2006 Alabama Code - Section 25-5-50 — Articles not applicable to certain employers; exemption for corporate officers and independent contractors; coverage for school boards and volunteer fire departments and rescue squads; licensed real estate agent and product demonstrator not employee.

(a) This article and Article 2 of this chapter shall not be construed or held to apply to an employer of a domestic employee; an employer of a farm laborer; an employer of a person whose employment at the time of the injury is casual and not in the usual course of the trade, business, profession, or occupation of the employer; an employer who regularly employs less than five employees in any one business, or a municipality having a population of less than 2,000 according to the most recent federal decennial census. An employer who regularly employs less than five employees in any one business; a farm-labor employer; an employer of a domestic employee; or a municipality having a population of less than 2,000 according to the most recent federal decennial census, may accept and become subject to this article and Article 4 of this chapter by filing written notice thereof with the Department of Industrial Relations, a copy thereof to be posted at the place of business of the employer; provided further, that an employer who has so elected to accept this article and Article 4 of this chapter may at any time withdraw the acceptance by giving like notice of withdrawal. Notwithstanding the foregoing, an employer electing not to accept coverage under this article and Article 4 of this chapter shall notify in writing each employee of the withdrawal of coverage. Additionally, the employer shall post a notice in a conspicuous place notifying all employees and applicants for employment that workers' compensation insurance coverage is not available.

(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a), an officer of a corporation may elect annually to be exempt from coverage by filing written certification of the election with the department and the employer's insurance carrier.

At the end of any calendar year, a corporate officer who has been exempted, by proper certification from coverage, may revoke the exemption and thereby accept coverage by filing written certification of his or her election to be covered with the department and the employer's insurance carrier.

The certification for exemption or reinstatement of coverage shall become effective on the first day of the calendar month following the filing of the certification of exemption or reinstatement of coverage with the department.

If the corporate officer elects to be exempt from coverage, the election shall not relieve the employer from continuing coverage for all other eligible employees who may have been covered prior to the election or who may subsequently be employed by the firm.

(c) This section shall not be construed to mandate any school board to provide coverage until sufficient funds are appropriated from the Education Trust Fund to implement the provisions. Nothing contained herein shall prohibit any school board that voluntarily elects to provide such coverage from doing so with local or other available funds.

(d) This section shall provide for voluntary coverage of certified volunteer fire departments as described in Section 9-3-17 and legally organized rescue squads that meet the minimum personnel and equipment standards as established by the Alabama Association of Rescue Squads, that are engaged in fighting a fire or performing other duties involving any emergency incident and while performing any official supervised duties of the organization, including maintaining equipment and attending official training classes, and while traveling to and from an emergency incident.

(e) In all cases where an injury that is compensable under the terms of the Alabama Workers' Compensation Law is received by a volunteer fire fighter or rescue squad member, the wages for purposes of computing the average weekly wage shall be equal to 66 2/3 percent of what he or she is earning at his or her regular place of employment or 66 2/3 percent of the minimum wage, whichever is greater.

(f) State certified volunteer fire departments and legally organized rescue squads are herein granted the right to purchase workers' compensation medical or disability insurance, or both, but in no event are they required to do so.

In no event shall the regular employer of a volunteer fire fighter or rescue squad member be liable for a compensable injury under this section.

(g) A licensed real estate agent operating under a licensed broker shall not be considered an employee for the purposes of this chapter.

(h) An independent contractor, as defined by the guidelines of the United States Internal Revenue Service, who regularly employs less than five employees in any one business, and who is engaged in the business of constructing or assisting on-site in the construction of single-family, detached residential dwellings, may file with the Department of Industrial Relations, Workers' Compensation Division an affidavit of exemption from workers' compensation coverage which affidavit shall certify that the independent contractor desires to be exempt and to exempt his employees from being able to recover under the workers' compensation policy or self insurance of a person for whom the independent contractor will perform work as an independent contractor. This affidavit of exemption must be filed with the Alabama Department of Industrial Relations, Workers' Compensation Division, which shall validate it. An affidavit validated under this section is binding and holds harmless from all workers' compensation benefit claims of injured employees of an independent contractor a person who contracts with an independent contractor as described above after receiving a copy of the validated affidavit and the workers' compensation insurance carrier of the person who contracts with such independent contractor. Nothing herein is intended or shall be construed as abrogating the liability of or immunizing the person who contracts with an independent contractor as described above from third party liability to an injured worker pursuant to Section 25-5-11, or pursuant to any other provisions of statutory or case law other than the Workers' Compensation Act as described above.

(i) An individual who performs services as a product demonstrator shall not be considered an employee for purposes of this chapter. The term "product demonstrator" shall mean any individual who satisfies both of the following requirements:

(1) Is engaged in the trade or business of demonstrating, exhibiting, or soliciting the purchase of food, food-related products offered for sale, or other consumer products offered for sale to any buyer on the premises of a grocery store, dry good store, or similar retail establishment, or trade show;

(2) Who performs those services pursuant to a written contract between the individual and a person whose principal business is providing demonstrators to third parties for such purposes and the contract provides that the individual will not be treated as an employee with respect to the services for federal tax purposes.

(Code 1923, §7543; Acts 1939, No. 661, p. 1036, §2; Code 1940, T. 26, §263; Acts 1971, No. 667, p. 1376, §3; Acts 1973, No. 1062, p. 1750, §5; Acts 1975, No. 565, p. 1299, §2; Acts 1975, 4th Ex. Sess., No. 86, p. 2622, §3; Acts 1979, No. 79-325, p. 488; Acts 1983, No. 83-592, p. 925, §1; Acts 1984, No. 84-322, p. 741, §2; Acts 1992, No. 92-537, p. 1082, §10; Acts 1993, No. 93-649, p. 1121, §1; Acts 1996, No. 96-260, p. 289, §1.)

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