Dotson v. Rainbolt

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Dotson v. Rainbolt
1992 OK 101
835 P.2d 870
63 OBJ 2103
Case Number: 79632
Decided: 07/13/1992
Modified: 09/14/1992
Supreme Court of Oklahoma

WANDA DOTSON, PERSONAL REPRESENTATIVE OF ALFRED ROBERTS, DECEASED, AND WANDA DOTSON, GUARDIAN OF MARY ROBERTS A/K/A MARY HOOVER ROBERTS, AN INCOMPETENT PERSON, APPELLANTS,
v.
H.E. RAINBOLT; LIBERTY STATE BANK, INC., A CORPORATION; ET AL., APPELLEES.

Appeal from District Court of Cherokee County; John Maley, Judge.

ORDER

¶1 On June 16, 1992, the trial judge filed an order, dismissing two of seven defendants from the action, and entering summary judgment in favor of the remaining defendants on all of plaintiffs' claims except plaintiffs' fraud claim. Appellants brought this appeal and appellees filed motions to dismiss.

¶2 Appellees' motions to dismiss are granted and this appeal is dismissed as premature. The June 16, 1992 order of the district court, which dismiss two defendants from the action, and grants summary judgment in favor of remaining five defendants on all of plaintiffs' claims except the fraud claim, is not a final order. In a multi-party, multi-claim case, an order which dismisses fewer than all of the defendants is not a final order unless the order expressly determines that there is no just reason for delay and expressly directs the filing of a judgment. 12 O.S. 1991 § 1006 . The case of Davis v. Dickerson, 803 P.2d 1170 (Okl.App. 1990), which held that an order disposing of all of the issues as to one defendant is a final order, was decided prior to the enactment of 12 O.S. 1991 § 1006 and does not govern appeals from orders or judgments filed after January 1, 1991. Any order which adjudicates only one of several theories of recovery is not a final order, and the trial court may not direct the filing of a separate judgment. 12 O.S. 1991 § 1006 , Bar Committee Comments to § 1006.

¶3 OPALA, C.J., HODGES, V.C.J., and SIMMS, HARGRAVE and SUMMERS, JJ., concur.