2020 Wyoming Statutes
Title 35 - Public Health and Safety
Chapter 6 - Abortions
Section 35-6-118 - Procedure Governing Abortion Performed Upon Minor.
35-6-118. Procedure governing abortion performed upon minor.
(a) An abortion shall not be performed upon a minor unless at least one (1) of the minor's parents or her guardian are notified in writing at least forty-eight (48) hours before the abortion, and the attending physician has obtained the written consent of the minor and at least one (1) parent or guardian of the minor, unless:
(i) The minor, in a closed hearing, is granted the right to self-consent to an abortion by court order pursuant to subparagraph (b)(v)(B) of this section and the attending physician receives a certified copy of the court order and the written consent of the minor; or
(ii) The abortion is authorized by court order pursuant to subparagraph (b)(v)(C) of this section and the attending physician receives a certified copy of the court order.
(b) A juvenile court of jurisdiction may grant the right of a minor to self-consent to an abortion or may authorize an abortion upon a minor in accordance with the following procedure:
(i) The minor shall apply to the juvenile court for assistance either in person or through an adult of the minor's choice. The court shall assist the minor in preparing the petition and notices required under this subsection;
(ii) Notwithstanding W.S. 14-6-212, the minor or an adult of the minor's choice shall file a petition with the court, signed by the minor and setting forth:
(A) The initials of the minor and the minor's date of birth;
(B) The names and addresses, if known, of the minor's parents, guardian, custodian or, if the minor's parents are deceased and a guardian or custodian has not been appointed, any other person standing in loco parentis of the minor;
(C) That the minor has been informed by her treating physician of the risks and consequences of an abortion;
(D) That the minor is mature and wishes to have an abortion; and
(E) Facts indicating why an abortion is in the best interest of the minor.
(iii) The court may appoint a guardian ad litem of the minor and may appoint legal counsel for the minor;
(iv) Within five (5) days after the petition is filed under paragraph (ii) of this subsection, a hearing on the merits of the petition shall be held on the record. Any appointed counsel shall be appointed and notified by the court at least forty-eight (48) hours before the time set for hearing. At the hearing, the court shall hear evidence relating to:
(A) The maturity and understanding of the minor;
(B) The nature of the abortion, risks and consequences of the abortion, and alternatives to the abortion; and
(C) Whether an abortion is in the best interest of the minor.
(v) In its order, which shall be issued within twenty-four (24) hours of the hearing, the court shall enter findings of fact and conclusions of law, order the record of the hearing sealed and shall:
(A) Deny the petition, setting forth the grounds on which the petition is denied;
(B) Grant the minor the right to self-consent to the abortion based upon a finding by clear and convincing evidence that the minor is sufficiently mature and adequately informed to make her own decision, in consultation with her physician, independently of the wishes of her parents or guardian; or
(C) Authorize the abortion based upon a finding by clear and convincing evidence that the abortion is in the best interest of the minor.
(vi) Any order entered pursuant to paragraph (v) of this subsection may be appealed by a party to the supreme court in accordance with the Wyoming Rules of Appellate Procedure. Notwithstanding W.S. 14-6-233, the supreme court shall by rule provide for expedited appellate review of appeals under this paragraph.
(c) The provisions of this section shall not apply in an emergency medical situation when, to a reasonable degree of medical probability, the attending physician determines that an abortion is necessary to preserve the minor from an imminent peril that substantially endangers her life, and so certifies in the minor's medical record.
(d) The written notifications required under this section shall be delivered:
(i) Personally by the minor, attending physician or an agent; or
(ii) By certified mail addressed to the parent at the usual place of abode of the parent with return receipt requested and restricted delivery to the addressee.
(e) No parent, guardian or spouse shall require a minor to submit to an abortion against her wishes.
(f) Any physician or other person who knowingly performs an abortion on a minor in violation of W.S. 35-6-118 is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000.00), imprisonment for not more than one (1) year, or both.