Carter v. Carter

Annotate this Case

61 S.E.2d 711 (1950)

232 N.C. 614

CARTER v. CARTER.

No. 386.

Supreme Court of North Carolina.

November 8, 1950.

*712 Sutton & Greene, Kinston, for plaintiff appellee.

Jones, Reed & Griffin, Kinston, for defendant appellant.

*713 BARNHILL, Justice.

The testimony offered at the hearing is not brought forward in the record. Therefore, it must be presumed that the findings of fact are supported by competent evidence. Hughes v. Oliver, 228 N.C. 680, 47 S.E.2d 6; Roach v. Pritchett, 228 N.C. 747, 47 S.E.2d 20; Radeker v. Royal Pines Park, Inc., 207 N.C. 209, 176 S.E. 285.

Upon the facts found, the one question presented for decision is this: Is the child born to plaintiff and defendant prior to their intermarriage a child of the marriage within the meaning of G.S. § 50-13? We are constrained to answer in the affirmative.

G.S. § 49-12 provides that when the mother of an illegitimate child and the reputed father of such child shall intermarry at any time after the birth of such child, the child "shall in all respects after such intermarriage be deemed and held to be legitimate and entitled to all the rights in and to the estate, real and personal, of its father and mother that it would have had had it been born in lawful wedlock."

Under G.S. § 50-13, the judge may enter an order in a divorce action, either before or after final judgment therein, requiring the father to furnish support for the education and maintenance of the "minor children of the marriage" which is the subject matter of the action. Winfield v. Winfield, 228 N.C. 256, 45 S.E.2d 259.

In part these two sections of our statutes regulate the family circle and define the rights and responsibilities of members of that circle. They must therefore be construed in pari materia.

From and after the marriage of the mother and the reputed father of an illegitimate child, such child shall be deemed and held to be legitimate just as if it had been born in lawful wedlock. In a divorce action the father of a child of the marriage may be required to support such child. In brief, these are the pertinent provisions of the two sections.

When used in reference to a child, "legitimate" means "lawfully begotten", "born in wedlock", "having or involving full filial rights and obligations by birth." Webster's New Int. Dic., 2d ed.

G.S. § 49-12 gives to the word "legitimate" a new or additional meaning not strictly within its ordinary definition. It is within the legislative power to define the sense in which words are employed. For it to do so is not an invasion of the province of the courts. 50 A.J. 253. Instead, we adopt the meaning impressed upon words by legislative enactment, for we are bound to follow the intent and purpose of its acts.

So then, in determining the status and rights of the child of plaintiff and defendant under the circumstances here existing, we are enjoined by the Legislature to hold that it is legitimate, that is, that it was lawfully begotten, was born in wedlock, and possesses full filial rights and obligations by birth. This being true, we must conclude that it is in law a minor child of the marriage of the plaintiff and defendant. Stewart v. Stewart, 195 N.C. 476, 142 S.E. 577; In re Estate of Wallace, 197 N.C. 334, 148 S.E. 456. If it was lawfully begotten and born in wedlockas, under the statute, we must concludeit is a child of the marriage within the meaning of G.S. § 50-13.

The use of the word "reputed" rather than "putative" in G.S. § 49-12 "was intended merely to dispense with absolute proof of paternity, so that, if the child is `regarded,' `deemed,' 'considered,' or `held in thought,' by the parents themselves, as their child, either before or after marriage, it is legitimate." Bowman v. Howard, 182 N.C. 662, 110 S.E. 98, 100.

On the hearing of a motion of this kind, whether the child is "a minor child of the marriage" is perhaps a question of fact rather than an issue of fact. Even so, the trial judge had the authority to call a jury to his aid to hear the evidence and determine the question at issue. Barker v. Humphrey, 218 N.C. 389, 11 S.E.2d 280. It was to this end that the motion was *714 transferred to the civil issue docket. The allowance of support for the child, pending final hearing, was not improper.

The judgment entered in the court below is affirmed.