Wisconsin Supreme Court Decisions

The Wisconsin Supreme Court focuses on reviewing appeals from the lower appellate court, but it also oversees the practice of law throughout Wisconsin, including the conduct of attorneys and judges. It holds original jurisdiction only in a narrow range of situations. The Supreme Court has issued a Code of Judicial Conduct, divided into five sections. It emphasizes the importance of independence, integrity, and impartiality in the operations of the judiciary, and it warns judges against conflicts of interest and inappropriate political activities. Seven justices serve on the Court, and each of their terms lasts for 10 years.

Article VII, Section 24 of the Wisconsin Constitution provides the eligibility requirements to serve as a justice. A candidate must be under 70 years old and must have been licensed to practice law in the state for at least five years before they are elected or appointed. Wisconsin uses non-partisan elections to choose its justices. These elections may be held in each year in which the term of an active justice ends. No more than one seat may be decided in any year. If a vacancy arises during the middle of a term, the Governor of Wisconsin holds the authority to appoint an interim justice. To stay on the Court, the interim justice must run in an election in the next year in which no other justice’s term ends.

Wisconsin recently changed the process of determining which justice serves as the Chief Justice. This required an amendment to the Wisconsin Constitution, which was passed in April 2015. Before the amendment, seniority on the Supreme Court determined the selection of the Chief Justice. Under the new system, the justices vote to elect the Chief Justice, who serves a two-year term in that role. After the amendment was passed, the Chief Justice at the time filed a lawsuit in a federal court to try to block it, but the court dismissed the case.

Browse Opinions From the Wisconsin Supreme Court

Recent Decisions From the Wisconsin Supreme Court
Phillips v. Wisconsin Elections Commission
Date: February 2, 2024
Docket Number: 2024AP000138-OA
Office of Lawyer Regulation v. John O. Ifediora
Date: January 26, 2024
Docket Number: 2022AP000041-D
Clarke v. Wisconsin Elections Commission  
Date: December 22, 2023
Docket Number: 2023AP001399-OA

Justia Opinion Summary: A group of voters and officials in Wisconsin brought a case before the Supreme Court of Wisconsin, arguing that the state's current legislative districts were not contiguous and therefore violated the state constitution.…

Office of Lawyer Regulation v. Matthew T. Luening
Date: December 15, 2023
Docket Number: 2020AP002166-D
Office of Lawyer Regulation v. Gary King
Date: December 15, 2023
Docket Number: 2022AP000745-D
Office of Lawyer Regulation v. Peter James Nickitas
Date: December 15, 2023
Docket Number: 2023AP001294-D
Office of Lawyer Regulation v. Steven D. Johnson
Date: November 2, 2023
Docket Number: 2022AP000011-D
Office of Lawyer Regulation v. Felipe N. Gomez
Date: November 2, 2023
Docket Number: 2023AP001034-D
State v. Donte Quintell McBride
Date: October 10, 2023
Docket Number: 2021AP000311-CR
State v. Morris V. Seaton
Date: October 10, 2023
Docket Number: 2021AP001399-CR
Rebecca Clarke v. Wisconsin Elections Commission
Date: October 10, 2023
Docket Number: 2023AP001399-OA
Stephen Joseph Wright v. Wisconsin Elections Commission
Date: October 10, 2023
Docket Number: 2023AP001412-OA
Rebecca Clarke v. Wisconsin Elections Commission
Date: October 6, 2023
Docket Number: 2023AP001399-OA
Stephen Joseph Wright v. Wisconsin Elections Commission
Date: October 6, 2023
Docket Number: 2023AP001412-OA
Office of Lawyer Regulation v. Nicole Lynn Beran
Date: September 29, 2023
Docket Number: 2023AP000734-D
The opinions published on Justia State Caselaw are sourced from individual state court sites. These court opinions may not be the official published versions, and you should check your local court rules before citing to them. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site, or the information linked to on the state site.

Some case metadata and case summaries were written with the help of AI, which can produce inaccuracies. You should read the full case before relying on it for legal research purposes.

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