2022 Wyoming Statutes
Title 7 - Criminal Procedure
Chapter 3 - Fugitives and Prevention of Crime
Article 7 - Communication Interception
Section 7-3-701 - Definitions.

Universal Citation: WY Stat § 7-3-701 (2022)

7-3-701. Definitions.

(a) As used in this act:

(i) "Aggrieved person" means any person who was a party to any oral, wire or electronic communication intercept as defined in this act, or a person against whom the interception was directed;

(ii) "Aural transfer" means a transfer containing the human voice at any point between and including the point of origin and the point of reception;

(iii) "Communication common carrier" shall have the same meaning which is given the term "common carrier" by 47 U.S.C. § 153(10);

(iv) "Contents" when used with respect to any oral, wire or electronic communication includes any information concerning the meaning, substance or purport of the communication;

(v) "Electronic communication" means any transfer of signs, signals, writing, images, sounds, data or intelligence of any nature transmitted in whole or in part by a wire, radio, electromagnetic, photoelectronic or photooptical system that affects interstate or foreign commerce but does not include:

(A) Any wire or oral communication;

(B) Any communication made through a tone-only paging device;

(C) Any communication made through a tracking device as defined in 18 U.S.C. § 3117; or

(D) Electronic funds transfer information stored by a financial institution in a communications system used for the electronic storage and transfer of funds.

(vi) "Electronic communication service" means any service which provides to users thereof the ability to send or receive wire or electronic communications;

(vii) "Electronic communications system" means any wire, radio, electromagnetic, photooptical or photoelectronic facilities for the transmission of electronic communications, and any computer facilities or related electronic equipment for the electronic storage of those communications;

(viii) "Electronic, mechanical or other device" means any device or apparatus which can be used to intercept a wire, oral or electronic communication, other than:

(A) Any telephone or telegraph instrument, equipment or facility or component thereof, used in the ordinary course of business or by a peace officer in the ordinary course of his duties; or

(B) A hearing aid or similar device being used to correct subnormal hearing to not better than normal.

(ix) "Intercept" means the aural or other acquisition of the contents of any oral, wire or electronic communication by use of an electronic, mechanical or other device;

(x) "Judge of competent jurisdiction" means a judge of a district court;

(xi) "Oral communication" means any oral communication uttered by a person who reasonably expects and circumstances justify the expectation that the communication is not subject to interception but does not include any electronic communication;

(xii) "Peace officer" means any peace officer included in W.S. 7-2-101(a)(iv)(A), (B) or (D), other than members of a college or university police force, and includes any law enforcement officer with federal criminal enforcement jurisdiction;

(xiii) "Provider of wire or electronic communication service" means any person who provides a service which consists of communications by wire, radio, electronic, laser or other transmission of energy;

(xiv) "Readily accessible to the general public" means, with respect to a radio communication, that the communication is not:

(A) Scrambled or encrypted;

(B) Transmitted using modulation techniques whose essential parameters have been withheld from the public with the intention of preserving the privacy of the communication;

(C) Carried on a subcarrier or other signal subsidiary to a radio transmission;

(D) Transmitted over a communication system provided by a common carrier, unless the communication is a tone only paging system communication; or

(E) Transmitted on frequencies allocated under part 25, subpart D, E, or F of part 74, or part 94 of the rules of the federal communications commission, unless, in the case of a communication transmitted on a frequency allocated under part 74 that is not exclusively allocated to broadcast auxiliary services, the communication is a two-way voice communication by radio.

(xv) "User" means any person or entity who:

(A) Uses an electronic communication service; and

(B) Is duly authorized by the provider of the service to engage in the use.

(xvi) "Wire communication" means any aural transfer made in whole or in part through the use of facilities for the transmission of communications by the aid of wire, cable or other like connection, including the use of such connection in a switching station, between the point of origin and the point of reception, furnished or operated by any person engaged in providing or operating such facilities for the transmission of intrastate, interstate or foreign communications, and includes any electronic storage of such communication;

(xvii) "This act" means W.S. 7-3-701 through 7-3-712.

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