2007 California Elections Code


   ELECTIONS CODE              DIVISION 0.5.  PRELIMINARY
                               PROVISIONS
    CHAPTER 1.  GENERAL PROVISIONS .....................................   1-17
    CHAPTER 2.  PETITIONS AND PETITION SIGNERS ........................ 100-106
    CHAPTER 3.  NOMINATIONS ........................................... 200-201
    CHAPTER 4.  DEFINITIONS ........................................... 300-362
   DIVISION 1.  ESTABLISHED ELECTION DATES
    CHAPTER 1.  ELECTION DATES ...................................... 1000-1003
    CHAPTER 2.  ELECTION DAY ...........................................   1100
    CHAPTER 3.  STATEWIDE ELECTIONS ................................. 1200-1202
    CHAPTER 4.  LOCAL ELECTIONS ..................................... 1300-1304
    CHAPTER 5.  SPECIAL ELECTIONS ................................... 1400-1415
    CHAPTER 6.  MAIL BALLOT ELECTIONS ..................................   1500
   DIVISION 2.  VOTERS
    CHAPTER 1.  VOTER QUALIFICATIONS
     Article 1.  General Provisions ....................................   2000
     Article 2.  Determination of Residence and Domicile ............ 2020-2035
     Article 3.  Visually Impaired Voters ........................... 2050-2053
    CHAPTER 2.  REGISTRATION
     Article 1.  General Provisions ................................. 2100-2124
     Article 2.  Reimbursable Voter Outreach Costs .................. 2130-2131
     Article 3.  Registration Procedures ............................ 2135-2143
     Article 3.5.  Student Voter Registration ....................... 2145-2148
     Article 4.  Forms .............................................. 2150-2168
     Article 5.  Voter Registration Index ........................... 2180-2194
    CHAPTER 3.  CANCELLATION AND VOTER FILE MAINTENANCE
     Article 1.  General Provisions ................................. 2200-2213
     Article 2.  Residency Confirmation Procedures .................. 2220-2226
     Article 3.  Reimbursable File Maintenance ...................... 2240-2241
    CHAPTER 4.  MOTOR VOTER ............................................   2250
    CHAPTER 5.  VOTER BILL OF RIGHTS ...................................   2300
   DIVISION 3.  VOTE BY MAIL VOTING, NEW RESIDENT, AND NEW CITIZEN
                VOTING
    CHAPTER 1.  VOTE BY MAIL APPLICATION AND VOTING PROCEDURES ...... 3000-3024
    CHAPTER 2.  SPECIAL ABSENTEE APPLICATION AND VOTING PROCEDURES .. 3100-3112
    CHAPTER 3.  PERMANENT VOTE BY MAIL APPLICATION AND PROCEDURES ... 3200-3206
    CHAPTER 4.  FEDERAL ABSENTEE APPLICATION AND VOTING PROCEDURES .. 3300-3311
    CHAPTER 5.  NEW RESIDENTS APPLICATION AND VOTING PROCEDURES ..... 3400-3408
    CHAPTER 6.  NEW CITIZENS APPLICATION AND VOTING PROCEDURES ...... 3500-3503
   DIVISION 4.  MAIL BALLOT ELECTIONS
    CHAPTER 1.  CONDITIONS FOR MAIL BALLOT ELECTION ................. 4000-4004
    CHAPTER 2.  CONDUCT OF MAIL BALLOT ELECTIONS .................... 4100-4108
   DIVISION 5.  POLITICAL PARTY QUALIFICATIONS
    CHAPTER 1.  NEW PARTY QUALIFICATIONS ............................ 5000-5006
    CHAPTER 2.  PARTIES QUALIFIED TO PARTICIPATE IN THE PRIMARY
                ELECTION ............................................ 5100-5102
    CHAPTER 3.  DISQUALIFICATION OF POLITICAL PARTIES ..................   5200
   DIVISION 6.  PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS
    PART 1.  PARTISAN PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARIES
     CHAPTER 1.  DEMOCRATIC PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARY
      Article 1.  General Provisions ................................ 6000-6005
      Article 2.  Number and Certification of Delegates and
                  Alternates ........................................ 6020-6024
      Article 3.  Selection of Candidates by the Secretary of State   6040-6043
      Article 4.  Qualification of Candidates and Uncommitted
                  Delegations ....................................... 6060-6061
