2006 Ohio Revised Code - 2950.07. Commencement of duty to register; duration.

§ 2950.07. Commencement of duty to register; duration.
 

(A)  The duty of an offender who is convicted of or pleads guilty to, or has been convicted of or pleaded guilty to, either a sexually oriented offense that is not a registration-exempt sexually oriented offense or a child-victim oriented offense and the duty of a delinquent child who is adjudicated a delinquent child for committing either a sexually oriented offense that is not a registration-exempt sexually oriented offense or a child-victim oriented offense and is classified a juvenile offender registrant or who is an out-of-state juvenile offender registrant to comply with sections 2950.04, 2950.041 [2950.04.1], 2950.05, and 2950.06 of the Revised Code commences on whichever of the following dates is applicable: 

(1) If the offender's duty to register is imposed pursuant to division (A)(1)(a) of section 2950.04 or division (A)(1)(a) of section 2950.041 [2950.04.1] of the Revised Code, the offender's duty to comply with those sections commences regarding residence addresses on the date of the offender's release from a prison term, a term of imprisonment, or any other type of confinement or on July 1, 1997, for a duty under section 2950.04 or the effective date of this amendment for a duty under section 2950.041 [2950.04.1] of the Revised Code, whichever is later, and commences regarding addresses of schools, institutions of higher education, and places of employment on the date of the offender's release from a prison term, term of imprisonment, or any other type of confinement or on the effective date of this amendment, whichever is later. 

(2) If the offender's duty to register is imposed pursuant to division (A)(1)(b) of section 2950.04 or division (A)(1)(b) of section 2950.041 [2950.04.1] of the Revised Code, the offender's duty to comply with those sections commences regarding residence addresses on the date of entry of the judgment of conviction of the sexually oriented offense or child-victim oriented offense or on July 1, 1997, for a duty under section 2950.04 or the effective date of this amendment for a duty under section 2950.041 [2950.04.1] of the Revised Code, whichever is later, and commences regarding addresses of schools, institutions of higher education, and places of employment on the date of entry of the judgment of conviction of the sexually oriented offense or child-victim oriented offense or on the effective date of this amendment, whichever is later. 

(3) If the offender's duty to register is imposed pursuant to division (A)(1)(c) of section 2950.04 of the Revised Code, the offender's duty to comply with those sections commences regarding residence addresses fourteen days after July 1, 1997, and commences regarding addresses of schools, institutions of higher education, and places of employment fourteen days after the effective date of this amendment. 

(4) If the offender's or delinquent child's duty to register is imposed pursuant to division (A)(3)(a) or (b) of section 2950.04 or division (A)(3)(a) or (b) of section 2950.041 [2950.04.1] of the Revised Code, the offender's duty to comply with those sections commences regarding residence addresses on the date that the offender begins to reside or becomes temporarily domiciled in this state or on March 30, 1999, for a duty under section 2950.04 of the Revised Code or the effective date of this amendment for a duty under section 2950.041 of the Revised Code, whichever is later, the offender's duty regarding addresses of schools, institutions of higher education, and places of employment commences on the effective date of this amendment or on the date the offender begins attending any school or institution of higher education in this state on a full-time or part-time basis or becomes employed in this state, whichever is later, and the delinquent child's duty commences on the date the delinquent child begins to reside or becomes temporarily domiciled in this state or on January 1, 2002, for a duty under section 2950.04 of the Revised Code or the effective date of this amendment for a duty under section 2950.041 [2950.04.1] of the Revised Code, whichever is later. 

(5) If the delinquent child's duty to register is imposed pursuant to division (A)(2) of section 2950.04 or division (A)(2)(a) of section 2950.041 [2950.04.1] of the Revised Code, if the delinquent child's classification as a juvenile offender registrant is made at the time of the child's disposition for that sexually oriented offense or child-victim oriented offense, whichever is applicable, and if the delinquent child is committed for the sexually oriented offense or child-victim oriented offense to the department of youth services or to a secure facility that is not operated by the department, the delinquent child's duty to comply with those sections commences on the date of the delinquent child's discharge or release from custody in the department of youth services secure facility or from the secure facility not operated by the department as described in that division. 

