Maryland Supreme Court Decisions

Located in Annapolis, the Maryland Supreme Court is the highest court in Maryland. (It was known as the Maryland Court of Appeals until December 14, 2022, when a constitutional amendment changed its name.) The Court issues rules of administration, practice, and procedure that govern lower courts and the legal profession in Maryland. In addition to answering broad legal questions, it holds exclusive jurisdiction over cases involving certain issues. These include appeals from a death sentence, challenges to legislative redistricting, and matters related to the removal of elected officials. The Court also oversees disciplinary proceedings for attorneys and judges.

To serve as a judge on the Maryland Supreme Court, a candidate must be at least 30 years old at the time of their appointment and admitted to practice law in the state. A candidate also must be a citizen and a qualified voter in Maryland, a resident of the state for at least five years, and a resident of the judicial circuit to which they are appointed for at least six months. Seven judges serve on the Court, representing each of the state’s seven appellate judicial circuits. The Governor of Maryland appoints each judge, but the Maryland Senate must confirm them. To remain on the Court after their appointment, they must win a retention election at least one year later. Each judge serves a 10-year term. Judges in Maryland must retire when they turn 70.

A judge may be removed from the Maryland Supreme Court if they are impeached by the House of Delegates and convicted by two-thirds of the Senate. They also may be removed by the Governor upon the address of the General Assembly if the Governor obtains the agreement of two-thirds of the House of Delegates and two-thirds of the Senate. In other cases, the Supreme Court may remove one of its judges if the Commission on Judicial Disabilities recommends this measure. The General Assembly also has the authority to retire a judge upon a two-thirds vote in each house, combined with the concurrence of the Governor.

Browse Opinions From the Maryland Supreme Court

Recent Decisions From the Maryland Supreme Court
Attorney Grievance Comm'n v. Paul
Date: September 25, 2023
Docket Number: 7ag/23
Reinstatement of Wescott
Date: September 8, 2023
Docket Number: 2ag/23
In re: M.P.
Date: September 8, 2023
Docket Number: 3pc/23
Eastland Food v. Mekhaya
Date: September 5, 2023
Docket Number: 37/22
Prince George's County v. Concerned Citizens  
Date: September 1, 2023
Docket Number: 23/22

Justia Opinion Summary: In this zoning dispute involving the interplay between the public's interest in the future of a private airport in Prince George's County and the financial interests of its owner, the Supreme Court held that the amended…

Attorney Grievance Comm'n v. Luke
Date: September 1, 2023
Docket Number: 83ag/22
Attorney Grievance Comm'n v. Johnson
Date: September 1, 2023
Docket Number: 84ag/22
Attorney Grievance Comm'n v. Rossbach
Date: August 31, 2023
Docket Number: 15ag/22
Attorney Grievance Comm'n v. Weinberg
Date: August 31, 2023
Docket Number: 1ag/22
Baltimore Police Dep't v. Open Justice Baltimore  
Date: August 31, 2023
Docket Number: 20/22

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court held that the Baltimore Police Department (BPD) arbitrarily and capriciously denied Open Justice Baltimore's (OJB) request for a fee waiver in relation to the production of closed files relating to…

Prince George's County v. Concerned Citizens  
Date: August 31, 2023
Docket Number: 23/22

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court reversed the decision of the appellate court reversing the judgment of the circuit court finding that a county ordinance did not violate Maryland's uniformity requirement requiring zoning laws to "be…

Clark v. State  
Date: August 31, 2023
Docket Number: 25/22

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court upheld the judgment of the circuit court on postconviction review ordering a new trial for Petitioner, holding that Petitioner was provided ineffective assistance of counsel due to trial counsel's…

Eastland Food Corp. v. Mekhaya  
Date: August 31, 2023
Docket Number: 37/22

Justia Opinion Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed in part and reversed in part the decision of the appellate court reversing the judgment of the circuit court granting Defendants' motion to dismiss this case for failure to state a claim upon…

Petition for Reinstatement of Laumann
Date: August 31, 2023
Docket Number: 3ag/23
Petition for Reinstatement of Roberts
Date: August 31, 2023
Docket Number: 4ag/23
The opinions published on Justia State Caselaw are sourced from individual state court sites. These court opinions may not be the official published versions, and you should check your local court rules before citing to them. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site, or the information linked to on the state site.
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