      Article 5.  Steering Committees ............................... 6080-6087
      Article 6.  Nomination Papers ................................. 6100-6108
      Article 7.  Circulators ....................................... 6122-6123
      Article 8.  Arrangement and Examination of Nomination Papers .. 6140-6146
      Article 9.  Notification of Qualification from Secretary of State    6160
      Article 10.  Certified List of Candidates and Uncommitted
                   Delegations, Notice of Election .....................   6180
      Article 11.  Selection of Delegates and Alternates ............ 6200-6201
      Article 12.  Canvass of Returns and Certificate of Selection .. 6220-6222
      Article 13.  Write-in Candidates .............................. 6240-6241
     CHAPTER 2.  REPUBLICAN PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARY
      Article 1.  General Provisions ...................................   6300
      Article 2.  Number and Certification of Delegates ............. 6320-6323
      Article 3.  Selection of Candidates by the Secretary of State   6340-6343
      Article 4.  Nomination Papers ................................. 6360-6365
      Article 5.  Circulators ....................................... 6382-6383
      Article 6.  Arrangement and Examination of Nomination Papers .. 6400-6406
      Article 7.  Canvass of Returns.  Certificate of Election ...... 6420-6422
      Article 8.  Write-in Candidates ............................... 6440-6443
      Article 9.  Selection of Delegates ............................ 6460-6461
      Article 10.  Republican Presidential Primary Ballot ..............   6480
     CHAPTER 3.  AMERICAN INDEPENDENT PARTY PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARY
      Article 1.  General Provisions ................................ 6500-6502
      Article 2.  Qualification of Candidates for Presidential
                  Preference Portion of Primary Ballot .............. 6520-6524
      Article 3.  Determination of Number of Delegates to National
                  Convention ........................................ 6540-6543
      Article 4.  Qualification of Groups of Candidates for Delegate
                  Selection Portion of Primary Ballot ............... 6560-6568
      Article 5.  Preparation, Circulation, and Filing of Nomination
                  Papers ............................................ 6580-6599
      Article 6.  American Independent Presidential Primary Ballot .. 6620-6621
      Article 7.  Postelection Proceedings .......................... 6640-6647
     CHAPTER 4.  PEACE AND FREEDOM PARTY PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARY
      Article 1.  General Provisions ................................ 6700-6702
      Article 2.  Qualification of Candidates for Presidential
                  Preference Portion of Primary Ballot .............. 6720-6726
      Article 3.  Determination of Number to National Convention .... 6740-6745
      Article 4.  Qualification of Group of Candidates for National
                  Convention Delegate Portion of Primary Ballot ..... 6760-6769
      Article 5.  Preparation, Circulation and Filing of Nominating
                  Papers ............................................ 6780-6798
      Article 6.  Peace and Freedom Party Presidential Primary Ballot 6820-6822
      Article 7.  Certification of National Convention Delegates
                  Elected and Postelection Proceedings .............. 6840-6849
    PART 2.  ELECTIONS FOR PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS
     CHAPTER 1.  GENERAL PROVISIONS ................................. 6900-6909
     CHAPTER 2.  DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE ................... 6950-6954
   DIVISION 7.  POLITICAL PARTY ORGANIZATION AND CENTRAL COMMITTEE
                ELECTIONS
    PART 1.  DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE
     CHAPTER 1.  MAINTENANCE OF RECORDS OF MEMBERSHIP OF STATE AND
                 COUNTY CENTRAL COMMITTEES