(6) If the delinquent child's duty to register is imposed pursuant to division (A)(2) of section 2950.04 or division (A)(2)(a) of section 2950.041 [2950.04.1] of the Revised Code and if either the delinquent child's classification as a juvenile offender registrant is made at the time of the child's disposition for that sexually oriented offense or child-victim oriented offense, whichever is applicable, and the delinquent child is not committed for the sexually oriented offense or child-victim oriented offense to the department of youth services or to a secure facility that is not operated by the department or the child's classification as a juvenile offender registrant is made pursuant to sections 2152.83 of the Revised Code, the delinquent child's duty to comply with those sections commences on the date of entry of the court's order that classifies the delinquent child a juvenile offender registrant. 

(7) If the offender's duty to register is imposed pursuant to division (A)(1)(c) of section 2950.041 [2950.04.1] of the Revised Code, the offender's duty to comply with those sections regarding residence addresses is a continuation of the offender's former duty to register regarding residence addresses imposed prior to the effective date of this amendment under section 2950.04 of the Revised Code and shall be considered for all purposes as having commenced on the date that the offender's former duty under that section commenced. The offender's duty to comply with those sections commences regarding addresses of schools, institutions of higher education, and places of employment on the effective date of this amendment. 

(8) If the delinquent child's duty to register is imposed pursuant to division (A)(2)(b) of section 2950.041 [2950.04.1] of the Revised Code, the delinquent child's duty to comply with those sections is a continuation of the delinquent child's former duty to register imposed prior to the effective date of this amendment under section 2950.04 of the Revised Code and shall be considered for all purposes as having commenced on the date that the delinquent child's former duty under that section commenced or commences. 

(B)  The duty of an offender who is convicted of or pleads guilty to, or has been convicted of or pleaded guilty to, either a sexually oriented offense that is not a registration-exempt sexually oriented offense or a child-victim oriented offense and the duty of a delinquent child who is adjudicated a delinquent child for committing either a sexually oriented offense that is not a registration-exempt sexually oriented offense or a child-victim oriented offense and is classified a juvenile offender registrant or who is an out-of-state juvenile offender registrant to comply with sections 2950.04, 2950.041 [2950.04.1], 2950.05, and 2950.06 of the Revised Code continues, after the date of commencement, for whichever of the following periods is applicable: 

(1) Except as otherwise provided in this division, if the offense is a sexually oriented offense that is not a registration-exempt sexually oriented offense and the offender or delinquent child has been adjudicated a sexual predator relative to the sexually oriented offense, if the offense is a sexually oriented offense and the offender has the duty to register as a result of an aggravated sexually oriented offense, or if the offense is a child-victim oriented offense and the offender or delinquent child has been adjudicated a child-victim predator relative to the child-victim oriented offense, the offender's or delinquent child's duty to comply with those sections continues until the offender's or delinquent child's death. Regarding a delinquent child who has been adjudicated a sexual predator relative to the sexually oriented offense or who has been adjudicated a child-victim predator relative to the child-victim oriented offense, if the judge who made the disposition for the delinquent child or that judge's successor in office subsequently enters a determination pursuant to section 2152.84 or 2152.85 of the Revised Code that the delinquent child no longer is a sexual predator or child-victim predator, the delinquent child's duty to comply with those sections continues for the period of time that otherwise would have been applicable to the delinquent child under division (B)(2) or (3) of this section. In no case shall the lifetime duty to comply that is imposed under this division on an offender who is adjudicated a sexual predator or is adjudicated a child-victim predator or is imposed under this division for an aggravated sexually oriented offense, or the adjudication, classification, or conviction that subjects the offender to this division, be removed or terminated. 

