PEOPLE OF MI V JOHN PAIGEAnnotate this Case
STATE OF MICHIGAN
COURT OF APPEALS
PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN,
July 28, 1998
LC No. 96-000640
Before: Bandstra, P.J., and Griffin and Young, Jr., JJ.
The prosecution appeals as of right an order dismissing charges of armed robbery, MCL
750.529; MSA 28.797, and possession of a firearm during the commission of a felony, MCL
750.227b; MSA 28.424(2), against defendant. In light of a recent decision by our Supreme Court, we
reverse and remand for further proceedings.
In People v Bender, 452 Mich 594, 597; 551 NW2d 71 (1996), the Court held that the police
must inform a suspect that a retained attorney is immediately available for consultation, and the failure to
do so per se, before a confession is obtained, precludes a knowing and intelligent waiver of the rights to
remain silent and to counsel. Applying Bender retroactively to the events surrounding defendant’s
November 1995 statement to police, the trial court in the instant case suppressed defendant’s
incriminating statement and dismissed the charges on the basis that the statement was not given
knowingly and intelligently because the police did not tell defendant that a retained attorney had
contacted the police and was available for defendant to consult.
However, our Supreme Court’s recently released decision in People v Sexton, ___Mich ___;
___NW2d ___(1998) (Docket Nos. 108195, 108749, 109143, rel’d 7/1/98), mandates reversal of
the trial court’s suppression order. In Sexton, the Court held that the Bender rule does not implicate a
defendant’s constitutional rights but is a prophylactic rule aimed at deterring police misconduct and, by
its nature, can only have prospective effect on police conduct. The Sexton Court therefore held that the
Bender rule should not be applied retroactively but instead applies only to interrogations that occurred
after the date on which the Bender decision was issued, July 23, 1996.
Because the present defendant’s interrogation occurred prior to the effective date of the Bender
rule, the resultant inculpatory statement should not have been suppressed on the basis of Bender. We
therefore reverse the decision of the trial court and remand the case for further proceedings consistent
with this opinion.
Reversed and remanded. We do not retain jurisdiction.
/s/ Richard A. Bandstra
/s/ Richard Allen Griffin
/s/ Robert P. Young, Jr.