Rhinehardt v. North Carolina Mutual Life Ins. Co.

Annotate this Case

119 S.E.2d 614 (1961)

254 N.C. 671

Preston RHINEHARDT v. NORTH CAROLINA MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY.

No. 610.

Supreme Court of North Carolina.

May 10, 1961.

John W. Langford, High Point, for plaintiff.

W. G. Pearson, II, Durham and W. W. Perry, for defendant.

PER CURIAM.

At the trial defendant stipulated that a policy of insurance in the amount of $500 was issued and delivered by it on 7 September 1959 on the life of Angeline Rhinehardt, that insured died 29 November 1959, and that the premiums were paid to and including the date of death. Plaintiff then introduced the policy and rested.

Defendant introduced evidence tending to show: Insured was a diabetic. She had been treated by a physician for chronic diabetes from 1938 to the time of her death. She had been hospitalized six or seven times a year for diabetes. She had taken insulin for several years, at one period in large quantities. In her written application for insurance Angeline Rhinehardt stated that she had never had diabetes. Defendant, as a matter of policy, did not insure diabetics.

Defendant's evidence was uncontradicted. At the close of all the evidence defendant moved for a judgment of involuntary nonsuit. The motion was overruled.

By offering in evidence the policy of insurance and defendant's admission of its execution and delivery, the payment of premiums and the death of insured, plaintiff made out a prima facie case. The burden was on defendant to establish misrepresentations relied on by it to avoid the policy. Wells v. Jefferson Standard Insurance Co., 211 N.C. 427, 431, 190 S.E. 744. When a plaintiff has made out a prima facie case, nonsuit is improper and it would constitute reversible error to sustain a motion therefor. Furthermore, the court may not direct a verdict in favor of a party having the burden of proof, even though the evidence is uncontradicted. The weight and credibility of the evidence is for the jury.

It is true that, when plaintiff's evidence establishes defendant's affirmative defense, nonsuit is proper. Slaughter v. State Capital Life Insurance Co., 250 N.C. 265, 269, 108 S.E.2d 438. But this is not the *616 case here. Plaintiff offered no evidence bearing on defendant's affirmative defense.

Since defendant's evidence was uncontradicted, defendant was entitled to a peremptory instruction. Slaughter v. State Capital Life Insurance Co., supra, 250 N. C. at page 269, 108 S.E.2d at page 441. But defendant made no request for such instruction. The court properly overruled the motion for nonsuit.

The trial court instructed the jury in part as follows: "* * * (T)he defendant is relying upon the claim or contentions that Angeline Rhinehardt at the time the application was made had diabetes and that she stated at that time she did not, and that that was a false statement, and further, that it was a material statement in that had the company known at the time she made application that she had diabetes, it would not have issued the policy. Now, that is what you are to determine from this evidence, and by its greater weight, whether or not that is true. * * * (I)f you are satisfied from this evidence and by its greater weight, the burden being on the defendant to so satisfy you, that Angeline Rhinehardt at the time she made an application for the policy, if she had or had had diabetes, if you find that she made a false statement to the person taking her application; that statement being that she did not have diabetes, when you find as a fact that she did, and if you so find, the burden being on the defendant to so satisfy you, and you further find that that false statement is a material statement or material false statement in that if you are satisfied from the evidence and by its greater weight that the company would not have issued the policy had they known that she had diabetes, then it would be a material statement, so the burden is on the defendant to satisfy you from this evidence and by its greater weight as to that issue."

The court erred in permitting the jury to determine whether or not the representation was material. In an application for a policy of life insurance, written questions relating to health and written answers thereto are deemed material as a matter of law. Tolbert v. Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Co., 236 N.C. 416, 419, 72 S.E.2d 915. The inquiry for the jury is whether or not insured made the statement and whether or not it was false. If insured made the statement and if it was false, the question as to whether it was fraudulently, knowingly or innocently made is of no importance. The statement in either case is material as a matter of law, and the policy will be avoided. Equitable Life Assurance Society of United States v. Ashby, 215 N. C. 280, 1 S.E.2d 830, 831; Petty v. Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Co. of California, 212 N.C. 157, 193 S.E. 228.

For error in the charge there will be a

New trial.