(2) If the judge who sentenced the offender or made the disposition for the delinquent child for committing the sexually oriented offense that is not a registration-exempt sexually oriented offense or the child-victim oriented offense, or the successor in office of the juvenile court judge who made the delinquent child disposition, determined pursuant to division (E) of section 2950.09 or 2950.091 [2950.09.1] or pursuant to division (B) of section 2152.83, section 2152.84, or section 2152.85 of the Revised Code that the offender or delinquent child is a habitual sex offender or a habitual child-victim offender, or if the offender or delinquent child is automatically classified a habitual child-victim offender pursuant to division (E) of section 2950.091 [2950.09.1] of the Revised Code, the offender's duty to comply with those sections continues either until the offender's death or for twenty years, determined as provided in this division, and the delinquent child's duty to comply with those sections continues for twenty years. If a delinquent child is so determined or classified to be a habitual sex offender or a habitual child-victim offender and if the judge who made the disposition for the delinquent child or that judge's successor in office subsequently enters a determination pursuant to section 2152.84 or 2152.85 of the Revised Code that the delinquent child no longer is a habitual sex offender or habitual child-victim offender but remains a juvenile offender registrant, the delinquent child's duty to comply with those sections continues for the period of time that otherwise would have been applicable to the delinquent child under division (B)(3) of this section. Except as otherwise provided in this division, the offender's duty to comply with those sections continues until the offender's death. If a lifetime duty to comply is imposed under this division on an offender, in no case shall that lifetime duty, or the determination that subjects the offender to this division, be removed or terminated. The offender's duty to comply with those sections continues for twenty years if the offender is a habitual sex offender and both of the following apply: 

(a) At least one of the sexually oriented offenses of which the offender has been convicted or to which the offender has pleaded guilty and that are included in the habitual sex offender determination is a violation of division (A)(1) or (5) of section 2907.06 of the Revised Code involving a victim who is eighteen years of age or older, a violation of division (A), (B), or (E) of section 2907.08 of the Revised Code involving a victim who is eighteen years of age or older, or a violation of section 2903.211 [2903.21.1] of the Revised Code that is a misdemeanor; 

(b) The total of all the sexually oriented offenses of which the offender has been convicted or to which the offender has pleaded guilty and that are included in the habitual sex offender determination does not include at least two sexually oriented offenses that are not described in division (B)(2)(a) of this section. 

(3) If neither division (B)(1) nor (B)(2) of this section applies, the offender's or delinquent child's duty to comply with those sections continues for ten years. If a delinquent child is classified pursuant to section 2152.82 or 2152.83 of the Revised Code a juvenile offender registrant and if the judge who made the disposition for the delinquent child or that judge's successor in office subsequently enters a determination pursuant to section 2152.84 or 2152.85 of the Revised Code that the delinquent child no longer is to be classified a juvenile offender registrant, the delinquent child's duty to comply with those sections terminates upon the court's entry of the determination. 

(C) (1)  If an offender has been convicted of or pleaded guilty to a sexually oriented offense that is not a registration-exempt sexually oriented offense and the offender subsequently is convicted of or pleads guilty to another sexually oriented offense or a child-victim oriented offense, if an offender has been convicted of or pleaded guilty to a child-victim oriented offense and the offender subsequently is convicted of or pleads guilty to another child-victim oriented offense or a sexually oriented offense, if a delinquent child has been adjudicated a delinquent child for committing a sexually oriented offense that is not a registration-exempt sexually oriented offense and is classified a juvenile offender registrant or is an out-of-state juvenile offender registrant and the child subsequently is adjudicated a delinquent child for committing another sexually oriented offense or a child-victim oriented offense and is classified a juvenile offender registrant relative to that offense or subsequently is convicted of or pleads guilty to another sexually oriented offense or a child-victim oriented offense, or if a delinquent child has been adjudicated a delinquent child for committing a child-victim oriented offense and is classified a juvenile offender registrant or is an out-of-state juvenile offender registrant and the child subsequently is adjudicated a delinquent child for committing another child-victim oriented offense or a sexually oriented offense and is classified a juvenile offender registrant relative to that offense or subsequently is convicted of or pleads guilty to another child-victim oriented offense or a sexually oriented offense, the period of time for which the offender or delinquent child must comply with the sections specified in division (A) of this section shall be separately calculated pursuant to divisions (A)(1) to (8) and (B)(1) to (3) of this section for each of the sexually oriented offenses and child-victim oriented offenses, and the separately calculated periods of time shall be complied with independently. 

