Idaho v. ForbesAnnotate this Case
In 2003, Defendant Lonnie Forbes pled guilty to attempted lewd conduct with a minor child under sixteen years of age. The district court withheld judgment three months later and placed Defendant on probation for seven years. As a result of his plea, Defendant was required to register as a sex offender. When Defendant committed the crime, Idaho law permitted him to request to withdraw his guilty plea and have the case dismissed. The district court was given discretion to grant Defendant's request so long as Defendant complied with the terms of his probation. Three years later, the law was amended. Three years after that, Defendant's probation was amended to unsupervised probation, with all other terms of probation still in effect. In 2010 when Defendant met the requirements of his withheld judgment, he moved to set aside his guilty plea and for a restoration of his civil rights. The State opposed Defendant's motion to dismiss, but the district court granted Defendant's request. The State appealed, arguing that the change in the law governing Defendant's sentence and probation barred Defendant's ability to have his case dismissed. Upon review, the Supreme Court held that the district court erred by retroactively applying the amended law to Defendant's case. The district court's decision was vacated and the case remanded for further proceedings.