2020 Louisiana Laws
Title 15 - Criminal Procedure
§574.4.2. Decisions of committee on parole; nature, order, and conditions of parole; rules of conduct; infectious disease testing
RS 574.4.2 - Decisions of committee on parole; nature, order, and conditions of parole; rules of conduct; infectious disease testing
A.(1) The committee on parole may make rules for the conduct of persons heretofore or hereafter granted parole. When a prisoner is released on parole, the committee shall require as a condition of his parole that he refrain from engaging in criminal conduct.
(2) The committee may also require, either at the time of his release on parole or at any time while he remains on parole, that he conform to any of the following conditions of parole which are deemed appropriate to the circumstances of the particular case:
(a) Report, no later than forty-eight hours after being placed on parole, to the division of probation and parole office of the Department of Public Safety and Corrections which is listed on the certificate of parole.
(b) Reside at the address listed on the certificate of parole. Obtain written permission from the probation and parole officer prior to moving from this address or written permission prior to leaving the state of Louisiana.
(c) Submit a monthly report by the fifth day of every month until supervision is completed and report when ordered to do so by the probation and parole officer.
(d) Not engage in any criminal activity, nor associate with people who are known to be involved in criminal activity. Avoid bars and casinos and refrain from the use of illegal drugs or alcohol.
(e) Pay supervision fees to the Department of Public Safety and Corrections in an amount not to exceed sixty-three dollars based upon his ability to pay as determined by the committee on parole. Supervision fee payments are due on the first day of each month and may be used to defray the cost of supervision which includes salaries for probation and parole officers.
(f) Be employed at a lawful occupation. Employment shall be approved by the probation and parole officer. If employment is terminated, immediately report this to the probation and parole officer.
(g) Truthfully and promptly answer all questions as directed by the probation and parole officer.
(h) Submit to available medical, mental health or substance abuse exams, treatment, or both when ordered to do so by the probation and parole officer. Submit to drug and alcohol screens at personal expense.
(i) Agree to visits at residence or place of employment by the probation and parole officer at any time. Further agrees to searches of person, property, residence, or vehicle, when reasonable suspicion exists that criminal activity has been engaged in while on parole.
(j) Not possess or be in control of any firearms or dangerous weapons.
(k) Waive extradition to the state of Louisiana from any jurisdiction in or outside of the United States and agree not to contest any effort by any jurisdiction for return to the state of Louisiana.
(3) For those persons who have been convicted of a "sex offense" as defined in R.S. 15:541, agree to searches of his person, his property, his place of residence, his vehicle, or his personal effects, or any or all of them, at any time, by a law enforcement officer, duly commissioned in the parish or municipality where the sex offender resides or is domiciled, designated by his agency to supervise sex offenders, with or without a warrant of arrest or with or without a search warrant, when the officer has reasonable suspicion to believe that the person who is on parole is engaged in or has been engaged in criminal activity for which the person has not been charged or arrested while on parole.
(4) No offender, who is the parent, stepparent, or has legal custody and physical custody of the child who is the victim, shall be released on parole unless the victim has received psychological counseling prior to the offender's release if the offender is returning to the residence or community in which the child resides. Such psychological counseling shall include an attempt by the health care provider to ease the psychological impact upon the child of the notice required by the provisions of R.S. 15:574.4.3, including assisting the child in coping with potential insensitive comments and actions by the child's neighbors and peers. The cost of such counseling shall be paid by the offender.
(5)(a) If the offender has been convicted of a crime of violence as defined in R.S. 14:2 committed upon any person, any felony sex offense as defined in R.S. 46:1844(W) committed upon any person, any felony human trafficking-related offense as defined in R.S. 46:1844(W) committed upon any person, or any offense, that is a felony, committed upon a family member, household member, or dating partner, as those terms are defined by R.S. 46:2132, the committee on parole shall require as a condition of parole that the offender refrain from going to the residence or household of the victim, the victim's school, and the victim's place of employment or otherwise contacting the victim in any manner whatsoever, and shall refrain from having any further contact with the victim. The committee on parole shall also require as a condition of parole that the offender refrain from communicating, by electronic communication, in writing, or orally, with a victim of the offense, or with any of the victim's immediate family members. For the purposes of this Subsection, "immediate family member" means the spouse, mother, father, aunt, uncle, sibling, or child of the victim, whether related by blood, marriage, or adoption. If the victim or an immediate family member of the victim informs the committee on parole in writing that he does not wish for the committee on parole to impose the conditions in this Subsection, the committee on parole shall not impose the conditions in this Subsection as to the person making the written request. Nothing in this Paragraph shall be construed so as to impair, limit, or abrogate the authority of the committee on parole to require as a condition of parole any other protective order or any other restriction under any provision of law.
(b) Prior to the release of the offender on parole, a judge of the court of conviction shall cause to have prepared a Uniform Abuse Prevention Order, as provided in R.S. 46:2136.2(C), shall sign such order, and shall immediately forward it to the clerk of court for filing on the day that the order is issued. The clerk of the issuing court shall transmit the Uniform Abuse Prevention Order to the judicial administrator's office, Louisiana Supreme Court, for entry into the Louisiana Protective Order Registry, as provided in R.S. 46:2136.2(A), by facsimile transmission or direct electronic input as expeditiously as possible, but no later than the end of the next business day after the order is filed with the clerk of court. The clerk of the issuing court shall also send a copy of the Uniform Abuse Prevention Order, as provided in R.S. 46:2136.2(C), or any modification thereof, to the chief law enforcement officer of the parish where the person or persons protected by the order reside by facsimile transmission or direct electronic input as expeditiously as possible, but no later than the end of the next business day after the order is filed with the clerk of court. A copy of the Uniform Abuse Prevention Order shall be retained on file in the office of the chief law enforcement officer until otherwise directed by the court.
