United States v. Worthy, No. 12-2049 (1st Cir. 2012)Annotate this Case
Defendant was arrested and ordered to be detained on criminal charges. An initial indictment and several superseding indictments followed charging Defendant with several drug offenses. The last indictment was filed in October 2011. Defendant filed motions seeking dismissal of the fourth superseding indictment and release from custody under the section 3164 of the Speedy Trial Act. The district court ordered Defendant's discharge. Fifteen minutes later, Defendant was re-arrested on a new criminal complaint for drug possession. Defendant was re-indicted on four counts virtually identical to the counts charged in the October 2011 indictment and again pled not guilty. Pursuant to the Ninth Circuit's decision in United States v. Tirasso, the district court found that re-indictment on the same offense does not restart section 3164's ninety-day clock and granted Defendant's motion for release. The First Circuit Court of Appeals reversed, holding that when an indictment is dismissed upon the motion of a defendant, the dismissal is without prejudice and that defendant is again detained awaiting trial, section 3164's ninety-day clock restarts at the moment that Defendant is re-arrested, regardless of the nature of the charges in the new complaint.