State Ex Rel. Yarbrough v. Snider

Annotate this Case

465 P.2d 739 (1970)

STATE of Oregon ex rel. Timothy G. Yarbrough, Aka Timothy George Yarbrough, Appellant, v. Dean SNIDER, Sheriff of Josephine County, Respondent.

Court of Appeals of Oregon, Department 2.

Argued and Submitted January 22, 1970.

Decided February 26, 1970.

Rehearing Denied March 24, 1970.

Review Denied April 28, 1970.

*740 William M. Sloan, Grants Pass, argued the cause for appellant. On the briefs were Johnson & Sloan, Grants Pass.

Robert M. Burrows, Deputy Dist. Atty., Grants Pass, argued the cause for respondent. With him on the brief was Michael S. Killoran, Dist. Atty., Grants Pass.


The plaintiff, Timothy George Yarbrough, appeals from a judgment of the circuit court discharging his writ of habeas corpus and remanding him to the custody of the sheriff of Josephine County.

As in his previous appeal, where the Oregon Supreme Court reversed a similar judgment of the same trial court (State ex rel. Yarbrough v. Snider, 252 Or. 35, 448 P.2d 379 (1968)), the plaintiff's detention arises out of a requisition of the Governor of California demanding the return of the plaintiff as a fugitive from justice on the basis of escape from legal custody. The Governor of Oregon issued a warrant for plaintiff's arrest.

In the previous case, State ex rel. Yarbrough v. Snider, supra, it was held that the supporting documents from California did not contain the authentication by the Governor of California required by ORS 147.030. For this reason the judgment of the lower court was reversed and the prisoner was ordered released. Subsequently, new proceedings were commenced and a new warrant was issued by the Governor of California on the basis of documents forwarded by the State of California. The record shows that the Governor of California certified that these documents "are authentic and duly authenticated in accordance with the laws of the State of California." In Mays v. Shields, 251 Or. 168, 444 P.2d 949 (1968), it was held that such an authentication fulfills the requirements of ORS 147.030.

Plaintiff now contends that the copy of the judgment required by ORS 147.030, which was forwarded from California, is insufficient in that it is "an abstract of judgment." ORS 147.030 requires a copy of the "* * * judgment of conviction or sentence * * *." The requisition, it is true, states the annexed papers include an "Abstract of Judgment." The document thus identified is entitled:

"ABSTRACT OF JUDGMENT (Commitment to State Prison as provided by Penal Code Section 1213.5)."

This document is two pages long, and has the usual content of a complete judgment. The plaintiff complains that this is only an abstract of the judgment, but he overlooks the certification of the court clerk that these records are "full, true and correct copies of the original INFORMATION, COMPLAINT AND JUDGMENT on file" in his office, and that they constitute a "full and complete exemplification of the documents in the same cause and of the whole thereof." (Emphasis supplied.)

The plaintiff also contends that the decision in State ex rel. Yarbrough v. Snider, supra, makes res judicata these proceedings. The documents in the first proceeding were not authenticated in the manner required by law. Therefore, the substantive questions involved could not be adjudicated in that case.

*741 In Wells v. Sheriff, Carter County, 442 P.2d 535 (Okl.Cr. 1968), a habeas corpus proceeding, where it was held that under the facts there a previous judgment in an extradition proceeding was res judicata, the court said:

"* * * [T]his decision is not to be confused with those situations wherein the writ of habeas corpus is granted because of the insufficiency of the extradition papers, or other procedural defects which may be subsequently corrected * * * for in those situations the granting of a writ of habeas corpus may not be res judicata, as to a subsequent extradition demand." 442 P.2d 541.