2006 Ohio Revised Code - 5123.01. Definitions.
As used in this chapter:
(A) "Chief medical officer" means the licensed physician appointed by the managing officer of an institution for the mentally retarded with the approval of the director of mental retardation and developmental disabilities to provide medical treatment for residents of the institution.
(B) "Chief program director" means a person with special training and experience in the diagnosis and management of the mentally retarded, certified according to division (C) of this section in at least one of the designated fields, and appointed by the managing officer of an institution for the mentally retarded with the approval of the director to provide habilitation and care for residents of the institution.
(C) "Comprehensive evaluation" means a study, including a sequence of observations and examinations, of a person leading to conclusions and recommendations formulated jointly, with dissenting opinions if any, by a group of persons with special training and experience in the diagnosis and management of persons with mental retardation or a developmental disability, which group shall include individuals who are professionally qualified in the fields of medicine, psychology, and social work, together with such other specialists as the individual case may require.
(D) "Education" means the process of formal training and instruction to facilitate the intellectual and emotional development of residents.
(E) "Habilitation" means the process by which the staff of the institution assists the resident in acquiring and maintaining those life skills that enable the resident to cope more effectively with the demands of the resident's own person and of the resident's environment and in raising the level of the resident's physical, mental, social, and vocational efficiency. Habilitation includes but is not limited to programs of formal, structured education and training.
(F) "Health officer" means any public health physician, public health nurse, or other person authorized or designated by a city or general health district.
(G) "Home and community-based services" means medicaid-funded home and community-based services specified in division (B)(1) of section 5111.87 of the Revised Code provided under the medicaid waiver components the department of mental retardation and developmental disabilities administers pursuant to section 5111.871 [5111.87.1] of the Revised Code.
(H) "Indigent person" means a person who is unable, without substantial financial hardship, to provide for the payment of an attorney and for other necessary expenses of legal representation, including expert testimony.
(I) "Institution" means a public or private facility, or a part of a public or private facility, that is licensed by the appropriate state department and is equipped to provide residential habilitation, care, and treatment for the mentally retarded.
(J) "Licensed physician" means a person who holds a valid certificate issued under Chapter 4731. of the Revised Code authorizing the person to practice medicine and surgery or osteopathic medicine and surgery, or a medical officer of the government of the United States while in the performance of the officer's official duties.
(K) "Managing officer" means a person who is appointed by the director of mental retardation and developmental disabilities to be in executive control of an institution for the mentally retarded under the jurisdiction of the department.
(L) "Medicaid" has the same meaning as in section 5111.01 of the Revised Code.
(M) "Medicaid case management services" means case management services provided to an individual with mental retardation or other developmental disability that the state medicaid plan requires.
(N) "Mentally retarded person" means a person having significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning existing concurrently with deficiencies in adaptive behavior, manifested during the developmental period.
(O) "Mentally retarded person subject to institutionalization by court order" means a person eighteen years of age or older who is at least moderately mentally retarded and in relation to whom, because of the person's retardation, either of the following conditions exist:
(1) The person represents a very substantial risk of physical impairment or injury to self as manifested by evidence that the person is unable to provide for and is not providing for the person's most basic physical needs and that provision for those needs is not available in the community;
(2) The person needs and is susceptible to significant habilitation in an institution.
(P) "A person who is at least moderately mentally retarded" means a person who is found, following a comprehensive evaluation, to be impaired in adaptive behavior to a moderate degree and to be functioning at the moderate level of intellectual functioning in accordance with standard measurements as recorded in the most current revision of the manual of terminology and classification in mental retardation published by the American association on mental retardation.
(Q) As used in this division, "substantial functional limitation," "developmental delay," and "established risk" have the meanings established pursuant to section 5123.011 [5123.01.1] of the Revised Code.
"Developmental disability" means a severe, chronic disability that is characterized by all of the following:
(1) It is attributable to a mental or physical impairment or a combination of mental and physical impairments, other than a mental or physical impairment solely caused by mental illness as defined in division (A) of section 5122.01 of the Revised Code.
(2) It is manifested before age twenty-two.
(3) It is likely to continue indefinitely.
(4) It results in one of the following:
(a) In the case of a person under three years of age, at least one developmental delay or an established risk;
(b) In the case of a person at least three years of age but under six years of age, at least two developmental delays or an established risk;
(c) In the case of a person six years of age or older, a substantial functional limitation in at least three of the following areas of major life activity, as appropriate for the person's age: self-care, receptive and expressive language, learning, mobility, self-direction, capacity for independent living, and, if the person is at least sixteen years of age, capacity for economic self-sufficiency.
(5) It causes the person to need a combination and sequence of special, interdisciplinary, or other type of care, treatment, or provision of services for an extended period of time that is individually planned and coordinated for the person.
(R) "Developmentally disabled person" means a person with a developmental disability.
(S) "State institution" means an institution that is tax-supported and under the jurisdiction of the department.
