First Circuit US Court of Appeals Case Law

Based in Boston, Massachusetts, the US Court of Appeals for the First Circuit was established in 1891 has appellate jurisdiction over courts in the following districts:

It is the smallest of the thirteen federal appeals courts.

Browse Opinions From the US Court of Appeals for the First Circuit


Recent Decisions From the US Court of Appeals for the First Circuit
United States v. Pena  
Date: December 14, 2018
Docket Numbers: 17-1503, 17-1504

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the judgments of the district court convicting Alba Pena and Indranis Rocheford, sisters, of multiple counts of wire fraud and Rocheford’s sentence to thirty-three months in prison and three ye...

United States v. Suarez-Reyes  
Date: December 14, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1849

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit dismissed Defendant’s appeal from his sentence as moot because Defendant had already completed serving the custodial sentence he attempted to challenge on appeal. Defendant pled guilty to unlawfully a...

Anderson v. Brennan  
Date: December 14, 2018
Docket Numbers: 17-2162, 17-2170

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the judgment of the district court concluding that Plaintiff was not discriminated against but that Defendant’s decision to terminate her employment, rather than impose lesser discipline, was i...

Ruiz-Guerrero v. Whitaker  
Date: December 12, 2018
Docket Number: 18-1130

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit denied Petitioner’s appeal of an order of the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) denying her request for deferral of removal under the United Nations Convention Against Torture (CAT), holding holding th...

Smith v. State of Maine Bureau of Revenue Services  
Date: December 12, 2018
Docket Number: 18-1573

Justia Opinion Summary: At issue was whether 11 U.S.C. 362(c)(3)(A) terminates the automatic stay as to actions against property of the bankruptcy estate. Maine’s Bureau of Revenue Services (MRS) had a claim for a tax debt owed by Leland Smith...

Sinapi v. Rhode Island Board of Bar Examiners  
Date: December 11, 2018
Docket Numbers: 16-2251, 16-2261

Justia Opinion Summary: In this case against members of the Rhode Island Board of Bar Examiners the First Circuit reversed the district court’s grant of attorneys’ fees in favor of Plaintiff and affirmed the court’s dismissal of Plaintiff’s ame...

J.S. v. The Westerly School District
Date: December 11, 2018
Docket Numbers: 17-1311, 17-1817
United States v. Obiora  
Date: December 11, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1569

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed Defendant’s conviction of conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute heroin and sentence of 120 months’ imprisonment followed by thirty-six months of supervised release, holding that there...

Mendez v. Sessions  
Date: December 11, 2018
Docket Number: 18-1314

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit denied Petitioner’s petition seeking judicial review of an order of the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) dismissing his application for asylum, holding that substantial evidence supported the BIA’s de...

J.S. v. Westerly School District  
Date: December 7, 2018
Docket Numbers: 17-1311, 17-1817

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit dismissed as moot a school district’s challenge to the district court’s order compelling the school district to determine a student’s eligibility for an Individualized Education Program (IEP) without fi...

United States v. Morillo  
Date: December 4, 2018
Docket Number: 17-1506

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed Defendant’s sentence of 168 months in prison imposed in connection with his guilty plea to conspiracy to distribute and possess with intent to distribute oxycodone and cocaine, holding that Def...

US v. Reyes-Rivas
Date: December 3, 2018
Docket Number: 16-2008
In Re: Grand Jury Subpoena v.
Date: December 3, 2018
Docket Number: 18-1464
Conduragis v. Prospect CharterCARE, LLC  
Date: November 30, 2018
Docket Number: 18-1009

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit reversed the decision of the district court denying Defendants’ motion to dismiss Plaintiff’s complaint and compel arbitration based on the parties’ signed arbitration agreement, holding that, contrary...

Hardy v. Maloney  
Date: November 30, 2018
Docket Number: 18-1278

Justia Opinion Summary: The First Circuit affirmed the judgment of the district court denying the petition for a writ of habeas corpus filed by Appellant, who was serving a life sentence in a state correctional facility, holding that the state...