State v. AlstonAnnotate this Case
158 S.E.2d 52 (1967)
272 N.C. 278
STATE of North Carolina v. Rip ALSTON.
Supreme Court of North Carolina.
December 13, 1967.
*53 M. Hugh Thompson, Durham, Court-appointed Counsel for Defendant Appellant.
T. W. Bruton, Atty. Gen., and James F. Bullock, Deputy Atty. Gen., for the State.
When the defendant came before the Bar, the presiding judge was most solicitous. He emphasized that the defendant was entitled to an attorney and did everything but force the defendant to accept the services of court-appointed and expensefree counsel. The defendant was emphatic in his refusal. He told the Court that "[he] could do it [defend himself] as well as any lawyer." The Court then apparently reluctantly permitted the defendant to go to trial after having made findings in full compliance with Johnson v. Zerbst, 304 U.S. 458, 58 S. Ct. 1019, 82 L. Ed. 1461, and Powell v. State of Alabama, 287 U.S. 45, 53 S. Ct. 55, 77 L. Ed. 158.
The gist of all these rulings is concisely stated in Gideon v. Wainwright, 372 U.S. 335, 83 S. Ct. 792, 9 L.Ed.2d 799:"Counsel must be provided for defendants unable to employ counsel unless the right is competently and intelligently waived."
In State v. Pritchard, 227 N.C. 168, 41 S.E.2d 287, Chief Justice Stacy said:"The defendant insisted on trying his own case, which he had every right to do under the statute. G.S. 1-11. He proved to be a poor lawyer and an unwise client."
In State v. McNeil, 263 N.C. 260, 139 S.E.2d 667 and State v. Bines, 263 N.C. 48, 138 S.E.2d 797, we held that the constitutional right to counsel does not justify forcing counsel upon an accused who wants none.
To represent him in this appeal, the defendant has accepted the services of court-appointed counsel who urges that the defendant did not have sufficient intelligence to knowingly and understandingly waive the right to counsel. The defendant is a high school graduate, worked at a radio station, booked bands for dances, operated a business in Durham (Speedie Products), and is writing a religious book. His activities refute his lawyer's claim.
The evidence for the State tended to show that on December 19 the defendant delivered ten packages of marijuana to Gossie Hudson, for which he received $50.00. On December 21, he gave another package of marijuana to Hudson.
The defendant did not testify, and this was his right. Neither did he offer other witnesses to refute the State's evidence. He cross examined the State's witnesses with some degree of skill, but left the evidence against him with no contradiction. It was quite sufficient to support the verdicts against him. His exception to the failure of the Court to set them aside is overruled.
In his trial, we find