2020 Georgia Code
Title 45 - Public Officers and Employees
Chapter 19 - Labor Practices
Article 2 - Fair Employment Practices

Editor's notes.

- Ga. L. 1983, p. 1097, effective July 1, 1983, deleted the Code sections formerly codified at this article and enacted the present article. The 1983 Act had the effect of amending or reenacting without change the Code sections comprising this article. The 1983 Act also had the effect of repealing former § 45-19-46, which was enacted by Ga. L. 1982, p. 1253, § 2, and which became effective November 1, 1982 (but see § 1 of the 1982 Act for similar provisions given effect prior to the November 1, 1982, effective date of the Code). Former § 45-19-46 provided for the repeal of this article on July 1, 1985.

Administrative Rules and Regulations.

- Commission on Equal Opportunity, Rules and Regulations of the State of Georgia, Title 186. Employee suggestion program, Official Compilation of the Rules and Regulations of the State of Georgia, Rules of State Personnel Board, Rule 478-1-.22.

Law reviews.

- For article surveying recent developments in Georgia administrative law, see 34 Mercer L. Rev. 393 (1982). For article, "Wheel of Fortune: A Critique of the 'Manifest Imbalance' Requirement for Race-Conscious Affirmative Action under Title VII," see 43 Ga. L. Rev. 993 (2009). For annual survey on employment discrimination, see 69 Mercer L. Rev. 1117 (2018). For article, "Age, Time, and Discrimination," see 53 Ga. L. Rev. 845 (2019). For note, "Workin' 9:00-5:00 for Nine Months: Assessing Pregnancy Discrimination Laws in Georgia," see 33 Ga. St. U. L. Rev. 771 (2017). For note, "Employer Beware: Changing the Landscape of Employment Discrimination Claims at the Summary Judgment Stage," see 68 Mercer L. Rev. 1145 (2017). For note, "Two Wrongs Don't Make It Right: Title VII, Sexual Orientation, and the Misuse of Stare Decisis," see 52 Ga. L. Rev. 685 (2018). For note, "Breaking the Binary: Desegregation of Bathrooms," see 36 Ga. St. U.L. Rev. 381 (2020). For note, "It's Their Party and They Can Opt in If They Want to: How the Eleventh Circuit Classifies Party Plaintiffs in an FLSA Collective Action," see 70 Mercer L. Rev. 783 (2019).


Superior courts have subject matter jurisdiction over timely Title VII claims under the Civil Rights Act of 1964 filed pursuant to Equal Employment Opportunity Commission notification to the claimant that, the federal prerequisites for suit having been fulfilled, suit may be filed. Collins v. DOT, 208 Ga. App. 53, 429 S.E.2d 707 (1993).

Original state court jurisdiction.

- The General Assembly's adoption of the Fair Employment Practices Act (FEPA), O.C.G.A. Art. 2, Ch. 19, T. 45, providing a state remedy, enforceable in state courts following state administrative proceedings, does not and cannot preclude pursuit of a ripe and independent federal Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 action in state courts. The superior courts' appellate jurisdiction over state FEPA claims does not affect their original jurisdiction over Title VII claims. Collins v. DOT, 208 Ga. App. 53, 429 S.E.2d 707 (1993).

Cited in Bleakley v. Jekyll Island-State Park Auth., 536 F. Supp. 236 (S.D. Ga. 1982); Washington v. Department of Human Resources, 759 F. Supp. 825 (M.D. Ga. 1991).


To be subject of charge under these statutory provisions, particular state agency must be charging party's employer. 1980 Op. Att'y Gen. No. 80-72.

Under these statutory provisions, a charge of discrimination may be brought only against charging party's employer. 1980 Op. Att'y Gen. No. 80-72.

Jurisdiction over charges of unlawful employment discrimination in university system.

- Georgia Office of Fair Employment Practices and Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia have concurrent jurisdiction over charge of unlawful employment discrimination in the university system. If either renders a final administrative determination, the other agency is barred from reconsidering those issues considered in earlier administrative proceeding provided same parties are involved in both proceedings. 1980 Op. Att'y Gen. No. 80-74. (But see 1983 Op. Att'y Gen. 83-35).


Discrimination Under Age Discrimination in Employment Act, 10 POF2d 1.

Age as Bona Fide Occupational Qualification Under ADEA, 15 POF2d 481.

Proof of Discrimination Under Age Discrimination in Employment Act, 44 POF3d 79.

Contingent Worker's Protection Under Federal Anti-Discrimination Statutes, 57 POF3d 75.

Employment Discrimination Action under Federal Civil Rights Acts, 21 Am. Jur. Trials 1.

Disability Discrimination Based on Dyslexia in Employment Actions Under the Americans with Disabilities Act, 74 Am. Jur. Trials 255.


- What constitutes unfair labor practice under state public employee relations Acts, 9 A.L.R.4th 20.

Rights of state and municipal public employees in grievance proceedings, 46 A.L.R.4th 912.

Judicial construction and application of state legislation prohibiting religious discrimination in employment, 37 A.L.R.5th 349.

Employee's retention of benefits received in consideration of promise not to enforce claims under Age Discrimination in Employment Act as ratification of otherwise invalid or voidable waiver under § 7(f)(1) of act (29 USCS § 626(f)(1)), 128 A.L.R. Fed. 577.

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