Stanley v. State

Annotate this Case

476 S.E.2d 58 (1996)

222 Ga. App. 750


No. A96A1257.

Court of Appeals of Georgia.

September 13, 1996.

*59 Michael R. McCarthy, Rocky Face, for appellant.

T. Joseph Campbell, District Attorney, Rebecca B. Tierce, Assistant District Attorney, for appellee.


Randall Lee Stanley appeals the trial court's denial of his motion for out-of-time appeal. Stanley contends he was denied effective assistance of counsel on appeal. We disagree and affirm the judgment of the trial court.

"To establish ineffective assistance of counsel, [a defendant] must show that his counsel's performance was deficient and that the deficient performance prejudiced his defense. Strickland v. Washington, 466 U.S. 668, 687, 104 S. Ct. 2052, 80 L. Ed. 2d 674 (1984)." Gross v. State, 262 Ga. 232, 233-234(1), 416 S.E.2d 284 (1992). The test is whether there is a reasonable probability the jury would have reached a different verdict, absent the error of counsel. Gross, supra.

In analyzing a claim of ineffective assistance of counsel, we note at the outset that a trial court's finding that a defendant has not been denied effective assistance of counsel will be affirmed unless clearly erroneous. Warren v. State, 197 Ga.App. 23, 24(1), 397 S.E.2d 484 (1990). Further, Stanley must overcome the strong presumption that defense counsel's conduct falls within the broad range of reasonable professional conduct. Snyder v. State, 201 Ga.App. 66, 69(8), 410 S.E.2d 173 (1991).

Stanley contends that trial counsel was ineffective because he did not inform Stanley that counsel's absence from the courtroom during the trial court's recharge on the definition of rape could create an appealable issue. Stanley claims that because his trial counsel was not present for the recharge, he was unaware that the court omitted the following: "consent to sexual intercourse obtained through a present or immediate fear of serious bodily injury to the female involved is equivalent to no consent at all."

However, Stanley's explanation of how he was harmed by this omission is not persuasive. We fail to see how not reiterating to the jury that, even if the victim consented, if she did so because of fear of injury, there was no consent, could harm the defendant. Rather, just the opposite.

Further, "the necessity, extent, and character of any supplemental instructions to the jury are matters within the sound discretion of the trial court." (Citation and punctuation omitted.) Payne v. State, 219 Ga.App. 318, 464 S.E.2d 884 (1995). As this recharge did not contradict any earlier instruction on a question of law and cannot reasonably be perceived as impairing any defense raised at trial, Brannon v. State, 220 Ga.App. 572, 576, 469 S.E.2d 716 (1996), we find no abuse of discretion in the trial court's recharge. Payne, supra.

Although Stanley claims counsel's performance was deficient in waiving his presence during the recharge without consulting with Stanley and in not discovering what was said *60 at the recharge, Stanley cannot show any harm as a result of counsel's actions and, therefore, cannot satisfy the second prong of the Strickland test. See Strickland, supra at 695-696, 104 S. Ct. at 2068-69. Therefore, as the error on recharge, if any, was harmless, there was no issue to appeal.

Thus, trial counsel was not ineffective in not informing Stanley that this created an issue for appeal. Accordingly, as Stanley does not argue that he was not otherwise adequately informed of his appeal rights, the trial court correctly denied the motion for out-of-time appeal.

Judgment affirmed.

POPE, P.J., and SMITH, J., concur.