    PART 2.  DEMOCRATIC PARTY
     CHAPTER 1.  GENERAL PROVISIONS ....................................   7050
     CHAPTER 2.  PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS .................................   7100
     CHAPTER 3.  STATE CENTRAL COMMITTEE
      Article 1.  Members ........................................... 7150-7171
      Article 2.  Meetings .............................................   7180
      Article 3.  Proxies ........................................... 7185-7188
      Article 4.  General Business .................................. 7190-7198
     CHAPTER 4.  COUNTY CENTRAL COMMITTEE
      Article 1.  Members ........................................... 7200-7216
      Article 2.  Elections ......................................... 7225-7229
      Article 3.  Meetings .......................................... 7235-7236
      Article 4.  General Business .................................. 7240-7244
    PART 3.  REPUBLICAN PARTY
     CHAPTER 1.  GENERAL PROVISIONS ....................................   7250
     CHAPTER 2.  PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS .............................. 7300-7310
     CHAPTER 3.  STATE CENTRAL COMMITTEE ............................ 7350-7354
     CHAPTER 4.  COUNTY CENTRAL COMMITTEE
      Article 1.  Members ........................................... 7400-7414
      Article 2.  Election .......................................... 7420-7424
      Article 3.  Meetings .......................................... 7430-7431
      Article 4.  General Business .................................. 7440-7444
      Article 5.  District Committees ............................... 7460-7470
    PART 4.  AMERICAN INDEPENDENT PARTY
     CHAPTER 1.  GENERAL PROVISIONS ....................................   7500
     CHAPTER 2.  STATE CONVENTION
      Article 1.  Delegates ......................................... 7550-7561
      Article 2.  Meetings .............................................   7570
      Article 3.  General Business .................................. 7575-7580
     CHAPTER 3.  STATE CENTRAL COMMITTEE
      Article 1.  Members ........................................... 7600-7614
      Article 2.  Meetings .............................................   7620
      Article 3.  Proxies ..............................................   7628
      Article 4.  General Business .................................. 7635-7645
     CHAPTER 4.  COUNTY CENTRAL COMMITTEE
      Article 1.  Members ........................................... 7650-7661
      Article 2.  Election .......................................... 7670-7674
      Article 3.  Meetings .......................................... 7680-7683
      Article 4.  General Business .................................. 7690-7695
    PART 5.  PEACE AND FREEDOM PARTY
     CHAPTER 1.  GENERAL PROVISIONS ....................................   7700
     CHAPTER 2.  MEMBERS OF CENTRAL COMMITTEES
      Article 1.  Members ........................................... 7750-7755
      Article 2.  Election .......................................... 7770-7783
     CHAPTER 3.  STATE CENTRAL COMMITTEE
      Article 1.  Members ........................................... 7800-7805
      Article 2.  Meetings .............................................   7820
      Article 3.  General Business .................................. 7830-7843
     CHAPTER 4.  COUNTY CENTRAL COMMITTEE
      Article 1.  Members ........................................... 7850-7857
      Article 2.  Meetings .......................................... 7870-7871
      Article 3.  General ........................................... 7880-7884
   DIVISION 8.  NOMINATIONS
    PART 1.  PRIMARY ELECTION NOMINATIONS
     CHAPTER 1.  DIRECT PRIMARY
      Article 1.  General Provisions ................................ 8000-8004
      Article 2.  Nomination Documents .............................. 8020-8028
      Article 3.  Form of Nomination Documents ...................... 8040-8041
