Donaldson v Port Auth. of N.Y. and N.J.

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Donaldson v Port Auth. of N.Y. and N.J. 2018 NY Slip Op 33207(U) December 13, 2018 Supreme Court, New York County Docket Number: 153624/2018 Judge: Arlene P. Bluth Cases posted with a "30000" identifier, i.e., 2013 NY Slip Op 30001(U), are republished from various New York State and local government sources, including the New York State Unified Court System's eCourts Service. This opinion is uncorrected and not selected for official publication. INDEX NO. 153624/2018 [*FILED: 1] NEW YORK COUNTY CLERK 12/13/2018 02:25 P NYSCEF DOC. NO. 15 RECEIVED NYSCEF: 12/13/2018 SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK NEW YORK COUNTY PRESENT: IAS MOTION 32 PART HON. ARLENE P. BLUTH Justice -------------------------------------------------------------------------X MARYBETH DONALDSON, Individually, as Administrator of the ESTATE OF ANDREW DONALDSON, Deceased, and as Parent and Natural Guardian of A.D. and G.D., Plaintiff, 153624/2018 INDEX NO. MOTION DATE 12/04/2018 MOTION SEQ. NO. --~00~1'----- -vTHE PORT AUTHORITY OF NEW YORK AND NEW JERSEY, DECISION AND ORDER Defendant. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------X The following e-filed documents, listed by NYSCEF document number (Motion 001) 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 DISMISS were read on this motion to/for The motion to dismiss by defendant is granted. Background This action arises out of the untimely death of Andrew Donaldson. On the morning of July 27, 2017, Mr. Donaldson was walking along the south walkway of the George Washington Bridge when he jumped off the railing into the Hudson River below. Plaintiff claims that defendant knew of the serious risk posed by the low railing next to the walkway and the potential for people to commit suicide. Plaintiff points out that in the five-week period between July and August 2017, five people died after jumping off the bridge. Plaintiff argues that defendant failed to take necessary steps to address the obvious risk of people attempting to commit suicide at the George Washington Bridge. Plaintiff questions why defendant did not install suicide prevention 153624/2018 DONALDSON, MARYBETH vs. PORT AUTHORITY OF NEW Motion No. 001 1 of 4 Page 1of4 INDEX NO. 153624/2018 [*FILED: 2] NEW YORK COUNTY CLERK 12/13/2018 02:25 P NYSCEF DOC. NO. 15 RECEIVED NYSCEF: 12/13/2018 fencing and argues that the failure to do so makes defendant liable. Plaintiff argues that defendant had a duty to the public to ensure a safe crossing. Defendant moves to dismiss on the ground that it cannot be held liable for Mr. Donaldson's self-inflicted injury. Defendant argues that plaintiff failed to state a cause of action for wrongful death because the suicide in this case was not reasonably foreseeable and it is not a mental health professional equipped to detect potential suicides. Defendant stresses that it does not owe a duty to those who commit suicide on the bridge. . In opposition, plaintiff posits that defendant ignored an obvious danger and that it was reasonably foreseeable that the failure to install suicide prevention barriers would result in suicides. Plaintiff observes that she does not seek relief under the attractive nuisance doctrine. Discussion "On a CPLR 3211 motion to dismiss, the court will accept the facts as alleged in the complaint as true, accord plaintiffs the benefit of every possible favorable inference, and determine only whether the facts as alleged fit within any cognizable legal theory" (Nonnon v City ofNew York, 9 NY3d 825, 827, 842 NYS2d 756 [2007] [internal quotations and citation omitted]). Plaintiff relies heavily on Ginsburg v City ofIthaca (839 F.Supp2d 537 [ND NY 2012]), a case where plaintiffs alleged that Ithaca created an unreasonably dangerous condition by failing . to install safeguards on a bridge to prevent Cornell students from committing suicide. The federal court found that defendants had a duty to maintain the bridge in a reasonably safe condition to prevent suicides and denied, in part, defendants' motion to dismiss (id. at 542-43). 153624/2018 DONALDSON, MARYBETH vs. PORT AUTHORITY OF NEW Motion No. 001 2 of 4 Page 2 of4 INDEX NO. 153624/2018 [*FILED: 3] NEW YORK COUNTY CLERK 12/13/2018 02:25 PM NYSCEF DOC. NO. 15 RECEIVED NYSCEF: 12/13/2018 This Court respectfully disagrees with the federal court's decision. Instead, this Court embraces the holding of Justice Kings County, who found that defendant had no duty to a plaintiff who jumped off the George Washington Bridge (Per/av v The Port Auth. Of the State ofNew York, Index No. 501644/2017 [Sup Ct, Kings County, April 9, 2018] [dismissing a wrongful death claim]). Although plaintiff points out that there are numerous suicides and suicide attempts at the George Washington Bridge, the fact is that the cause of action arose from an intentional, intervening act (deciding to jump off the bridge). A dangerous condition cannot be created simply because someone makes it dangerous for himself. For instance, a pedestrian cannot create a dangerous condition by running across Park Avenue without the walk sign and hold the city liable, or jump in front of a subway train and hold the transit authority liable. The wrongful death action claimed here did not arise because of a dangerous condition on the bridge; the cause of action arose out of Mr. Donaldson's decision to jump off the bridge and commit suicide. And there was no special relationship between Mr. Donaldson and defendant. Defendant had no reason to suspect what was about to happen on the morning of July 27, 2017. Summary Although it might be good public policy to put up suicide prevention guards on bridges and rooftops and subway stations and river banks, that fact does not mean that defendant is liable for not putting up such safeguards. To hold otherwise would require property owners to assess the ways people might attempt to commit suicide on their property and implement preventative strategies or face potential liability. This Court will not impose that burden. Property owners are not held to have the duty of a mental health professional. Most property owners have no idea 153624/2018 DONALDSON, MARYBETH vs. PORT AUTHORITY OF NEW Motion No. 001 3 of 4 Page 3 of 4 INDEX NO. 153624/2018 [*FILED: 4] NEW YORK COUNTY CLERK 12/13/2018 02:25 P NYSCEF DOC. NO. 15 RECEIVED NYSCEF: 12/13/2018 about the mental state of the people who traverse their properties. They cannot be held liable because someone makes the tragic decision to take his own life. Accordingly, it is hereby ORDERED that defendant's motion to dismiss is granted and the complaint is dismissed in its entirety, with costs and disbursements to defendant as taxed by the Clerk of the Court, and ilio Cl;~~'.';~~:<o rn<« jod..rn< "~orologly lo fu'"' of defrnd~'(Mf;h__ DATE CHECK ONE: ARLENE P. BLUTH, J.S.C. § CASE DISPOSED GRANTED APPLICATION: CHECK IF APPROPRIATE: D DENIED SETILEORDER INCLUDES TRANSFER/REASSIGN ~ 153624/2018 DONALDSON, MARYBETH vs. PORT AUTHORITY OF NEW Motion No. 001 4 of 4 . NON-FINAL~~RLENE P. BLUTH GRANTED IN PART SUBMIT ORDER FIDUCIARY APPOINTMENT D D OTHER REFERENCE Page 4 of 4