State v. Fair

Annotate this Case

493 P.2d 182 (1972)

STATE of Oregon, Respondent, v. Boyce Gail FAIR, Appellant.

Court of Appeals of Oregon, Department 2.

Argued and Submitted January 19, 1972.

Decided February 4, 1972.

J. Marvin Kuhn, Deputy Public Defender, Salem, argued the cause for appellant. With him on the brief was Gary D. Babcock, Public Defender, Salem.

Al J. Laue, Asst. Atty. Gen., Salem, argued the cause for respondent. With him on the brief were Lee Johnson, Atty. Gen., and John W. Osburn, Sol. Gen., Salem.

Before SCHWAB, C.J., and LANGTRY and FORT, JJ.


Defendant appeals from conviction and sentence for grand larceny. ORS 164.310. He asserts his defense of former jeopardy should have dictated dismissal.

Defendant was indicted, tried and convicted with two others of burglary not in a dwelling. A television set was taken from a motel during the burglary. The trial court nullified the conviction because it became convinced that the proof in that case was that the motel was a dwelling. Thereafter, defendant was indicted with the others in the case at bar for larceny of the television set and was convicted. Defendant pleaded former jeopardy, claiming that any alleged larceny was included in the same transaction as the burglary charge of which he had been acquitted. The trial court rejected the former jeopardy plea on the reasoning that a burglary is a completed criminal act under ORS 164.240 when a breaking occurs with intent to commit a crime in the broken place; therefore, when a crime follows therein it also may be prosecuted. The trial judge cited, inter alia, The People v. Niemoth, 409 Ill. 111, 98 N.E.2d 733 (1951), cert. denied 344 U.S. 858, 73 S. Ct. 97, 97 L. Ed. 666 (1952); Williams v. State, 205 Md. 470, 109 A.2d 89 (1954); and People v. Snyder, 241 N.Y. 81, 148 N.E. 796 (1925), which support his decision.

We think other decisions, including recent Oregon cases, also support the trial court's decision. Thus, in State v. Woolard, 92 Or.Adv.Sh. 789, 484 P.2d 314 (1971), the Supreme Court held that convictions of burglary and a larceny committed as a part of the same transaction could not be the basis for separate convictions and sentences, but, it said:

"* * * We are only prohibiting the convicting and sentencing for both burglary and larceny. We are not thereby barring the charging of both offenses * * *." 92 Or.Adv.Sh. at 795, 484 P.2d at 317.

By this reasoning, the charge of larceny could stand in the case at bar. And under *183 State v. Miller, Or. App., 92 Adv.Sh. 963, 484 P.2d 1132, Sup.Ct. review denied (1971), and State v. Elliott, Or. App., 93 Adv.Sh. 447, 488 P.2d 1189 (1971), the fact that defendant had already been acquitted of the first offense charged would not, on account of former jeopardy, bar the second. In Miller we said:

"`Thus, to constitute a valid plea of former jeopardy, two distinct factors at least must be shown to concur the same act and the same statutory offense.' 231 Or. at 52, 365 P.2d at 496 [State v. McDonald, 231 Or. 48, 365 P.2d 494 (1962)]." State v. Miller supra, 92 Adv. Sh. at 964-965, 484 P.2d at 1133.

The defendant's plea does not meet that test.