      Article 4.  Circulation and Signatures--Nomination Documents .. 8060-8070
      Article 5.  Verification of Nomination Signatures ............. 8080-8084
      Article 6.  Nomination Papers.  Place of Filing.  Fees ........ 8100-8107
      Article 7.  Certified List of Candidates ...................... 8120-8125
      Article 8.  Nominated Candidates .............................. 8140-8150
     CHAPTER 2.  JUDICIAL OFFICERS
      Article 1.  Distinguishing Number on Ballot ................... 8200-8204
      Article 2.  Adoption of Subdivision (d) of Section 16 of
                  Article VI of the California Constitution ......... 8220-8228
    PART 2.  INDEPENDENT NOMINATIONS
     CHAPTER 1.  GENERAL PROVISIONS ................................. 8300-8304
     CHAPTER 3.  NOMINATION PAPERS .................................. 8400-8409
     CHAPTER 4.  CIRCULATORS ........................................ 8451-8454
     CHAPTER 5.  ARRANGEMENT AND EXAMINATION OF NOMINATION PAPERS ... 8500-8504
     CHAPTER 6.  AFFIDAVIT OF CANDIDATE ................................   8550
    PART 3.  WRITE-IN CANDIDATES
     CHAPTER 1.  GENERAL ............................................ 8600-8605
     CHAPTER 2.  PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS .............................. 8650-8653
     CHAPTER 3.  TERM LIMITS ...........................................   8700
    PART 4.  WITHDRAWAL OF CANDIDATES:  VACANCIES ................... 8800-8811
   DIVISION 9.  MEASURES SUBMITTED TO THE VOTERS
    CHAPTER 1.  STATE ELECTIONS
     Article 1.  Initiative and Referendum Petitions ................ 9000-9015
     Article 2.  Petition Signatures ................................ 9020-9022
     Article 3.  Filing Petitions ................................... 9030-9035
     Article 4.  Measures Proposed by the Legislature ............... 9040-9044
     Article 5.  Ballot Titles ...................................... 9050-9054
     Article 6.  Arguments Concerning Measures Submitted to Voters .. 9060-9069
     Article 7.  Ballot Pamphlet .................................... 9080-9096
    CHAPTER 2.  COUNTY ELECTIONS
     Article 1.  Initiative ......................................... 9100-9126
     Article 2.  Referendum ......................................... 9140-9147
     Article 3.  Arguments Concerning County Measures ............... 9160-9168
     Article 4.  Mailings ..............................................   9180
     Article 5.  Public Examinations ...................................   9190
    CHAPTER 3.  MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS
     Article 1.  Initiative ......................................... 9200-9226
     Article 2.  Referendum ......................................... 9235-9247
     Article 3.  City or City and County Charters ................... 9255-9269
     Article 4.  Arguments Concerning City Measures ................. 9280-9287
     Article 5.  Mailings ..............................................   9290
     Article 6.  Public Examination ....................................   9295
    CHAPTER 4.  DISTRICT ELECTIONS
     Article 1.  Initiative ......................................... 9300-9323
     Article 2.  Referendum ......................................... 9340-9342
     Article 3.  Mailings ..............................................   9360
     Article 4.  Public Examination ....................................   9380
    CHAPTER 5.  BOND ISSUES ......................................... 9400-9405
    CHAPTER 6.  SCHOOL DISTRICT ELECTIONS ........................... 9500-9509
    CHAPTER 7.  GENERAL PROVISIONS .................................. 9600-9610
   DIVISION 10.  LOCAL, SPECIAL, VACANCY, AND CONSOLIDATED
                 ELECTIONS
    PART 1.  GENERAL PROVISIONS
     CHAPTER 1.  VOTERS AND PROCEDURE ............................. 10000-10004
    PART 2.  MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS
     CHAPTER 1.  GENERAL PROVISIONS ............................... 10100-10104
     CHAPTER 2.  REGULATIONS GOVERNING ELECTIONS IN CITIES
