Harrington v. Harrington

Annotate this Case

206 S.E.2d 742 (1974)

22 N.C. App. 419

Jane Pritchett HARRINGTON v. George Faulkner HARRINGTON.

No. 7426DC369.

Court of Appeals of North Carolina.

July 17, 1974.

*743 Farris, Mallard & Underwood, by E. Lynwood Mallard, Charlotte, for plaintiff appellee.

Joe T. Millsaps, Charlotte, for defendant appellant.

BALEY, Judge.

Defendant has raised two defenses against plaintiff's complaint: abandonment *744 and adultery. Neither is a valid defense in this case, and the District Court properly granted plaintiff's motion to strike them.

Ordinarily a person cannot obtain a divorce on the ground of a year's separation if he has brought about the separation by abandoning his spouse. Eubanks v. Eubanks, 273 N.C. 189, 159 S.E.2d 562; Rupert v. Rupert, 15 N.C.App. 730, 190 S.E.2d 693, cert. denied, 282 N.C. 153, 191 S.E.2d 759. But when the spouse who has been abandoned obtains a divorce from bed and board, or an order for alimony without divorce, or any other order having the effect of a judicial separation, the separation is legalized, and after the passage of one year either spouse may obtain an absolute divorce. Rouse v. Rouse, 258 N.C. 520, 128 S.E.2d 865; Lockhart v. Lockhart, 223 N.C. 559, 27 S.E.2d 444; Johnson v. Johnson, 12 N.C.App. 505, 183 S.E.2d 805, cert. denied, 279 N.C. 727, 184 S.E.2d 884.

In Rouse v. Rouse, supra, 258 N.C. at 521, 128 S.E.2d at 866, Justice Sharp explained the theory underlying the doctrine of legalized separation:

"The law does not require a man to live with his wife. It does, however, force him to support her in the absence of some compelling reason to the contrary. When the law, by civil judgment, has secured to the wife reasonable support and maintenance after a husband has wrongfully separated himself from her, it has required him to perform his legal obligation and can do no more. The separation is legalized from then on unless marital relations are resumed thereafter."

In the same way, the law does not require a woman to live with her husband. It does require her to act in the best interest of her children, and when a husband and wife are separated, the courts will take appropriate measures regarding the custody of the children. When the courts have done this, they have done all they can do, and the separation is thenceforth legalized.

In this case, plaintiff's separation from defendant was legalized by the District Court order of 24 April 1972. As modified by the Court of Appeals, this order granted custody of Amy Harrington to plaintiff and custody of Bruce Harrington to defendant. It provided for visitation privileges and required defendant to make child support payments. There was also a finding that plaintiff had abandoned defendant. Clearly, in making this order, the District Court recognized the separation of the parties and gave judicial sanction to it. The separation was thereby legalized, and the defense of abandonment is no longer available to defendant.

At one time adultery was a defense to an action for divorce on the ground of a year's separation. The North Carolina Supreme Court so held in the case of Taylor v. Taylor, 225 N.C. 80, 33 S.E.2d 492, and Pharr v. Pharr, 223 N.C. 115, 25 S.E.2d 471. But in Pickens v. Pickens, 258 N.C. 84, 127 S.E.2d 889, the Supreme Court changed the rule of the Taylor and Pharr cases. In Pickens the Court stated:

"If the husband alleges and establishes that he and his wife have lived separate and apart continuously for two years or more next preceding the commencement of the action within the meaning of G.S. § 50-6, the only defense recognized by our decisions is that the separation was caused by the act of the husband in wilfully abandoning her."

258 N.C. at 86, 127 S.E.2d at 890. Since the Pickens case was decided, the General Assembly has reduced the period of separation from two years to one year. G.S. § 50-6.

It seems clear that the position taken by the Court in the Pickens case is the better one. See 1 Lee, N.C. Family Law, § 88, at 74 n. 74 (Supp.1974). G.S. § 50-6, *745 the statute permitting divorce on the ground of a year's separation, was enacted in order to enable a husband and wife to terminate their marriage without the sensationalism and public airing of dirty linen which necessarily accompany a divorce based on fault. If this purpose is to be fully effectuated, recriminatory defenses other than the defense of abandonment should not be recognized in divorce actions based on separation. When a husband and wife have been separated for over three years and the wife has committed adultery, "the substance of the marriage has long since disappeared. The parties cannot live together in happiness; they have demonstrated that they have no intention to resume conjugal relations." 1 id. § 68, at 270 (1963). The preservation of a marriage which is only an empty shell can be of no benefit to the husband; it can be of no benefit to the wife; and it certainly can be of no benefit to society. In such a situation the parties should be allowed to end their marriage in a quiet and dignified manner, by means of a divorce on the ground of a year's separation. See generally 1 id. § 88, at 336-38 (1963).

The case of Robuck v. Robuck, 20 N.C. App. 374, 201 S.E.2d 557, relied upon by defendant, does not hold that adultery is a defense to a divorce action based on separation. In Robuck the husband sued for divorce on the ground of a year's separation. The wife counterclaimed for alimony without divorce, alleging that her husband had maliciously turned her out of doors (which is a form of abandonment, Pruett v. Pruett, 247 N.C. 13, 23, 100 S.E.2d 296, 303), committed adultery and offered indignities. The husband contended that all these defenses were barred by a property settlement agreement which the wife had signed. This Court held that a mere property settlement agreement could not bar any defense to divorce. It did not discuss the question of whether adultery was a valid defense to an action for divorce on the ground of separation.

The District Court correctly held that the defenses of abandonment and adultery are not available to defendant in this action.

Affirmed.

BROCK, C. J., and BRITT, J., concur.