Steadman v. State

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NOT FINAL UNTIL TIME EXPIRES TO FILE REHEARING MOTION AND, IF FILED, DETERMINED IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF APPEAL OF FLORIDA SECOND DISTRICT EDDIE LEE STEADMAN, Appellant, v. STATE OF FLORIDA, Appellee. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) Case No. 2D07-4748 Opinion filed December 2, 2009. Appeal from the Circuit Court for Polk County; Steven L. Selph, Judge. James Marion Moorman, Public Defender, and Bruce P. Taylor, Assistant Public Defender, Bartow, for Appellant. Bill McCollum, Attorney General, Tallahassee, and Susan M. Shanahan, Assistant Attorney General, Tampa, for Appellee. VILLANTI, Judge. This case is on remand from the supreme court for reconsideration in light of its decisions in State v. Rabedeau, 2 So. 3d 191 (Fla. 2009), and Gisi v. State, 4 So. 3d 613 (Fla. 2009). Because we conclude that Rabedeau and Gisi are inapplicable to Eddie Lee Steadman's case, we affirm. Steadman pleaded and was sentenced in two cases. In case number 06-009195, he was convicted of burglary of a conveyance, grand theft, two counts of aggravated assault, fleeing or eluding, driving with a suspended license, and giving false identification to law enforcement. His sentences for one count of aggravated assault, fleeing or eluding, and driving with a suspended license were consecutive to the other sentences. The sentences for the other counts were concurrent. The trial court gave Steadman jail time credit on all concurrent counts but did not give him jail time credit on the three consecutive counts, counts 3, 5, and 6. In case number 06-009500, Steadman was convicted of driving with a suspended license, fleeing or eluding, resisting an officer, burglary of a conveyance, and grand theft. His sentences for driving with a suspended license, fleeing or eluding, resisting an officer, and grand theft were concurrent, but his sentence for burglary was consecutive to the other sentences. The trial court gave Steadman jail time credit on the three concurrent counts, but did not give him jail time credit on the consecutive burglary count, count 4. Steadman filed a motion to correct sentencing error, arguing that the trial court should have given him credit for time served in jail while awaiting sentence on counts 3, 5, and 6 of case number 06-009195, and on count 4 of case number 06-009500. The trial court denied the motion, and Steadman appealed. On appeal, both Steadman and the State asserted that this case was controlled by Gisi v. State, 948 So. 2d 816 (Fla. 2d DCA 2007), which at the time was pending before the supreme court. We affirmed, Steadman v. State, 997 So. 2d 417 (Fla. 2d DCA 2008) (table decision), and Steadman sought and was granted review by the supreme court. Accordingly, when the supreme court decided Gisi and Rabedeau, it remanded -2- Steadman's appeal for further consideration by this court. Steadman v. State, 14 So. 3d 218 (Fla. 2009). Rabedeau and Gisi are inapplicable to this case because they involved denial of credit for time served in prison on previously served concurrent prison sentences before the defendant was resentenced to consecutive prison terms. In Rabedeau, the defendant was first sentenced to three concurrent five-year prison terms, followed by three concurrent nine-year probation terms. 2 So. 3d at 192. After completing his concurrent five-year prison terms, the defendant violated probation and was resentenced to three consecutive ten-year prison terms. Id. He received five years' credit for time served in prison on only one of the new ten-year sentences. Id. The supreme court held that upon resentencing to consecutive sentences, the trial court was required to give the defendant credit for the time served on all three concurrently served prison sentences against each new consecutive sentence. Id. at 193 ("[I]f multiple convictions result in concurrent sentences, credit must be awarded for time served on each sentence in any resentencing for the multiple convictions."). Similarly, Gisi involved a defendant who was originally sentenced concurrently on fourteen counts but who, upon resentencing, received three consecutive fifteen-year sentences. 948 So. 2d at 817. Like the defendant in Rabedeau, the defendant in Gisi argued that he was entitled to credit for time served in prison on each of his three new sentences, see 948 So. 2d at 819, and the supreme court agreed, see 4 So. 3d at 614. Neither Rabedeau nor Gisi addressed the issue presented in the present case: credit for time spent in jail while awaiting sentence. "Time spent in jail before sentencing initially occurs differs from time served as part of . . . a sentence." Barnishin v. State, 927 So. 2d 68, 71 (Fla. 1st DCA -3- 2006). When a defendant receives concurrent sentences, he is entitled to receive credit on each sentence for time spent in jail before sentencing. Daniels v. State, 491 So. 2d 543, 545 (Fla. 1986) ("[W]hen . . . a defendant receives pre-sentence jail-time credit on a sentence that is to run concurrently with other sentences, those sentences must also reflect the credit for time served."); Barnishin, 927 So. 2d at 71. However, a "defendant [who] does not receive concurrent sentences on multiple charges . . . 'is not entitled to have his jail time credit pyramided by being given credit on each sentence for the full time he spends in jail awaiting disposition.' " Daniels, 491 So. 2d at 545 (quoting Martin v. State, 452 So. 2d 938, 938-39 (Fla. 2d DCA 1984)). Rather, "a defendant who is convicted of multiple offenses and sentenced to consecutive terms of imprisonment must be given presentence jail credit only on the first of the consecutive sentences." Canete v. Fla. Dep't of Corr., 967 So. 2d 412, 415-16 (Fla. 1st DCA 2007); see also Keene v. State, 500 So. 2d 592, 594 n.2 (Fla. 2d DCA 1986) ("In the case of consecutive sentences, a defendant is only entitled to credit against one of the sentences . . . ."); Barnishin, 927 So. 2d at 71 ("If convicted of multiple offenses, the defendant must be given [jail time] credit only on the first of consecutive sentences."); Gillespie v. State, 910 So. 2d 322, 324 (Fla. 5th DCA 2005) ("[J]ail time credit need not be applied to all consecutive sentences."). Consistent with established case law, Steadman received jail time credit on all concurrent sentences and did not receive credit on the consecutive sentences. This case is not affected by Gisi or Rabedeau, and the trial court did not err. Affirmed. CASANUEVA, C.J., and KHOUZAM, J., Concur. -4-