      Article 1.  General Provisions .............................. 10200-10202
      Article 1.2.  The Congressional Term Limits Act ........ 10204.1-10204.11
      Article 2.  Nomination of Candidates ........................ 10220-10230
      Article 3.  Conduct of Elections ............................ 10240-10243
      Article 4.  Canvass of Ballots and Returns .................. 10260-10266
     CHAPTER 3.  EMERGENCY ELECTIONS IN CITIES .................... 10300-10312
    PART 3.  CONSOLIDATION OF ELECTIONS ........................... 10400-10418
    PART 4.  UNIFORM DISTRICT ELECTION LAW ........................ 10500-10556
    PART 5.  SCHOOL DISTRICT AND COMMUNITY COLLEGE DISTRICT
             GOVERNING BOARD ELECTIONS ............................ 10600-10604
    PART 6.  ELECTIONS TO FILL VACANCIES
     CHAPTER 1.  NOMINATION OF CANDIDATES FOR LEGISLATIVE AND
                 CONGRESSIONAL OFFICES AT SPECIAL ELECTIONS ....... 10700-10707
     CHAPTER 2.  VACANCY IN SENATE .....................................  10720
     CHAPTER 3.  VACANCIES IN CONGRESSIONAL OFFICES CAUSED BY
                 CATASTROPHE ...................................... 10730-10734
   DIVISION 11.  RECALL ELECTIONS
    CHAPTER 1.  GENERAL PROCEDURES:  GENERAL PROVISIONS AND
                INITIAL STEPS IN THE RECALL
     Article 1.  General Provisions ............................... 11000-11007
     Article 2.  The Notice of Intention, Statement, and Answer ... 11020-11024
     Article 3.  Recall Petition .................................. 11040-11047
    CHAPTER 2.  RECALL OF STATE OFFICERS:  INTERMEDIATE STEPS IN
                THE RECALL ........................................ 11100-11110
    CHAPTER 3.  RECALL OF LOCAL OFFICERS:  INTERMEDIATE STEPS IN
                THE RECALL
     Article 1.  General Provisions ............................... 11200-11201
     Article 2.  Recall Petitions ................................. 11220-11227
     Article 3.  The Recall Election .............................. 11240-11242
    CHAPTER 4.  GENERAL PROCEDURES:  FINAL STEPS IN THE RECALL
     Article 1.  General Provisions ............................... 11300-11303
     Article 2.  Ballots .......................................... 11320-11327
     Article 3.  Elections in General ............................. 11328-11329
     Article 4.  Recall Elections ................................. 11381-11386
   DIVISION 12.  PREELECTION PROCEDURES
    CHAPTER 1.  PROCLAMATIONS AND ELECTION ORDERS ................. 12000-12001
    CHAPTER 2.  PREELECTION NOTICES ............................... 12101-12113
    CHAPTER 3.  PRECINCTS
     Article 1.  General Provisions ....................................  12200
     Article 2.  Precinct Formation ............................... 12220-12225
     Article 3.  Precinct Consolidations ...............................  12241
     Article 4.  Precinct Boundary Changes ........................ 12260-12262
     Article 5.  Polling Places ................................... 12280-12288
    CHAPTER 4.  PRECINCT BOARDS
     Article 1.  General Provisions ............................... 12300-12327
   DIVISION 13.  BALLOTS, SAMPLE BALLOTS, AND VOTER PAMPHLETS
    CHAPTER 1.  PURCHASING PROCEDURES ............................. 13000-13007
    CHAPTER 2.  FORMS OF BALLOTS:  BALLOT ORDER ................... 13100-13121
    CHAPTER 3.  BALLOT PRINTING SPECIFICATIONS
     Article 1.  General Provisions ............................... 13200-13220
     Article 2.  Allowable Changes in Ballot Format and Printing .. 13230-13233
     Article 3.  Vote Tabulating Devices .......................... 13240-13247
     Article 4.  Punchcards ....................................... 13260-13267
     Article 5.  Voting Machines .................................. 13280-13289
    CHAPTER 4.  SAMPLE BALLOTS AND VOTER PAMPHLETS ................ 13300-13317
   DIVISION 14.  ELECTION DAY PROCEDURES
    CHAPTER 1.  PRIVILEGES OF VOTERS .............................. 14000-14003
