NuVasive, Inc. v. Day, No. 19-1611 (1st Cir. 2020)Annotate this Case
The First Circuit affirmed the judgment of the district court granting a preliminary junction to Defendant's former employer (Plaintiff), a healthcare company incorporated in Delaware, that enforced a nonsolicitation clause in the employment contract between the parties, holding that the district court did not err in applying Delaware law to assess whether Plaintiff had satisfied the "likelihood of success" requirement.
The injunction sought by Plaintiff enforced a nonsolicitation clause in the parties' contract barring Defendant from engaging in certain work for his new employer, one of Plaintiff's competitors. The choice-of-law provision set forth in the employment contract explicitly stated that the agreement should be interpreted and enforced in accordance with Delaware law, without giving effect to its laws pertaining to conflict of las. The district court held that Massachusetts' choice-of-law rules permitted it to enforce the choice-of-law provision, thus premising its issuance of the preliminary injunction on its application of Delaware law. Defendant appealed, arguing that Massachusetts and not Delaware law applied to Plaintiff's breach of contract claims, and therefore, Plaintiff could not satisfy the likelihood-of-success requirement in seeking a preliminary injunction based on those claims. The First Circuit affirmed, holding that there was no merit in Defendant's challenge to the issuance of the preliminary injunction against him.