State v. Roberti

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646 P.2d 1341 (1982)

293 Or. 236

STATE of Oregon, Respondent On Rehearing/Petitioner On Review, v. Gary Patrick ROBERTI, Petitioner On Rehearing/Respondent On Review.

TC T79-12-0348, CA 18838; SC 27840.

Supreme Court of Oregon, In Banc.

Submitted on Petition for Rehearing May 24, 1982.

Decided June 22, 1982.

*1342 J. Michael Alexander and Brown, Burt, Swanson, Lathen & Alexander, Salem, for petitioner.

No appearance contra.

Submitted on Respondent's Petition for Rehearing May 24, 1982.

LENT, Justice.

Upon defendant's petition for rehearing, Justice Roberts withdraws her former concurring opinion and joins in Justice Lent's former dissenting opinion, which had been joined by Justice Peterson. Justice Linde also joins in the former dissenting opinion of Justice Lent for the reasons stated in Justice Linde's former dissenting opinion. The result is that a majority of the court now holds that the trial court erred in overruling the objection to receipt of the evidence as described in the former majority opinion, State v. Roberti, 293 Or. 59, 62-63, 644 P.2d 1104, 1106, 1107 (1982).

It remains to consider whether the error, beyond a reasonable doubt, was harmless. Chapman v. California, 386 U.S. 18, 87 S. Ct. 824, 17 L. Ed. 2d 705 (1967); Or.Const. Art. VII (Amend), ยง 3; State v. Naylor, 291 Or. 191, 196, 629 P.2d 1308, 1310 (1981). In announcing his decision as factfinder, the trial judge stated:

"Well, I listened to this carefully and I have to disregard the evidence put in by the state on the breath test. But all in all, I'm convinced beyond a reasonable doubt that defendant was under the influence of intoxicants at the time based on the weaving which the officer testified to, the count backwards which he said he had all fouled up, the balance he said wasn't very good, and the defendant himself when asked to rate himself between zero and ten whether sober to real drunk said a `low 5.' That indicates to me that he thought himself that he was somewhat affected. So the finding will be guilty of the charge."

We find, as did the Court of Appeals, that the trial court error was not harmless.

It follows that the decision of the Court of Appeals must be affirmed and the case remanded to the District Court for trial.

DENECKE, C.J., and TANZER and CAMPBELL, JJ., dissent for the reasons stated in Justice TANZER'S former majority opinion.