(T) "Residence" and "legal residence" have the same meaning as "legal settlement," which is acquired by residing in Ohio for a period of one year without receiving general assistance prior to July 17, 1995, under former Chapter 5113. of the Revised Code, financial assistance under Chapter 5115. of the Revised Code, or assistance from a private agency that maintains records of assistance given. A person having a legal settlement in the state shall be considered as having legal settlement in the assistance area in which the person resides. No adult person coming into this state and having a spouse or minor children residing in another state shall obtain a legal settlement in this state as long as the spouse or minor children are receiving public assistance, care, or support at the expense of the other state or its subdivisions. For the purpose of determining the legal settlement of a person who is living in a public or private institution or in a home subject to licensing by the department of job and family services, the department of mental health, or the department of mental retardation and developmental disabilities, the residence of the person shall be considered as though the person were residing in the county in which the person was living prior to the person's entrance into the institution or home. Settlement once acquired shall continue until a person has been continuously absent from Ohio for a period of one year or has acquired a legal residence in another state. A woman who marries a man with legal settlement in any county immediately acquires the settlement of her husband. The legal settlement of a minor is that of the parents, surviving parent, sole parent, parent who is designated the residential parent and legal custodian by a court, other adult having permanent custody awarded by a court, or guardian of the person of the minor, provided that:
(1) A minor female who marries shall be considered to have the legal settlement of her husband and, in the case of death of her husband or divorce, she shall not thereby lose her legal settlement obtained by the marriage.
(2) A minor male who marries, establishes a home, and who has resided in this state for one year without receiving general assistance prior to July 17, 1995, under former Chapter 5113. of the Revised Code, financial assistance under Chapter 5115. of the Revised Code, or assistance from a private agency that maintains records of assistance given shall be considered to have obtained a legal settlement in this state.
(3) The legal settlement of a child under eighteen years of age who is in the care or custody of a public or private child caring agency shall not change if the legal settlement of the parent changes until after the child has been in the home of the parent for a period of one year.
No person, adult or minor, may establish a legal settlement in this state for the purpose of gaining admission to any state institution.
(U) (1) "Resident" means, subject to division (R) (2) of this section, a person who is admitted either voluntarily or involuntarily to an institution or other facility pursuant to section 2945.39, 2945.40, 2945.401 [2945.40.1], or 2945.402 [2945.40.2] of the Revised Code subsequent to a finding of not guilty by reason of insanity or incompetence to stand trial or under this chapter who is under observation or receiving habilitation and care in an institution.
(2) "Resident" does not include a person admitted to an institution or other facility under section 2945.39, 2945.40, 2945.401 [2945.40.1], or 2945.402 [2945.40.2] of the Revised Code to the extent that the reference in this chapter to resident, or the context in which the reference occurs, is in conflict with any provision of sections 2945.37 to 2945.402 [2945.40.2] of the Revised Code.
(V) "Respondent" means the person whose detention, commitment, or continued commitment is being sought in any proceeding under this chapter.
(W) "Working day" and "court day" mean Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, except when such day is a legal holiday.
(X) "Prosecutor" means the prosecuting attorney, village solicitor, city director of law, or similar chief legal officer who prosecuted a criminal case in which a person was found not guilty by reason of insanity, who would have had the authority to prosecute a criminal case against a person if the person had not been found incompetent to stand trial, or who prosecuted a case in which a person was found guilty.
HISTORY: RC § 5123.68, 135 v S 336 (Eff 7-1-75); 138 v S 297 (Eff 4-30-80); RC § 5123.01, 138 v H 900 (Eff 7-1-80); 138 v H 965 (Eff 4-9-81); 139 v H 1 (Eff 8-5-81); 142 v H 231 (Eff 10-5-87); 143 v H 569 (Eff 7-1-91); 143 v S 3 (Eff 4-11-91); 144 v H 298 (Eff 7-26-91); 145 v S 21 (Eff 10-29-93); 145 v H 694 (Eff 11-11-94); 146 v H 249 (Eff 7-17-95); 146 v S 285 (Eff 7-1-97); 148 v H 471 (Eff 7-1-2000); 148 v H 538 (Eff 9-22-2000); 149 v H 94. Eff 6-6-2001; 150 v H 95, § 1, eff. 6-26-03; 151 v H 66, § 101.01, eff. 7-1-05.
The effective date is set by § 612.18 of 151 v H 66.
Not analogous to former RC § 5123.01 (GC § 1890-19; 117 v 550; 121 v 423; Bureau of Code Revision, 10-1-53), repealed 129 v 1448(1483), § 2, eff 10-25-61.
The effective date is set by section 182 of H.B. 95 (150 v - ).
Effect of Amendments
151 v H 66, effective July 1, 2005, deleted (F), defining "habilitation center services", and redesignated the remaining subsections accordingly; and inserted "waiver" in present (G).
H.B. 95, Acts 2003, effective June 26, 2003, in (H), inserted "specified in division (B)(1) of
section 5111.87 of the Revised Code," substituted "components" for "component"; in the introductory paragraph of (U) and (U)(2), substituted "financial" for "disability"; and made minor stylistic changes.
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