2018 Maryland Code
Health - General
Title 18 - Disease Prevention
Subtitle 9 - Catastrophic Health Emergency Disease Surveillance and Response Program
§ 18-904. Reporting requirements

  • (a) Information defined. -- In this section, "information" means medical, epidemiological, or other data concerning a specific individual or a group of individuals, regardless of whether the information is otherwise deemed confidential under Title 4 of this article or as otherwise provided under law.

  • (b) Methods of reporting or disclosing information. -- In order to maintain an effective disease surveillance system for detecting whether individuals have been exposed to a deadly agent, the Secretary may by order, directive, or regulation:

    • (1) Require a health care provider or other person to report information to the Secretary or other public official on the following:

      • (i) The presence of an individual or group of individuals with specified illnesses or symptoms;

      • (ii) Diagnostic and laboratory findings relating to diseases caused by deadly agents;

      • (iii) Statistical or utilization trends relating to potential disease outbreaks;

      • (iv) Information needed to conduct contact tracing for exposed individuals; and

      • (v) Other data deemed by the Secretary to have epidemiological significance in detecting possible catastrophic health emergencies;

    • (2) Obtain access to information in the possession of a health care provider;

    • (3) Require or authorize a health care provider to disclose information to an agency of the federal, State, or local government or another health care provider;

    • (4) Require a health care provider or other person to submit reports to the Department containing information detailing the presence and use of deadly agents;

    • (5) Obtain access to premises in order to secure environmental samples and otherwise investigate actual or potential exposures to deadly agents; and

    • (6) Require a veterinarian or other person to report data relating to specified illnesses or symptoms in animal populations.

  • (c) Limitation on use. -- The Secretary, in acquiring information under subsection (b) of this section, shall:

    • (1) Request and use nonidentifying information whenever possible; and

    • (2) Limit the use of confidential information to the extent necessary to detect and investigate actual or potential exposures to a deadly agent.

  • (d) Confidentiality. --

    • (1) Any information that the Secretary receives under subsection (b) of this section is confidential and may be used or disclosed only in accordance with this section.

    • (2) If the information requested in subsection (b) of this section is otherwise confidential under Title 4 of this article or as otherwise provided under law, the Secretary or person that receives the information may not redisclose the information except as provided in paragraph (3) of this subsection.

    • (3) A person may redisclose the information to another health care provider or public official provided that:

      • (i) The health care provider or public agency to whom the information is disclosed will maintain the confidentiality of the disclosure; and

      • (ii) The Secretary determines the disclosure is necessary to treat, prevent, or reduce the spread of the disease or outbreak believed to have been caused by the exposure to a deadly agent.

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