Schwartz v. Woodahl

Annotate this Case

487 P.2d 300 (1971)

Alvin P. SCHWARTZ, Plaintiff, v. Robert WOODAHL, Attorney General, for the State of Montana, Defendant.

No. 12096.

Supreme Court of Montana.

July 20, 1971.

*301 Alvin P. Schwartz, pro se.



Petitioner seeks what he terms a "Default in Judgment" but actually wants a writ to release a detainer filed against him. Petitioner is confined in the Utah State Prison at Draper, Utah, and was previously confined in the Montana State Prison, from which prison he was paroled. As a condition of that parole he waived extradition in the event of parole violation.

This proceeding stems from a writ of habeas corpus filed by petitioner in the United States District Court in Salt Lake City, Utah, and now pending.

Petitioner complains that his waiver of extradition as a condition of parole was "intimidation", "coercive" and ex post facto in operation and effect.

Petitioner's claims are without merit as in Ex parte Casemento, 24 N.J. Misc. 345, 49 A.2d 437, 439, it is well settled that:

"* * * constitutional rights can be waived. Even the basic and fundamental right to a trial by jury can be waived, both under the Federal and State Constitutions. Patton v. United States, 281 U.S. 276, 50 S. Ct. 253, 74 L. Ed. 854, 70 A.L.R. 263; Adams v. United States, 317 U.S. 269, 63 S. Ct. 236, 87 L. Ed. 268, 143 A.L.R. 435; State v. Stevens, 84 N.J.L. 561, 87 A. 118. Similarly may an accused waive his constitutional right, under the Federal and State Constitutions to the assistance of counsel. Moses v. Hudspeth, 10 Cir., 129 F.2d 279, certiorari denied 317 U.S. 665, 63 S. Ct. 73, 87 L. Ed. 534; Adams v. United States, supra; State v. Murphy, 87 N.J.L. 515, 94 A. 640."

In the above cited case the court went on to hold that the waiver of extradition as a condition of parole was not unconstitutional; such waiver while operating in futuro does not make the execution of the waiver ex post facto.

Finally, petitioner seeks a "Default in Judgment" by virtue of the attorney general's failure to respond to any of his actions filed in five federal courts. In our view the attorney general is not required to appear and respond to frivolous petitions filed in sister states.

The petition is denied.