2017 Wisconsin Statutes & Annotations
Chapter 938. Juvenile justice code.
938.296 Testing for HIV infection and certain diseases.

Universal Citation: WI Stat § 938.296 (2017)

938.296 Testing for HIV infection and certain diseases.

(1)Definitions. In this section:

(a) “Health care professional" has the meaning given in s. 252.15 (1) (am).

(b) “HIV" has the meaning given in s. 252.01 (1m).

(bm) “HIV test" has the meaning given in s. 252.01 (2m).

(c) “Sexually transmitted disease" has the meaning given in s. 252.11 (1).

(d) “Significant exposure" has the meaning given in s. 252.15 (1) (em).

(e) “Victim" has the meaning given in s. 938.02 (20m) (a) 1.

(2)Sexually transmitted disease and HIV testing. In a proceeding under s. 938.12 or 938.13 (12) in which the juvenile is alleged to have violated s. 940.225, 948.02, 948.025, 948.05, 948.06, or 948.085 (2), the district attorney or corporation counsel shall apply to the court for an order requiring the juvenile to submit to an HIV test and a test or a series of tests to detect the presence of a sexually transmitted disease, each of which tests shall be administered by a health care professional, and to disclose the results of those tests as specified in sub. (4) (a) to (e), if all of the following apply:

(a) The victim or alleged victim, if an adult, or the parent, guardian or legal custodian of the victim or alleged victim, if the victim or alleged victim is a child, requests the district attorney or corporation counsel to apply for that order.

(b) The district attorney or corporation counsel has probable cause to believe that the victim or alleged victim has had contact with body fluid of the juvenile that constitutes a significant exposure. If the juvenile is adjudicated delinquent, is found to be in need of protection or services or is found not responsible by reason of mental disease or defect under s. 938.30 (5), this paragraph does not apply.

(2m)Communicable disease testing. In a proceeding under s. 938.12 or 938.13 (12) in which the juvenile is alleged to have violated s. 946.43 (2m), the district attorney or corporation counsel shall apply to the court for an order requiring the juvenile to submit to a test or a series of tests administered by a health care professional to detect the presence of communicable diseases and to disclose the results of the test or tests as specified in sub. (5) (a) to (e), if all of the following apply:

(a) The victim or alleged victim, if an adult, or the parent, guardian or legal custodian of the victim or alleged victim, if the victim or alleged victim is a child, requests the district attorney or corporation counsel to apply for the order.

(b) The district attorney or corporation counsel has probable cause to believe that the act or alleged act of the juvenile that constitutes a violation of s. 946.43 (2m) carried a potential for transmitting a communicable disease to the victim or alleged victim and involved the juvenile's blood, semen, vomit, saliva, urine , feces, or other bodily substance.

(3)When order may be sought. The district attorney or corporation counsel may apply for an order under sub. (2) or (2m) at any of the following times:

(a) At or after the plea hearing and before a dispositional order is entered.

(b) At any time after the juvenile is adjudicated delinquent or found to be in need of protection or services.

(c) At any time after the juvenile is found not responsible by reason of mental disease or defect under s. 938.30 (5).

(d) If the court has determined that the juvenile is not competent to proceed under s. 938.30 (5) and has suspended proceedings on the petition, at any time after the determination that the juvenile is not competent to proceed.

(4)Disclosure of sexually transmitted disease and HIV test results. On receipt of an application for an order under sub. (2), the court shall set a time for a hearing on the application. If the juvenile has been found not competent to proceed under s. 938.30 (5), the court may hold a hearing under this subsection only if the court first determines that the probable cause finding can be fairly made without the personal participation of the juvenile. If, after hearing, the court finds probable cause to believe that the victim or alleged victim has had contact with body fluid of the juvenile that constitutes a significant exposure, the court shall order the juvenile to submit to an HIV test and a test or series of tests to detect the presence of a sexually transmitted disease. The tests shall be administered by a health care professional. The court shall require the health care professional who performs the tests to refrain from making the test results part of the juvenile's permanent medical record and to disclose the results of the tests to any of the following:

(a) The parent, guardian or legal custodian of the juvenile.

(b) The victim or alleged victim, if the victim or alleged victim is an adult.

(c) The parent, guardian or legal custodian of the victim or alleged victim, if the victim or alleged victim is a child.

(d) The health care professional that provides care for the juvenile, upon request by the parent, guardian or legal custodian of the juvenile.

(e) The health care professional that provides care for the victim or alleged victim, upon request by the victim or alleged victim or, if the victim or alleged victim is a child, upon request by the parent, guardian or legal custodian of the victim or alleged victim.

(5)Disclosure of communicable disease test results. On receipt of an application for an order under sub. (2m), the court shall set a time for a hearing on the application. If the juvenile has been found not competent to proceed under s. 938.30 (5), the court may hold a hearing under this subsection only if the court first determines that the probable cause finding can be fairly made without the personal participation of the juvenile. If, after hearing, the court finds probable cause to believe that the act or alleged act of the juvenile that constitutes a violation of s. 946.43 (2m) carried a potential for transmitting a communicable disease to the victim or alleged victim and involved the juvenile's blood, semen, vomit, saliva, urine or feces or other bodily substance of the juvenile, the court shall order the juvenile to submit to a test or a series of tests administered by a health care professional to detect the presence of any communicable disease that was potentially transmitted by the act or alleged act of the juvenile. The court shall require the health care professional who performs the test or series of tests to refrain from making the test results part of the juvenile's permanent medical record and to disclose the results of the test to any of the following:

(a) The parent, guardian or legal custodian of the juvenile.

(b) The victim or alleged victim, if the victim or alleged victim is an adult.

(c) The parent, guardian or legal custodian of the victim or alleged victim, if the victim or alleged victim is a child.

(d) The health care professional that provides care for the juvenile, upon request by the parent, guardian or legal custodian of the juvenile.

(e) The health care professional that provides care for the victim or alleged victim, upon request by the victim or alleged victim or, if the victim or alleged victim is a child, upon request by the parent, guardian or legal custodian of the victim or alleged victim.

(6)Payment for test costs. The court may order the county to pay for the cost of a test or series of tests ordered under sub. (4) or (5). This subsection does not prevent recovery of reasonable contribution toward the cost of that test or series of tests from the parent or guardian of the juvenile as the court may order based on the ability of the parent or guardian to pay. This subsection is subject to s. 301.03 (18).

History: 1995 a. 77; 1997 a. 181, 182, 237; 1999 a. 188; 2005 a. 277, 344; 2009 a. 209.

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