Article 7 of the Indiana Constitution provides the authority for the Indiana Supreme Court, which consists of five justices. The Indiana General Assembly may increase the size of the Court to nine justices. The Court reviews direct appeals of cases in which the defendant was sentenced to death or life in prison, as well as cases in which a trial court has determined that a statute is unconstitutional. The Court also reviews decisions by the Indiana Court of Appeals and the Indiana Tax Court, and it can review sentencing decisions in lower courts. It holds exclusive jurisdiction over matters related to the legal profession in Indiana, such as sanctions issued to lawyers and judges. The Court also holds exclusive jurisdiction over certain other matters, such as post-conviction relief in cases involving a death sentence.
When a new justice needs to be chosen, the Indiana Judicial Nominating Commission will provide the Governor of Indiana with a list of three nominees. To be eligible for consideration, a candidate must have practiced law in Indiana for at least 10 years or have served as a trial court judge for at least five years. The Commission uses guidelines provided in Public Law 427 to develop the list. The Governor then has 60 days to choose the new justice. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court will choose the new justice if the Governor fails to decide within 60 days. Each justice must go through a retention election in the first general election after two years have passed since their appointment. If they secure retention, they will serve a full 10-year term before seeking retention again. Each justice must retire when they reach the age of 75.
The Chief Justice of the Indiana Supreme Court serves a renewable five-year term. The Judicial Nominating Commission fills this position as well. If there is a vacancy, the most senior justice currently serving on the Court will become the Acting Chief Justice until the appointment of a new Chief Justice.
International Business Machines Corp. v. State ex rel. Indiana Family & Social Services Administration
Date: October 10, 2019
Justia Opinion Summary: In this appeal concerning whether International Business Machines, Corp. (IBM) was entitled to post-judgment interest on its $49.5 million damages award running from the date of the original judgment or running from the...
Falls v. State
Date: October 8, 2019
Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed Defendant's conviction of stalking, holding that a charge of stalking may be supported by conduct that is continuous in nature, even if it is a single episode.
The statutory definition of stal...
C.S. v. State
Date: October 1, 2019
Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the trial court making two teenagers wards of the Indiana Department of Correction, holding that the teenagers failed to show that their remote participation in their hearings r...
Easler v. State
Date: September 20, 2019
Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the trial court convicting Defendant of two counts of operating a vehicle while intoxicated, holding that the trial court abused its discretion in refusing to conduct a hearing...
Rainbow Realty Group, Inc. v. Carter
Date: September 13, 2019
Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed in part and reversed in part the judgment of the trial court in this landlord-tenant dispute, holding that the parties' rent-to-buy agreement was not a land-sale contract but a rental agreement...
Paquette v. State
Date: September 11, 2019
Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court vacated the decision of the court of appeals reversing in part Defendant's convictions, holding that that the court of appeals' effort to correct a double jeopardy violation misconstrued Paquette v. Sta...
In the Matter of Brent Welke
Date: September 10, 2019
Faith v. State
Date: September 6, 2019
Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court vacated the decision of the court of appeals revising Defendant's sentence for three counts of Class A felony child molesting and revised the sentences to the original terms set by the trial court, hold...
Shaw v. State
Date: August 21, 2019
Justia Opinion Summary: In this post-conviction proceeding, the Supreme Court held that a post-conviction petition that addresses only the proceedings on remand from a federal court's grant of a new trial is not a "second" or "successive" petit...
M.I. v. K.H.
Date: August 9, 2019
Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the trial court refusing to terminate Mother's parental rights on the ground that termination was not in the children's best interests, holding that the court's conclusion that...
Murray v. Indianapolis Public Schools
Date: August 8, 2019
Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the trial court granting summary judgment for Defendants and dismissing this suit brought by the estate of an Arlington Community High School student who was murdered after leav...
Rodriguez v. State
Date: August 7, 2019
Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the trial court denying Defendant's petition to modify his sentence on the grounds that it was not authorized to modify the sentence imposed under Defendant's fixed-term plea ag...
Cardosi v. State
Date: August 7, 2019
Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the judgment of the trial court convicting Defendant of murder and other crimes and sentencing him to life without parole, holding that each of Defendant's contentions on appeal were without me...
State v. Stafford
Date: August 7, 2019
Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the judgment of the trial court granting Defendant's petition to modify her Class B felony sentence, holding that the trial court had no discretion to modify Defendant's sentence because Defend...
Dadouch v. State
Date: July 16, 2019
Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed Defendant's conviction of Class A misdemeanor domestic battery, holding that Defendant did not validly waive his right to a jury trial.
In the underlying proceedings Defendant signed two advis...