(6) If parole is revoked for any reason, all good time earned or any additional credits earned or which could have been earned on that portion of the sentence served prior to the granting of parole shall be forfeited, and the parolee shall serve the remainder of the sentence as of the date of release on parole
B. At the time these written conditions are given, the committee shall notify the parolee that:
(1) If he is arrested while on parole, the committee has the authority to place a detainer against him which will in effect prevent him from making bail pending any new charges against him; and
(2) Should his parole be revoked for any reason, good time earned prior to parole and good time that would have been earned if parole had not been granted will be forfeited, as required by R.S. 15:571.4.
C.(1)(a) When a victim of the crime for which parole is being considered has suffered a direct pecuniary loss other than damage to or loss of property, the parole committee may impose as a condition of parole that restitution be made to the victim. When such a condition is imposed, the committee shall consider the defendant's ability to pay and shall not revoke parole based upon this condition unless the parolee has willfully failed to comply. When the victim's loss consists of damage to or loss of property, the committee shall impose as a condition of parole payment of restitution, either in a lump sum or in monthly installments based on the earning capacity and assets of the defendant. If the victim was paid for such property loss or damage with monies from the Crime Victims Reparations Fund, the committee shall order the parolee to make such payments as reimbursement to the fund in the same amount as was paid from the fund to the victim. This condition of parole shall continue until such time as the restitution is paid or the parolee is discharged from parole in accordance with R.S. 15:574.6.
(b) If restitution to the victim is ordered as a condition of parole in accordance with the provisions of this Subsection and the victim cannot be located by the probation and parole officer within one year after the condition is imposed, the defendant shall direct the restitution payments to the Crime Victims Reparations Fund as provided for in R.S. 46:1816.
(2) Nothing in this Subsection shall affect a victim's civil remedy except that funds actually received shall be credited to any civil judgment arising out of the same offense.
D. If the prisoner has not paid and is liable for any costs of court or costs of the prosecution or proceeding in which he was convicted or any fine imposed as a part of his sentence, the committee on parole shall require as a condition of parole the payment of such costs or fine, either in a lump sum or according to a schedule of payments established by the committee and based upon the prisoner's ability to pay.
E. Before the committee on parole places a person on parole, the committee shall determine if he has a high school diploma or its equivalent and, if he does not, the committee shall condition parole upon the parolee's enrolling in and attending an adult education or reading program until he obtains a GED credential, or until he completes such educational programs required by the committee, and has attained a sixth grade reading level, or until his term of parole expires, whichever occurs first. All costs shall be paid by the parolee. If the committee finds that there are no adult education or reading programs in the parish in which the parolee is domiciled, the parolee is unable to afford such a program, or attendance would create an undue hardship on the parolee, the committee may suspend this condition of parole. The provisions of this Subsection shall not apply to those parolees who are mentally, physically, or by reason of age, infirmity, dyslexia, or other such learning disorders, unable to participate.
F. The collection of the supervision fee imposed pursuant to Subparagraph (A)(2)(e) of this Section shall be suspended upon the transfer of an offender to another state for parole supervision in that state, pursuant to the interstate compact for out-of-state parolee supervision as provided in R.S. 15:574.31 et seq.
G.(1) Before placing a person on parole, the committee on parole shall require that person to submit to a test designed to determine whether he is infected with a sexually transmitted disease, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), HIV-1 antibodies, or any other probable causative agent of AIDS and viral hepatitis.
(2) The procedure or test shall be performed by a qualified physician or other qualified person who shall notify the parolee of the test results.
(3) If the person tested under the provisions of this Subsection tests positive for a sexually transmitted disease, AIDS, HIV, HIV-1 antibodies, or any other probable causative agent of AIDS and viral hepatitis, he shall be referred to the appropriate health care and support services. If the person tested positive, the granting of the parole shall be conditioned upon the person seeking advice and counseling from the appropriate health care and support services. Failure to seek or follow that advice shall result in the revocation of that person's parole.
(4) The costs associated with this testing shall be paid by the person tested.
(5) Repealed by Acts 2015, No. 301, §2.
H. All inmates being released from state-operated prison facilities and state privately operated prison facilities shall be offered "opt-out" testing for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), prior to release, unless the inmate is known to be HIV positive or had a documented HIV test within the previous twelve months prior to release. If the inmate tested pursuant to the provisions of this Subsection tests positive for HIV, he shall be referred by the Department of Public Safety and Corrections to the appropriate health care and support services. "Opt-out" HIV testing, consent, and appropriate referral processes shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of R.S. 40:1171.3.
I. For purposes of this Section, "probation and parole officer" means:
(1) The probation and parole officer originally assigned to the parolee.
(2) Any probation and parole officer who is subsequently assigned or directed by the Department of Public Safety and Corrections to supervise the parolee, whether the assignment to the parolee is temporary or permanent.
Acts 2009, No. 299, §2, eff. July 1, 2009; Acts 2010, No. 241, §§1 and 2; Acts 2011, No. 219, §2; Acts 2012, No. 241, §1; Acts 2012, No. 714, §8; Acts 2015, No. 301, §§1, 2; Acts 2016, No. 111, §1; Acts 2017, No. 53, §1; Acts 2018, No. 267, §1; Acts 2018, No. 351, §2; Acts 2020, No. 246, §3.