Oliver v. RobertsAnnotate this Case
271 S.E.2d 399 (1980)
James L. OLIVER, Jr. and Craven Venture Management, Inc. v. John B. ROBERTS and John Roberts, Ltd.
Court of Appeals of North Carolina.
October 30, 1980.
*400 White & Crumpler by Fred G. Crumpler, Jr., and Robert B. Womble, Winston-Salem, for plaintiffs-appellants.
Hudson, Petree, Stockton, Stockton & Robinson by Norwood Robinson and F. Joseph Treacy, Jr., Winston-Salem, for defendants-appellees.
The question presented for our review is whether the trial court erred in granting defendants' motions to dismiss and for summary judgment pursuant to G.S. 1A-1, Rules 12(b)(6) and 56, of the Rules of Civil Procedure. We find that the motions were properly allowed.
*401 We note at the outset that in granting defendants' motions, the trial court considered, inter alia, the depositions of the parties, the plaintiffs' amended complaint, the affidavits of plaintiffs, the affidavit of Alvin A. Goldhush, and the defendants' interrogatories to plaintiff Craven Management, Inc., and the answers thereto by Ben F. Craven, Jr. Because the trial court considered matters outside the pleadings in reaching its decision, the motion should be treated as a motion for summary judgment and disposed of in the manner provided in Rule 56. Kessing v. National Mortgage Corp., 278 N.C. 523, 180 S.E.2d 823 (1971).
Where a motion for summary judgment is granted, the critical questions for determination upon appeal are whether on the basis of the materials presented to the trial court, there is a genuine issue as to any material fact and whether the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Barbour v. Little, 37 N.C.App. 686, 247 S.E.2d 252, cert. denied, 295 N.C. 733, 248 S.E.2d 862 (1978). In this regard, we find it instructive to note that "[w]hether there is a genuine issue of fact is not the question. The question is whether the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with the affidavits, if any, show that there is a genuine issue as to any material fact." (emphasis in original) Tuberculosis Assoc. v. Tuberculosis Assoc., 15 N.C.App. 492, 494, 190 S.E.2d 264, 265 (1972). Therefore, although the presence of immaterial, factual questions does not preclude the grant of summary judgment, the moving party retains the continuing burden of establishing the nonexistence of any triable issue of fact. The movant may discharge this burden either by proving that an essential element of the opposing party's claim is nonexistent or by showing through discovery that the opposing party cannot produce evidence to support an essential element of its claim. Zimmerman v. Hogg & Allen, 286 N.C. 24, 209 S.E.2d 795 (1974).
Plaintiffs contend that the case sub judice is one where Roberts as co-venturer withdrew from the venture and in concert with a third party, pursued the very object of the venture. Plaintiffs maintain that it was this conduct by Roberts that prevented them from purchasing the GAC assets. In support of these contentions, plaintiffs allege that: Roberts negotiated directly with Goldhush "without keeping Craven and Oliver advised of what was going on"; Goldhush has made Roberts a vice president in the new corporation formed to acquire the GAC assets; Goldhush has reimbursed Roberts for all the expenses Roberts had incurred while attempting to negotiate for the purchase of the assets; and Roberts has received from Goldhush an option to purchase fifty percent of the GAC assets for fifty percent of Goldhush's investment therein. While there exist factual disputes with respect to most of the above allegations, it is significant to note that even if all of plaintiffs' contentions are admitted, they would not assist plaintiffs in discharging their burden of establishing a causal relation between some specific act or omission by defendants and plaintiffs' failure to effect the purchase of the aircraft assets. It is well settled that proof of such a causal relation is an essential element of plaintiffs' cause of action. See Meyer v. McCarley and Co., Inc., 288 N.C. 62, 215 S.E.2d 583 (1975). We note further that the largely baseless nature of plaintiffs' allegations is illustrated by the deposition testimony of Ben F. Craven, Jr. Craven testified in pertinent part:"To the very best of my knowledge, Roberts cooperated in every possible way to try to put this deal together. He contacted all the people he could, including Goldhush. * * * * * * I cannot specifically state anything that Roberts did that was against my best interest as I alleged in the complaint."
Plaintiffs' pleadings, affidavits, deposition testimony, and answers to interrogatories are otherwise void of any allegations of specific instances of active or omissive conduct by defendants which was contrary to the interests of plaintiffs in the GAC assets.
*402 In viewing the record, as we must, in the light most favorable to plaintiffs, we are compelled to conclude that plaintiffs' evidence fails to raise a genuine issue of material fact with respect to their allegations that defendants detrimentally affected plaintiffs' ability to acquire the GAC assets. Indeed, all the evidence indicates that the efforts of the parties to acquire the aircraft assets failed because of plaintiffs' inability or unwillingness to borrow the money necessary to enter into an agreement with Goldhush.
Ordinarily where an agreement of joint venture fails to fix a definite date of termination, the agreement remains in force until its purpose is accomplished or until such accomplishment has become impracticable. 46 Am.Jur.2d, Joint Ventures, § 30, p. 51. Where, as here, it is the failure of the complaining parties to make agreed contributions to the common undertaking which makes continuation of the effort impracticable, such parties have no claim to share any of the benefits or profits which may be subsequently derived therefrom. 46 Am.Jur.2d, Joint Ventures, § 45, p. 65.
The judgment below is
ARNOLD and WELLS, JJ., concur.