2017 South Carolina Code of Laws
Title 31 - Housing and Redevelopment
CHAPTER 23 - SOUTH CAROLINA COMMUNITY LAND TRUST
Section 31-23-20. Definitions.
Unless a different meaning clearly appears from the context, as used in this chapter:
(1) "Affordable" or "affordability" means, with respect to dwelling units for sale, the mortgage amortization, taxes, insurance and condominium or association fees, if any, or, with respect to dwelling units for rent, the rent and utilities that constitute no more than thirty percent of the annual household income for low or moderate income households, adjusted by household size, for the metropolitan statistical area in which the rental dwelling unit is located, as published from time to time by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).
(2) "Board of directors" means the governing body of a community land trust duly elected and constituted in accordance with the bylaws of such organization.
(3) "Community land trust (CLT)" means either:
(a) a wholly owned nonprofit subsidiary of an existing housing development and support organization that has received an exemption from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended; or
(b) a member-based, nonprofit housing development and support organization organized and existing under the laws of the State of South Carolina, either of which entities meets the requirements of this chapter. As soon after its incorporation as is practicable, a member-based CLT must make application to the IRS for a determination that it is an entity described in Section 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, and shall be prohibited from either soliciting or accepting contributions of any kind from any person, firm, or corporation other than its organizers unless and until notice of the determination has been received from the IRS.
(4) "First option to purchase" means the right of a CLT to purchase, at a formula-determined price, any improvements, leasehold interests or any other interests of a lessee of property the underlying title of which is vested in the CLT, or which is the subject of restrictive covenants as to continued affordability, which covenants are enforceable by the CLT.
(5) "Formula-determined price" means a price determined by means of a predetermined calculation which is contained in a ground lease between a CLT and a lessee which is related to the resale price of any building or other improvements situated on land owned by a CLT or encumbered with a covenant enforceable by a CLT and is intended to maintain the affordability of the building or other improvements.
(6) "Housing development and support organization" means a nonprofit organization that has the ability under its articles of incorporation and bylaws to:
(a) acquire parcels of land for use as affordable housing with the intention of entering into long-term ground leases;
(b) convey ownership of any structural improvements located on such leased parcels to various lessees;
(c) retain a preemptive option to purchase any such improvements at a formula-determined price; and
(d) provide organizational support, technical assistance, education, training and community support to its members. With regard to properties subject to horizontal property regimes, a housing development support organization may impose restrictive covenants upon dwelling units that it owns in order to ensure that the dwelling units remain affordable to low-income and moderate-income households.
(7) "Leasehold interest" means the interest of a lessee under a ground lease.
(8) "Low-income" means aggregate household income at or below eighty percent of the area median income, as determined by HUD.
(9) "Member-based" means an organization the membership of which is open to all adult residents of the geographic area served by the organization, and that the members of the organization's board of directors are directly elected by the membership as provided in the bylaws of the organization.
(10) "Moderate-income" means aggregate household income between eighty percent and one hundred and twenty percent of area median income, as determined by HUD.
(11) "Predominantly" means at least seventy percent.
(12) "Public funding" means financial resources provided by a federal, state, regional, or local governmental organization or by a local or regional housing trust fund or housing authority.
(13) "Public support" means nonfinancial resources that may include donated land or the conveyance of publicly owned property or the assignment of the first right to purchase reduced price housing units obtained from a private developer as a result of local government regulatory mandates or incentives.
HISTORY: 2012 Act No. 256, Section 1, eff June 18, 2012.