    CHAPTER 1.5.  RIGHTS OF VOTERS ................................ 14025-14032
    CHAPTER 2.  PRECINCT SUPPLIES ................................. 14100-14113
    CHAPTER 3.  PROCEDURES AT POLLS
     Article 1.  Election Day Posting Requirements ................ 14200-14203
     Article 2.  Election Day Procedures .......................... 14210-14227
     Article 3.  Challenging a Voter .............................. 14240-14253
     Article 4.  Issuing Ballots and Voting ....................... 14270-14300
     Article 5.  Provisional Voting ............................... 14310-14312
    CHAPTER 4.  CLOSING OF THE POLLS
     Article 1.  General Provisions ............................... 14400-14405
     Article 2.  Elections Using Voting Systems ................... 14420-14421
     Article 3.  Return of Supplies to the Clerk .................. 14430-14435
     Article 4.  Snap Tallies ..................................... 14440-14443
   DIVISION 15.  SEMIFINAL OFFICIAL CANVASS, OFFICIAL CANVASS,
                 RECOUNT, AND TIE VOTE PROCEDURES
    CHAPTER 1.  PREPARATION FOR CANVASS ........................... 15000-15004
    CHAPTER 2.  VOTE BY MAIL BALLOT PROCESSING .................... 15100-15112
    CHAPTER 3.  SEMIFINAL OFFICIAL CANVASS
     Article 1.  General Provisions ............................... 15150-15154
     Article 2.  Automated Count in a Central Location ............ 15200-15213
     Article 3.  Automated Vote Count in Precincts ................ 15250-15251
     Article 4.  Establishing Election Return Centers and Multiple
                 Counting Centers ................................. 15260-15261
     Article 5.  Manual Vote Count in the Precinct ................ 15270-15281
     Article 6.  Manual Vote Count in a Central Place ..................  15290
    CHAPTER 4.  OFFICIAL CANVASS
     Article 1.  General Provisions ............................... 15300-15304
     Article 2.  Processing Vote by Mail Ballots and Mail Ballot
                 Precinct Ballots ................................. 15320-15321
     Article 3.  Processing Write-In Votes ........................ 15340-15342
     Article 4.  Processing and Counting Provisional Ballots ...........  15350
     Article 5.  One Percent Manual Tally ..............................  15360
     Article 6.  Ballot Security and Reporting of Results ......... 15370-15376
    CHAPTER 5.  ANNOUNCEMENT OF RESULTS ........................... 15400-15402
    CHAPTER 6.  DETERMINATION OF ELECTED OR NOMINATED CANDIDATES
     Article 1.  General Provisions ............................... 15450-15452
     Article 2.  Democratic Central Committee Conditions for
                 Election of Candidate .................................  15460
     Article 3.  Republican Central Committee Conditions for
                 Election of Candidate .................................  15470
     Article 4.  American Independent Central Committee Conditions
                 for Election of Candidate .............................  15480
     Article 5.  Peace and Freedom Central Committee Conditions for
                 Election of Candidate .................................  15490
    CHAPTER 7.  DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE .................. 15500-15505
    CHAPTER 8.  DISPOSITION OF BALLOTS AND SUPPLIES BY THE
                ELECTIONS OFFICIAL ................................ 15550-15551
    CHAPTER 9.  RECOUNT
     Article 1.  General Provisions ............................... 15600-15601
     Article 2.  Elections Official-Ordered Recounts ...................  15610
     Article 3.  Voter-Requested Recounts ......................... 15620-15634
     Article 4.  Court-Ordered Recounts ........................... 15640-15642
    CHAPTER 10.  TIE VOTES
     Article 1.  Elections Other than Primary Elections ........... 15650-15654
     Article 2.  At Primary Elections ............................. 15670-15673
    CHAPTER 11.  EXTENSION OF DEADLINES ........................... 15700-15702
