Supreme Court of Illinois Decisions

Seven justices serve on the Illinois Supreme Court, which is located in Springfield. The Court generally reviews appeals from the Illinois Appellate Court at its discretion, but it must hear an appeal when a case involves the constitutionality of a law. It also holds original jurisdiction over matters related to writs of mandamus and habeas corpus, as well as certain other narrow situations. The Chief Justice and the staff of the Supreme Court oversee the other Illinois courts. The Court works together with the Illinois legislature in making rules for the judicial branch.

To be qualified to serve as a justice on the Illinois Supreme Court, a candidate must be a U.S. citizen who is licensed to practice law in the state. They also must be a resident of the district in which they run for election. The Illinois legislature formerly required all justices (and other judges) to retire at the age of 75, but the Illinois Supreme Court struck down this rule in 2009. Justices serve 10-year terms, for which they are elected in partisan elections. Illinois is divided into five judicial districts for the purposes of these elections. The district that contains Chicago and Cook County elects three justices, while each of the other districts elects one justice. At the end of their term, a justice will receive another term if they secure at least 60 percent of the votes in a retention election. The justices of the Court elect the Chief Justice to serve a three-year term.

When a vacancy arises on the Court, the remaining justices will appoint an interim justice to fill the seat. Illinois is the only state in the U.S. that allows its state Supreme Court to make interim appointments to its own seats. To retain their seat, the interim justice must seek a full term in the first general election that is held more than 60 days after they are appointed.

Browse Opinions From the Supreme Court of Illinois

Recent Decisions From the Supreme Court of Illinois
In re Kelan W.  
Date: October 6, 2022
Citation: 2022 IL 128031
Docket Number: 128031

Justia Opinion Summary: Kelan, in Missouri with an adult accomplice, allegedly took Luterman’s 2019 Volkswagen by force or the threat of force. The two drove the car into Illinois, where they were apprehended. Kelan was 16 years old. He resides…

In re Craig H.  
Date: September 22, 2022
Citation: 2022 IL 126256
Docket Number: 126256

Justia Opinion Summary: In 2013, Craig (age 49) executed an Illinois statutory short-form health care power of attorney, appointing his mother as his agent. In 2016, Craig was hospitalized at McFarland after being charged with burglary and…

People v. Blalock  
Date: September 22, 2022
Citation: 2022 IL 126682
Docket Number: 126682

Justia Opinion Summary: In 1999, Riley was shot and killed in Chicago. Coleman made a statement to police that she saw Blalock, whom she knew from grammar school, with his hand out a car window, shooting in Riley’s direction. Coleman stated…

Strauss v. City of Chicago  
Date: September 22, 2022
Citation: 2022 IL 127149
Docket Number: 127149

Justia Opinion Summary: The building at 1572 North Milwaukee Avenue in Chicago is owned by the Corporation. Strauss was the Corporation’s president. Double Door Liquors, a music venue, was a tenant in the building. Numerous difficulties arose…

Green v. Chicago Police Department  
Date: September 22, 2022
Citation: 2022 IL 127229
Docket Number: 127229

Justia Opinion Summary: A public body has five-10 business days to respond to a request for information under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) (5 ILCS 140/3(d), (e)). In 2014, the Chicago Police Department (CPD) received FOIA requests…

Noland v. Mendoza  
Date: September 22, 2022
Citation: 2022 IL 127239
Docket Number: 127239

Justia Opinion Summary: Noland and Clayborne (plaintiffs) are former members of the General Assembly who voted for laws that reduced legislators’ salaries. After leaving office, plaintiffs filed suit, alleging that the reductions violated…

People v. Jackson  
Date: September 22, 2022
Citation: 2022 IL 127256
Docket Number: 127256

Justia Opinion Summary: Jackson was convicted of first-degree murder and attempted armed robbery. After the jury returned its signed verdict forms in open court, Jackson’s attorney asked the court to poll the jury. The circuit court then asked…

Midwest Sanitary Service, Inc. v. Sandberg, Phoenix & Von Gontard, P.C.  
Date: September 22, 2022
Citation: 2022 IL 127327
Docket Number: 127327

Justia Opinion Summary: Crane filed a complaint for retaliatory discharge, alleging that his employment with Midwest was terminated after he reported numerous health and safety violations to the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency. Crane…

Quiroz v. Chicago Transit Authority  
Date: September 22, 2022
Citation: 2022 IL 127603
Docket Number: 127603

Justia Opinion Summary: Quiroz was inside the underground subway tunnel connecting CTA stations when he fell from a recessed catwalk authorized for CTA personnel and injured himself. The area near the tracks where he fell was lit. At least two…

People v. Kastman  
Date: September 22, 2022
Citation: 2022 IL 127681
Docket Number: 127681

Justia Opinion Summary: In 1993, Kastman was charged with misdemeanor offenses based on acts of public indecency involving children and disorderly conduct. The state’s attorney initiated a civil commitment proceeding against Kastman under the…

People v. Lewis  
Date: June 24, 2022
Citation: 2022 IL 126705
Docket Number: 126705

Justia Opinion Summary: Lewis was charged with involuntary sexual servitude of a minor (720 ILCS 5/10-9(c)(2)), traveling to meet a minor (11- 26(a)), and grooming (i11-25(a)). He asserted the defense of entrapment. Convicted, he was sentenced…

Johnson v. Armstrong  
Date: June 24, 2022
Citation: 2022 IL 127942
Docket Number: 127942

Justia Opinion Summary: Johnson suffers from severe, permanent nerve damage, which he alleges was caused by a negligently performed hip replacement surgery. He sued his surgeon, Dr. Armstrong, citing specific negligence and the doctrine of res…

People v. Leib  
Date: June 16, 2022
Citation: 2022 IL 126645
Docket Number: 126645

Justia Opinion Summary: Leib was convicted of being a child sex offender in a school zone when persons under the age of 18 were present in the building or on the grounds, 720 ILCS 5/11-9.3(a), and was sentenced to one year in prison. He argued…

People v. Aljohani  
Date: June 16, 2022
Citation: 2022 IL 127037
Docket Number: 127037

Justia Opinion Summary: In 2015, Aljohani was indicted on five counts of first-degree murder in connection with the stabbing death of Talal and one count of armed robbery. The circuit court denied a motion to suppress evidence. The court…

People v. Brown  
Date: June 16, 2022
Citation: 2022 IL 127201
Docket Number: 127201

Justia Opinion Summary: In 2017, Brown was charged with violating section 2(a)(1) of the Firearm Owners Identification Card Act (430 ILCS 65/2(a)(1)), which requires a person who possesses a firearm in Illinois to have a Firearm Owners…

The opinions published on Justia State Caselaw are sourced from individual state court sites. These court opinions may not be the official published versions, and you should check your local court rules before citing to them. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site, or the information linked to on the state site.