If a delinquent child has been adjudicated a delinquent child for committing either a sexually oriented offense that is not a registration-exempt sexually oriented offense or a child-victim oriented offense, is classified a juvenile offender registrant or is an out-of-state juvenile offender registrant relative to the offense, and, after attaining eighteen years of age, subsequently is convicted of or pleads guilty to another sexually oriented offense or child-victim oriented offense, the subsequent conviction or guilty plea does not limit, affect, or supersede the duties imposed upon the delinquent child under this chapter relative to the delinquent child's classification as a juvenile offender registrant or as an out-of-state juvenile offender registrant, and the delinquent child shall comply with both those duties and the duties imposed under this chapter relative to the subsequent conviction or guilty plea. 

(2) If a delinquent child has been adjudicated a delinquent child for committing on or after January 1, 2002, either a sexually oriented offense that is not a registration-exempt sexually oriented offense or a child-victim oriented offense and is classified a juvenile offender registrant relative to the offense, if the order containing the classification also contains a determination by the juvenile judge that the child is a sexual predator or a habitual sex offender or that the child is a child-victim predator or a habitual child-victim offender, and if the juvenile judge or the judge's successor in office subsequently determines pursuant to section 2152.84 or 2152.85 of the Revised Code that the delinquent child no longer is a sexual predator or habitual sex offender or no longer is a child-victim predator or habitual child-victim offender, whichever is applicable, the judge's subsequent determination does not affect the date of commencement of the delinquent child's duty to comply with sections 2950.04, 2950.041 [2950.04.1], 2950.05, and 2950.06 of the Revised Code as determined under division (A) of this section. 

(D)  The duty of an offender or delinquent child to register under this chapter is tolled for any period during which the offender or delinquent child is returned to confinement in a secure facility for any reason or imprisoned for an offense when the confinement in a secure facility or imprisonment occurs subsequent to the date determined pursuant to division (A) of this section. The offender's or delinquent child's duty to register under this chapter resumes upon the offender's or delinquent child's release from confinement in a secure facility or imprisonment. 

(E)  An offender or delinquent child who has been convicted or pleaded guilty, or has been or is adjudicated a delinquent child, in a court in another state, in a federal court, military court, or Indian tribal court, or in a court of any nation other than the United States for committing either a sexually oriented offense that is not a registration-exempt sexually oriented offense or a child-victim oriented offense may apply to the sheriff of the county in which the offender or delinquent child resides or temporarily is domiciled, or in which the offender attends a school or institution of higher education or is employed, for credit against the duty to register for the time that the offender or delinquent child has complied with the sex offender or child-victim offender registration requirements of another jurisdiction. The sheriff shall grant the offender or delinquent child credit against the duty to register for time for which the offender or delinquent child provides adequate proof that the offender or delinquent child has complied with the sex offender or child-victim offender registration requirements of another jurisdiction. If the offender or delinquent child disagrees with the determination of the sheriff, the offender or delinquent child may appeal the determination to the court of common pleas of the county in which the offender or delinquent child resides or is temporarily domiciled, or in which the offender attends a school or institution of higher education or is employed. 
 

HISTORY: 146 v H 180 (Eff 7-1-97); 147 v H 565 (Eff 3-30-99); 149 v S 3 (Eff 1-1-2002); 149 v H 485. Eff 6-13-2002; 150 v S 5, § 1, eff. 7-31-03.
 

Not analogous to former RC § 2950.07 (130 v 671), repealed 146 v H 180, § 2, eff 7-1-97.

 

Effect of Amendments

S.B. 5, Acts 2003, effective July 31, 2003, rewrote the section. 

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