Hibbs v. Farmers Ins. Co., Inc.

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Hibbs v. Farmers Ins. Co., Inc.
1985 OK 77
725 P.2d 1232
56 OBJ 2239
Case Number: 61732
Decided: 09/24/1985
Supreme Court of Oklahoma

Eddie Lee HIBBS and Darlene Hibbs, Appellants,

Appeal from the District Court of Tulsa County; Donald C. Lane Judge.

John L. Harlan, Sapulpa, for appellants.
Ray H. Wilburn, Tulsa, for appellee.

DOOLIN, Vice Chief Justice.

¶1 This is an appeal arising from an order by the Trial Court that defendant's (Farmers Ins. Co.) Motion for Summary Judgment be sustained. The facts in this case were stipulated and undisputed.

¶2 On June 7, 1980, Appellant Eddie Lee Hibbs was involved in a "no impact" hit and run automobile accident. Hibbs, in the course of his employment, was driving a pick-up truck owned by his employer, Hill's Produce. Hibbs was returning from Wichita when his vehicle was forced off the road by another driver causing Hibbs to collide with the guard rail.

¶3 As a result of the accident, Hibbs sustained injuries requiring medical attention. Hibbs filed a Workers' Compensation claim with his employer receiving compensation benefits in the amount of $12,738.58 and payment of medical bills in the amount of $16,702.63 for a total of $29,441.00. This claim was concluded through joint petition.

¶4 Subsequently, Hibbs initiated action in the United States District Court for the Northern District of Oklahoma against Fireman's Fund, his employer's insurance carrier and the insurer of the vehicle Hibbs was driving. Hibbs sought recovery for uninsured motorists (UM) benefits alleging that he was injured as a result of the aforesaid accident and therefore covered within the purview of the Fireman's Fund UM provision. The policy limits of Fireman's Fund with regard to their UM provision was $30,000.00. This case was settled prior to trial within the policy limits of Fireman's Fund for $17,250.00.

¶5 Hibbs also initiated the present action against his own insurer, Farmers Insurance Company, with which company he had an insurance policy covering his personal vehicle with UM coverage in the amount of $10,000.00. Farmers filed a Motion for Summary Judgment denying that plaintiff was entitled to recover under its policy because Hibbs had settled the UM claim with the primary carrier (Fireman's Fund) for less than its policy limits. Therefore, Hibbs was not entitled to proceed against Farmers, which was secondarily liable as an uninsured motorist carrier. The trial court granted the Motion for Summary [725 P.2d 1233] Judgment and this appeal was then lodged by Hibbs.

¶6 We affirm the decision of the trial court.

¶7 The issue in this case is whether settlement with the primary UM carrier for less than the policy limits effectively negates recovery from the secondary UM carrier because of the "excess" coverage clause.

¶8 It is undisputed that there were two (2) policies of insurance available to Hibbs providing uninsured motorist coverage. The primary policy was with Fireman's Fund, which provided coverage for the vehicle Hibbs was driving, while the secondary policy, containing an excess coverage clause, was with Farmers. Farmers provided coverage to Hibbs by virtue of a policy issued to him for his personal vehicle, which read:

"With respect to bodily injury to an insured while occupying an automobile not owned by the named insured, uninsured motorist coverage shall apply only as excess insurance over any other similar insurance available to such insured and applicable to such automobile as primary insurance, and this insurance shall then apply only in the amount which the limit of liability for this coverage exceeds the applicable limit of liability of such other insurance."

¶9 In Smith v. Gov't Employees Ins. Co.

"As we pointed out in Keel v. MFA Ins. Co.,

¶10 The effect of Smith as applied to this case means the insurer with secondary coverage does not become liable unless the primary coverage is exhausted.

¶11 The effect of the excess insurance provision in Farmers uninsured motorist policy was to make Farmers liable only after the limits of the primary policy (Fireman's Fund) were exhausted. Farmer's policy would come into play only if the Fireman's Fund policy limits were exhausted which did not occur.

¶12 In the present case the limits of the primary policy were not exhausted, therefore, Farmers uninsured motorist coverage is not available to Hibbs. The trial court was correct in sustaining Motion for Summary Judgment for Farmers as Hibbs failed to satisfy the condition precedent to recovery under the Farmers policy.

¶13 In a similar case, Farmers Ins. Co. of Arizona v. Woodruff,

¶14 Because the effect of the excess coverage provision in the Farmers policy is to make Farmers liable only after the limits of all other policies have been exhausted, and because Hibbs chose to settle for less than the policy limits, this Court AFFIRMS the decision of the trial court.

¶15 All Justices concur.


1 558 P.2d 1160 (Okl. 1976).

2 553 P.2d 153 (Okl. 1976).

3 127 Ariz. 196, 619 P.2d 24 (1980).