Oklahoma Supreme Court Decisions

Oklahoma is one of only two states that have divided the highest court into civil and criminal branches. The Oklahoma Supreme Court is the highest court in the state for civil matters, while the Oklahoma Court of Criminal Appeals holds exclusive appellate jurisdiction over criminal cases under the Oklahoma Constitution. The Oklahoma Supreme Court has the authority to decide which court should hear an appeal if there is any uncertainty. Nine justices serve on the Oklahoma Supreme Court, while five justices serve on the Oklahoma Court of Criminal Appeals. The state legislature can change the size of the Court of Criminal Appeals but cannot change the size of the Supreme Court, which is set by the Oklahoma Constitution.

Both courts use an assisted appointment process for selecting justices, who serve six-year terms. Under Article VII of the Oklahoma Constitution, a candidate for justice must submit their name to the Oklahoma Judicial Nominating Commission. The Commission will provide the names of three candidates to the Governor of Oklahoma. Once the Governor chooses a justice, they will serve until the next general election, when they must win a retention election. The Chief Justice of the Oklahoma Supreme Court will choose a candidate if the Governor does not make a decision within 60 days. The presiding judge of the Court of Criminal Appeals serves a two-year term and is selected by a vote of the other justices.

To be eligible to serve on the Supreme Court or the Court of Criminal Appeals, a candidate must be at least 30 years old and must have been a licensed practicing attorney or judge in Oklahoma for at least five years. They also must have been a registered voter in the judicial district that they represent for at least one year before pursuing this position. An active justice must maintain their certification as an attorney or judge throughout their tenure.

Browse Opinions From the Oklahoma Supreme Court

Recent Decisions From the Oklahoma Supreme Court
Tulsa Ambulatory Procedure Center v. Olmstead  
Date: June 25, 2024
Citation: 2024 OK 57
Docket Number: 119791

Justia Opinion Summary: A group of medical providers sued a former employee for breach of an employment agreement. The employee counterclaimed, alleging he was owed unpaid wages and bonuses. The providers initially raised "failure to state a…

MATHIS v. KERR  
Date: June 25, 2024
Citation: 2024 OK 52
Docket Number: 120246

Justia Opinion Summary: Spencer Mathis and Jaden Fenstermaker, who worked as delivery drivers for Amazon in Tulsa, Oklahoma, were fired by their employer, James Kerr, after Mathis filed a workers' compensation claim. The plaintiffs alleged that…

DRUMMOND v. OKLAHOMA STATEWIDE VIRTUAL CHARTER SCHOOL BOARD  
Date: June 25, 2024
Citation: 2024 OK 53
Docket Number: 121694

Justia Opinion Summary: The Attorney General for the State of Oklahoma, on behalf of the state, sought a writ of mandamus and declaratory relief against the Oklahoma Statewide Virtual Charter School Board and its members. The state argued that…

STATE ex rel. OKLAHOMA BAR ASSOCIATION v. ABDOVEIS
Date: June 25, 2024
Citation: 2024 OK 55
Docket Number: SCBD-7522
STATE ex rel. OKLAHOMA BAR ASSOCIATION v. MESSERLI
Date: June 25, 2024
Citation: 2024 OK 56
Docket Number: SCBD-7529
STATE ex rel. OKLAHOMA BAR ASSOCIATION v. DYER
Date: June 24, 2024
Citation: 2024 OK 54
Docket Number: SCBD-7680
STATE ex rel. OKLAHOMA BAR ASSOCIATION v. GREER
Date: June 17, 2024
Citation: 2024 OK 51
Docket Number: SCBD-7627
Randle v. City of Tulsa  
Date: June 12, 2024
Citation: 2024 OK 40
Docket Number: 121502

Justia Opinion Summary: Survivors of the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre and representatives of the estate of a deceased survivor filed a lawsuit against the City of Tulsa, the Tulsa Regional Chamber, the Board of County Commissioners for Tulsa…

PAYTON v APPLEGATE
Date: June 11, 2024
Citation: 2024 OK 41
Docket Number: 120334
Hayes v. Penkoski  
Date: June 11, 2024
Citation: 2024 OK 49
Docket Number: 121158

Justia Opinion Summary: The case revolves around a dispute between Sheena Hayes and Morgan Lawrence-Hayes, and Richard Penkoski. The dispute arose from Penkoski's social media posts, which the Hayes couple claimed were harassing and stalking.…

GALBRAITH v. GALBRAITH  
Date: June 11, 2024
Citation: 2024 OK 43
Docket Number: 121849

Justia Opinion Summary: The case revolves around the issue of whether a guardian can initiate a divorce proceeding on behalf of an incapacitated ward. Peter Galbraith, II, the ward, and Belinda Galbraith were married in 2015. Between 2018 and…

Bayouth v. Dewberry  
Date: June 11, 2024
Citation: 2024 OK 42
Docket Number: 121897

Justia Opinion Summary: The case revolves around an incident where an employee, Leonard Bernstein, shot his co-worker, Christopher Bayouth, at their workplace, Morgan Stanley's Oklahoma City branch. Bernstein, who was suffering from mental…

Cathey v. Board of County Commissioners for McCurtain County  
Date: June 11, 2024
Citation: 2024 OK 50
Docket Number: 121954

Justia Opinion Summary: The case revolves around a lodging tax increase proposal in McCurtain County, Oklahoma, intended to fund a new county hospital. The Board of County Commissioners for McCurtain County approved the proposal to be submitted…

INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT NO. 12 v. STATE  
Date: June 11, 2024
Citation: 2024 OK 39
Docket Number: 121987

Justia Opinion Summary: The case involves the Edmond Public Schools (the Petitioner) and the State of Oklahoma, the State Board of Education, and the State Superintendent of Public Instruction (the Respondents). The Petitioner filed an…

IN RE ADMINISTRATION OF NEXTGEN BAR EXAMINATION
Date: June 10, 2024
Citation: 2024 OK 48
The opinions published on Justia State Caselaw are sourced from individual state court sites. These court opinions may not be the official published versions, and you should check your local court rules before citing to them. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site, or the information linked to on the state site.

Some case metadata and case summaries were written with the help of AI, which can produce inaccuracies. You should read the full case before relying on it for legal research purposes.

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