RANDY JAY ARCERI V CITY OF NOVIAnnotate this Case
STATE OF MICHIGAN
COURT OF APPEALS
RANDY JAY ARCERI,
December 1, 1998
Oakland Circuit Court
LC No. 96-530490 CZ
CITY OF NOVI and ALAN AMOLSCH,
Before: Sawyer, P.J., and Wahls and Hoekstra, JJ.
Plaintiff appeals of right from the circuit court order granting the motion for summary disposition
filed by defendants. We affirm. This appeal is being decided without oral argument pursuant to MCR
Plaintiff affixed an election banner to his vehicle. Amolsch, a code enforcement officer for the
City, issued plaintiff a citation for violating § 28-11(b)(2) of the City’s sign ordinance. Section 28
11(b)(2) prohibits the erection of banners “anything in this chapter to the contrary notwithstanding.”
Plaintiff challenged the citation in district court. He argued that because § 28-1 of the ordinance defined
“sign” as “a name, identification, description, display, device, or illustration which is affixed to, or
painted, or otherwise represented directly or indirectly upon a building, structure, or parcel of land . . .,”
and that because his vehicle was not a “building, structure, or parcel of land,” the ordinance was
inapplicable. The district court accepted plaintiff’s argument and dismissed the citation.
Plaintiff filed this suit in circuit court alleging malicious prosecution and violation of various state
constitutional rights. Defendants moved for summary disposition pursuant to MCR 2.116(C)(8) and
(10), arguing that because § 28-11(b)(2) prohibited the erection of banners, issuance of the citation was
proper and no violation of rights occurred. In response, plaintiff contended that in prior years the City
had adopted a policy of not issuing citations for election signs and that during the 1993 election cycle the
City had determined that such signs were legal. The trial court granted defendants’ motion for summary
disposition, finding that plaintiff had failed to set forth facts to support a finding of malice, that probable
cause existed for issuing the citation, and that no violation of rights occurred.
This Court reviews de novo a trial court’s ruling on a motion for summary disposition.
Harrison v Olde Financial Corp, 225 Mich App 601, 605; 572 NW2d 679 (1997). On appeal,
plaintiff argues that the evidence showed that in 1993 the City determined that the display of political
signs on vehicles was permissible, without reference to the size of the sign. Plaintiff posits that given this
evidence, an issue of fact existed as to whether Amolsch had a good faith belief that probable cause
existed to issue the citation. Further, plaintiff asserts that because Amolsch committed the tort of
malicious prosecution while acting within the scope of his authority, the City is vicariously liable. See
Ross v Consumers Power Co (On Rehearing), 420 Mich 567, 625; 363 NW2d 641 (1984).
We affirm the trial court’s decision. In order to succeed on a claim for malicious prosecution, a
claimant must prove that the defendant initiated a criminal prosecution, that the criminal prosecution was
terminated in his favor, that there was an absence of probable cause for the proceedings, and that the
action was undertaken with malice or a purpose other than bringing the offender to justice. Matthews v
Blue Cross & Blue Shield of Michigan, 456 Mich 365, 378; 572 NW2d 603 (1998). Section 28
11(b)(2) prohibits the erection of banners within the City. The evidence does not demonstrate that
banners of the type that plaintiff placed on his vehicle could be erected without penalty. Plaintiff could
not establish the absence of probable cause for initiation of the criminal proceedings, and thus could not
state a claim for malicious prosecution. MCR 2.116(C)(8).
Finally, the trial court correctly found that because the claim of violation of constitutional rights
was premised on the allegation that initiation of criminal proceedings constituted malicious prosecution,
the finding that the prosecution was not malicious mandated a conclusion that plaintiff’s constitutional
rights were not violated.
/s/ David H. Sawyer
/s/ Myron H. Wahls
/s/ Joel P. Hoekstra