   DIVISION 16.  ELECTIONS CONTESTS
    CHAPTER 1.  GENERAL PROVISIONS ................................ 16000-16003
    CHAPTER 2.  GROUNDS FOR CONTEST ............................... 16100-16101
    CHAPTER 3.  CONTESTS AT GENERAL ELECTIONS ..................... 16200-16204
    CHAPTER 4.  CONTESTS AT PRIMARY ELECTIONS ..........................  16300
    CHAPTER 5.  FORM OF CONTEST STATEMENT
     Article 1.  General Elections ................................ 16400-16404
     Article 2.  Primary Elections ................................ 16420-16421
     Article 3.  Contests Other than Recount ...................... 16440-16444
     Article 4.  Contests Involving a Recount ..................... 16460-16467
    CHAPTER 6.  ELECTIONS OFFICIAL'S DUTIES
     Article 1.  Contest Procedures at General Elections .......... 16500-16503
     Article 2.  Contest Procedures at Primary Elections: Contests
                 Other Than Recount ............................... 16520-16521
     Article 3.  Contest Procedures at Primary Elections: Involving
                 a Recount .............................................  16540
    CHAPTER 7.  COURT'S DUTIES
     Article 1.  General Elections ................................ 16600-16603
     Article 2.  Primary Elections:  Contests Other than Recount .......  16620
     Article 3.  Primary Elections:  Contests Involving a Recount   16640-16643
    CHAPTER 8.  COURT'S DECISIONS, JUDGMENT, AND DETERMINATIONS
     Article 1.  General Elections ................................ 16700-16703
     Article 2.  Primary Elections:  Other than Recount ................  16720
     Article 3.  Primary Elections:  Involving a Recount .......... 16740-16742
    CHAPTER 9.  COSTS ............................................. 16800-16803
    CHAPTER 10.  APPEALS
     Article 1.  General Elections .....................................  16900
     Article 2.  Primary Elections:  Other than a Recount ..............  16920
     Article 3.  Primary Elections:  Involving a Recount ...............  16940
   DIVISION 17.  RETENTION AND PRESERVATION OF ELECTION RECORDS
    CHAPTER 1.  AFFIDAVITS OF REGISTRATION AND VOTER REGISTRATION
                INDEXES ........................................... 17000-17001
    CHAPTER 2.  NOMINATION DOCUMENTS ...................................  17100
    CHAPTER 3.  INITIATIVE AND REFERENDUM PETITIONS ....................  17200
    CHAPTER 4.  PRECINCT SUPPLIES AND BALLOTS ..................... 17300-17306
    CHAPTER 5.  RECALL PETITIONS .......................................  17400
    CHAPTER 6.  MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS .......................... 17501-17506
   DIVISION 18.  PENAL PROVISIONS
    CHAPTER 1.  GENERAL PROVISIONS ................................ 18000-18002
    CHAPTER 2.  VOTER REGISTRATION ................................ 18100-18111
    CHAPTER 3.  NOMINATION OF CANDIDATES .......................... 18200-18205
    CHAPTER 4.  ELECTION CAMPAIGNS
     Article 1.  Campaign Literature .............................. 18301-18304
     Article 2.  Political Party Caucuses ......................... 18310-18311
     Article 3.  Deceptive Online Activities ...................... 18320-18323
     Article 4.  Political Meetings ....................................  18340
     Article 5.  Misrepresentation by Candidates .................. 18350-18351
     Article 6.  Solicitation of Funds ............................ 18360-18361
     Article 7.  Electioneering ................................... 18370-18371
     Article 8.  Vandalism at Polling Places ...........................  18380
     Article 9.  Misuse of State Publications ..........................  18390
    CHAPTER 5.  BALLOTS ........................................... 18400-18403
    CHAPTER 6.  CORRUPTION OF THE VOTING PROCESS
     Article 1.  General Provisions ............................... 18500-18502
     Article 2.  Corruption of Voters ............................. 18520-18524
     Article 3.  Intimidation of Voters ........................... 18540-18548
