Douglas v. BoothAnnotate this Case
169 S.E.2d 492 (1969)
6 N.C. App. 156
Emmie Cason DOUGLAS v. Edwin Lineberry BOOTH and Thompson-Arthur Paving Company.
Court of Appeals of North Carolina.
September 17, 1969.
*494 Alston, Pell, Pell & Weston, by E. L. Alston, Jr., Greensboro, for plaintiff.
Smith, Moore, Smith, Schell & Hunter, by Bynum Hunter, Greensboro, for defendant Edwin Lineberry Booth.
Lovelace, Hardin & Bain, by Edward R. Hardin, High Point, for defendant Thompson-Arthur Paving Co.
Plaintiff contends that she had the right of way at the intersection because she was traveling on the dominant street (Willow Road). She contends that the stop sign, having been erected, designated Willow Road as the dominant street and Tuscaloosa Street as the servient street; and that her rights were not changed merely because the stop sign was not in place at the time of the collision. She relies upon Kelly v. Ashburn, 256 N.C. 338, 123 S.E.2d 775.
Defendant Booth contends that he was not confronted with a stop sign; that there is no evidence that he knew of the previously existing stop sign; and that he was entitled to rely upon the rule of G.S. § 20-155(a) granting to him the right of way over a motorist approaching the intersection from his left at approximately the same time. He relies upon Tucker v. Moorefield, 250 N.C. 340, 108 S.E.2d 637.
We do not consider Kelly v. Ashburn, supra, and Tucker v. Moorefield, supra to be in conflict.
G.S. § 20-158(a) provides in part as follows:"The State Highway Commission, with reference to State highways, and local authorities, with reference to highways under their jurisdiction, are hereby authorized to designate main traveled or through highways by erecting at the entrance thereto from intersecting highways signs notifying drivers of vehicles to come to full stop before entering or crossing such designated highway, and whenever any such signs have been so erected it shall be unlawful for the driver of any vehicle to fail to stop in obedience thereto and yield the right-of-way to vehicles operating on the designated main traveled or through highway and approaching said intersection."
With respect to intersections at which no stop sign, or yield right of way sign, has been erected, G.S. § 20-155(a) provides in pertinent part as follows:"When two vehicles approach or enter an intersection and/or junction at approximately the same time, the driver of the vehicle on the left shall yield the right-of-way to the vehicle on the right * * * except where the vehicle on the right is required to stop by a sign erected pursuant to the provisions of § 20-158 * * *."
In Tucker the evidence affirmatively showed that the stop sign had not been erected originally under the authority of G.S. § 20-158(a) and consequently the street upon which plaintiff (Tucker) was traveling had not been properly designated the dominant street; therefore the Court held that the rule of G.S. § 20-155(a) was applicable to both plaintiff and defendant. In Kelly the evidence permitted the inference that the stop sign had been erected originally under the authority of G.S. § 20-158(a), and the Court held plaintiff's right to rely on the assumption that defendant, approaching from plaintiff's right, would stop was not lost because the stop sign had been removed. However, in both cases the defendant's rights and duties were to be governed by the right of way rule provided by G.S. § 20-155(a).
In the present case, considering the evidence in the light most favorable to plaintiff, the evidence would permit findings as follows: Plaintiff was driving north on Willow Road; Willow Road had been designated the dominant street by proper authority by the placing of stop signs on either side of its intersection with Tuscaloosa Street facing traffic on Tuscaloosa Street; plaintiff was familiar with *495 the intersection and with the existence of the stop signs for traffic on Tuscaloosa Street; and she did not know that the stop sign on the east side of the intersection had been removed. Under these circumstances plaintiff was proceeding along the dominant street and was entitled to assume that traffic on the servient street would yield her the right of way, and this right was not lost because the stop sign had been temporarily removed. Kelly v. Ashburn, supra.
However, there was no evidence that defendant Booth knew the stop sign had been erected or removed. Willow Road and Tuscaloosa Street are both approximately thirty-four feet wide. Plaintiff and Booth were approaching the intersection at approximately the same time. Plaintiff was approaching from Booth's left and Booth was approaching from plaintiff's right. Under these circumstances Booth was entitled to rely on G.S. § 20-155(a) granting the vehicle on the right the right of way when they both approach an intersection at approximately the same time. Kelly v. Ashburn, supra; Tucker v. Moorefield, supra. There was no evidence that Booth was driving at an unreasonable speed or in any other way was improperly operating his vehicle.
Plaintiff had the burden of proving negligence on the part of defendant Booth; but the record is bare of any evidence of negligence on his part. The physical facts at the scene, as disclosed by plaintiff's evidence, show that Booth's vehicle was in its right lane of travel; that his vehicle entered the intersection before plaintiff's; and that the front of his vehicle was in the northwest quadrant of the intersection at the time plaintiff's vehicle struck his at his left front door. According to the record plaintiff and her passenger both testified that plaintiff's vehicle had almost completely crossed the intersection before defendant Booth's vehicle entered. However, this testimony is in irreconcilable conflict with the physical facts as established by plaintiff's uncontradicted evidence.
Plaintiff's witness, the investigating officer, testified: "I found some skid marks leading up to the rear of the Douglas [plaintiff's] vehicle." "This left skid mark leading up to the left rear of the Douglas car extended back some distance from out of the intersection and into the intersection." "These skid marks leading up to the rear of the Douglas car were about straddle the middle of the street." "The damage to the station wagon [Booth's vehicle] is primarily in the left front door." The damage to plaintiff's vehicle was on its front. Plaintiff's photographs corroborated the testimony of the investigating officer.
The skid marks, point of impact, and damage to the vehicles point clearly to the fact that the vehicles approached the intersection at approximately the same time, and clearly show that plaintiff's vehicle was not "almost out" of the intersection when Booth's vehicle entered.
"As a general rule, evidence which is inherently impossible or in conflict with indisputable physical facts or laws of nature is not sufficient to take the case to the jury, and in case of such inherently impossible evidence, the trial court has the duty of taking the case from the jury." Jones v. Schaffer, 252 N.C. 368, 114 S.E.2d 105; Hardy v. Tesh, 5 N.C.App. 107, 167 S.E.2d 848.
We hold that plaintiff has failed to offer evidence, consistent with the undisputed physical facts, which shows any negligence on the part of defendant Booth, and that the nonsuit as to him was proper.
With respect to the defendant Thompson-Arthur Paving Company, plaintiff contends that it removed the stop sign and negligently failed to replace it, and that such negligence was a proximate cause of the collision and her resulting damages. The only evidence relating to removal of the stop sign for construction showed that the stop sign was temporarily removed on 18 November 1964 and securely replaced on the same day after some grading on the *496 shoulder of the street was completed. This was approximately thirty days before the collision in question, and the record is bare of any evidence of how, when, or by whom the stop sign was again removed. Nor is there evidence from which it can reasonably be inferred that removal of the sign again was necessary for defendant paving company to accomplish its work. How, when, why, or by whom the stop sign was again removed is a matter of conjecture under the evidence in this case.
We hold that plaintiff has failed to offer evidence of any negligence on the part of defendant Thompson-Arthur Paving Company, and that nonsuit as to it was proper.
BRITT and VAUGHN, JJ., concur.