Date: July 30, 2021
Docket Numbers: 159371, 159373

Justia Opinion Summary: Gerald Magnant and John Davis were each charged with violating MCL 205.428(3) of the Michigan Tobacco Products Tax Act (the TPTA), for transporting 3,000 or more cigarettes without the transporter’s license required by M...

Estate of Kelly Bowman v. St. John Hospital & Med. Ctr. (Opinion - Leave Granted)  
Date: July 30, 2021
Docket Numbers: 160291, 160292

Justia Opinion Summary: Kelly Bowman and her husband Vernon, brought a medical malpractice suit against St. John Hospital and Medical Center, Ascension Medical Group Michigan, and Tushar Parikh, M.D., alleging that Parikh erroneously advised Ke...

Michigan Unemployment Ins. Agy. v. Lucente (Opinion - Leave Granted)  
Date: July 30, 2021
Docket Numbers: 160843, 160844

Justia Opinion Summary: The Unemployment Insurance Agency (UIA) brought actions against claimants Frank Lucente and Michael Herzog, respectively, to appeal the decisions of the Michigan Compensation Appellate Commission (MCAC) that claimants w...

DOREEN ROTT V ARTHUR ROTT (Opinion on Application)
Date: July 30, 2021
Docket Number: 161051
Michigan v. Washington (Opinion on Application)  
Date: July 29, 2021
Docket Number: 160707

Justia Opinion Summary: In 2004, defendant Gregory Washington was convicted by jury of second-degree murder, two counts of assault with intent to commit murder (AWIM), possession of a firearm during the commission of a felony, and being a felon...

Michigan v. Arnold (Opinion - Leave Granted)  
Date: July 28, 2021
Docket Number: 160046

Justia Opinion Summary: Defendant Lonnie Arnold was convicted by jury of aggravated indecent exposure and indecent exposure by a sexually delinquent person. He was sentenced as a fourth-offense habitual offender to 25 to 70 years in prison for...

Taxpayers for Michigan Constitutional Govt. v. Michigan (Opinion - Leave Granted)  
Date: July 28, 2021
Docket Number: 160658

Justia Opinion Summary: Taxpayers for Michigan Constitutional Government and several individuals brought an original action to the Court of Appeals against the state of Michigan; the Department of Technology, Management, and Budget; and the Off...

Michigan v. Betts (Opinion - Leave Granted)  
Date: July 27, 2021
Docket Number: 148981

Justia Opinion Summary: Defendant Paul Betts, Jr. entered a no-contest plea to violating the registration requirements of Michigan’s Sex Offenders Registration Act (SORA), as amended by 2011 PA 17 and 18 (the 2011 SORA), conditional on his abil...

Michigan v. Allen (Opinion on Application)  
Date: July 27, 2021
Docket Number: 160594

Justia Opinion Summary: Defendant Erick Allen was convicted by jury of possessing less than 25 grams of cocaine, for which he was sentenced as a fourth-offense habitual offender to a prison term of 30 months to 15 years. Defendant was on parole...

Esurance Prop. & Casualty Ins. Co. v. Michigan Assigned Claims Plan (Opinion on Application)  
Date: July 26, 2021
Docket Number: 160592

Justia Opinion Summary: Plaintiff Esurance Property & Casualty Insurance Company (Esurance) paid personal injury protection (PIP) benefits to claimant, Roshaun Edwards (Edwards), pursuant to a no-fault automobile insurance policy, issued to ano...

Omer v. Steel Technologies Inc. (Opinion on Application)  
Date: July 21, 2021
Docket Number: 161658

Justia Opinion Summary: The defendant-employer, Steel Technologies, Inc., asked the Michigan Supreme Court to consider whether a medical professional’s conclusory declaration of a claimant’s total disability, without more, could provide compete...

Lichon v. Morse (Opinion - Leave Granted)  
Date: July 20, 2021
Docket Numbers: 159492, 159493

Justia Opinion Summary: Two former employees of Michael Morse and his firm, Michael J. Morse, PC, sued Morse for workplace sexual harassment, including sexual assault, intentional infliction of emotional distress; negligence, gross negligence,...

Smits v. Morse (Opinion - Leave Granted)
Date: July 20, 2021
Docket Number: 159493
The opinions published on Justia State Caselaw are sourced from individual state court sites. These court opinions may not be the official published versions, and you should check your local court rules before citing to them. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site, or the information linked to on the state site.