     Article 4.  Corruption of Voting ............................. 18560-18578
    CHAPTER 7.  INITIATIVE, REFERENDUM, AND RECALL
     Article 1.  Improper Signature-Gathering Tactics ............. 18600-18603
     Article 2.  False or Ineligible Signatures on Petition ....... 18610-18614
     Article 3.  Improper Payments to Prevent Petition Circulation
                 and Filing ....................................... 18620-18622
     Article 4.  Threats and Theft to Prevent Petition Circulation
                 and Filing ....................................... 18630-18631
     Article 5.  Refusal of Circulators to Turn in Petitions ...........  18640
     Article 6.  Misuse of Signatures on Petition ......................  18650
     Article 7.  False Affidavits Concerning Petitions ............ 18660-18661
     Article 8.  Filing Petitions to Defeat an Initiative or
                 Referendum ....................................... 18670-18671
     Article 9.  Misuse of Campaign Funds ..............................  18680
    CHAPTER 8.  OBLIGATIONS OF PRECINCT BOARD ..........................  18700
   DIVISION 19.  APPROVAL OF VOTING SYSTEMS
    CHAPTER 1.  GENERAL PROVISIONS ................................ 19001-19005
    CHAPTER 2.  SECRETARY OF STATE REQUIREMENTS ................... 19100-19103
    CHAPTER 3.  APPROVAL OF VOTING SYSTEMS
     Article 1.  Procedures for Approval of Voting Systems ........ 19200-19216
     Article 2.  Inspection of Approved Voting Systems ............ 19220-19223
     Article 2.5.  Accessible Voting Systems .................... 19225-19229.5
     Article 3.  Voting Modernization Bond Act of 2002
                 (Shelley-Hertzberg Act) .......................... 19230-19245
     Article 4.  Direct Recording Electronic Voting Systems ....... 19250-19255
    CHAPTER 4.  ELECTIONS USING VOTING MACHINES
     Article 1.  General Provisions ............................... 19300-19304
     Article 2.  Pre-election Procedures .......................... 19320-19323
     Article 3.  Precincts and Board Members ...................... 19340-19341
     Article 4.  Procedures at the Polls .......................... 19360-19363
     Article 5.  Closing the Polls ................................ 19370-19371
     Article 6.  Counting Procedures .............................. 19380-19386
   DIVISION 20.  ELECTION CAMPAIGNS
    CHAPTER 1.  ENDORSEMENTS OF CANDIDATES ........................ 20000-20010
    CHAPTER 2.  POLITICAL CORPORATIONS
     Article 1.  Incorporation .........................................  20100
    CHAPTER 3.  CAMPAIGN FUNDS
     Article 1.  Solicitation ..................................... 20200-20203
    CHAPTER 4.  LIMITATIONS ON THE USE OF SURPLUS CAMPAIGN FUNDS .......  20301
    CHAPTER 5.  FAIR CAMPAIGN PRACTICES
     Article 1.  General Intent ........................................  20400
     Article 2.  Definitions ...........................................  20420
     Article 3.  Code of Fair Campaign Practices .................. 20440-20444
    CHAPTER 6.  LIBEL AND SLANDER ................................. 20500-20502
   DIVISION 21.  STATE AND LOCAL REAPPORTIONMENT
    CHAPTER 1.  GENERAL PROVISIONS ................................ 21000-21002
    CHAPTER 2.  SENATE DISTRICTS .................................. 21100-21140
    CHAPTER 3.  ASSEMBLY DISTRICTS ................................ 21200-21280
    CHAPTER 4.  BOARD OF EQUALIZATION DISTRICTS ................... 21300-21304
    CHAPTER 5.  CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS ........................... 21400-21453
    CHAPTER 6.  SUPERVISORIAL DISTRICTS ........................... 21500-21506
    CHAPTER 7.  CITY ELECTIONS
     Article 1.  General Law Cities ............................... 21600-21606
     Article 2.  Chartered Cities ............................... 21620-21620.1
    CHAPTER 8.  SPECIAL DISTRICTS ......................................  22000

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